Allendale County, South Carolina on the Savannah River, Welcome!

The Barnwell Baptist Association, by Clara Johnston Hitt,  236 pages, published 1914

The Barnwell Baptist Association  1886-1895

THE THIRTY-FIRST SESSION-1886.

The thirty-first session of the Barnwell Baptist Association convened at Hunter's Chapel church on Thursday before the second Sunday in November, 1886.

The Introductory Sermon was delivered by Rev. D. W. Key.

Rev. James F. Buist, who for eleven years had been Moderator of the Association and active in every good work, had passed to his reward May 13, 1886. He had been ordained into the ministry at Long Branch church in 1860 and served his first pastorate there. He left to become orderly sergeant in the company of Thomas W. Sanders in the War of Secession, and be-came chaplain of the 17th Regiment of South Carolina Volunteers under Col. Means. He returned to Barn-well County after the war and engaged in pastoral work. "He was plain and unassuming in his deportment, upright and sincere in his conduct and character, genial, loving and lovable in disposition, pious and faithful in Christian life. He was a forcible and ear-nest preacher, always presenting the truth with clearness, and with no other motive than that of love for souls and love for Christ."

Rev. W. D. Rice was elected Moderator, Rev. W. D. McMillan, Clerk, and I. A. Blanton, Treasurer.

Visiting brethren were received from the Colleton and Orangeburg Associations, the Barnwell Baptist Sunday School Convention, Furman University, the State Mission Board and The Baptist Courier.

Bro. W. D. McMillan led in special prayer for Hunter's Chapel church in her time of trial and sore trouble.

The Executive Committee was unchanged. This committee reported having carried out instructions in reference to Furman University, of having sent out circulars in behalf of missions and also of having asked aid for Bro. A. R. Calhoun. There had been difficulty in collecting pledges for the latter's support to the full amount of $250.

Dr. R. H. Griffith, upon request, offered some information relative to the amount necessary to support a student. Dr. T. M. Bailey said it is the duty of the churches to help young men in the acquisition of an education but only at a point beyond which they cannot help themselves. At the suggestion of Rev. A. Buist it was determined to contribute $200 to the support of Bro. Calhoun, and pledges to aid him were made by many of the churches.

Pledges to the amount of $54.50 were made towards the support of Bro. Joseph Anderson at Furman University. He had been promised $50.

Chairman W. D. Rice, for the Committee on Education, said, "We need thoroughly trained minds in every department of life; the farmer needs to know other things than how to drive the plow and weigh and measure grain. He ought to be on examining boards and he is often in the Legislature. He ought to know why he pays taxes and where he can safely invest his hard earned dollar. What is true of the farmer is true of the professions and trades. We must take measures to create a demand for educated people. The demand of these times is for first-class academies kept up throughout the year and presided over by first-class teachers. We acknowledge our obligations to

Furman for the excellent teachers she sends out. The reports of-our female institutions of learning indicate that they are in a more flourishing condition than our schools for boys and young men.

Rev. J. G. Williams plead for the education of the masses.

Dr. Bailey presented the claims of Furman University and collections were promised at many of the churches. Dr. Griffith urged the endowment of Fur-man University. Each church was requested to give twenty cents per member towards this endowment.

Chairman A. Buist for the Committee on State Missions reported: "The spirituality of a church is determined by the amount of its contributions to the cause of Jesus." The churches most actively engaged in missionary enterprises are most prosperous. Missions demand self denial. The life of Jesus is marked by self sacrifice and he is our great exemplar. It is the duty of the Baptists to lead in the missionary enterprises of the age. There is much destitution in the State which cannot be met unless the churches will en-large their contributions. The State Board has forty missionaries in the field. They preach at eighty-nine stations-twenty-nine in town and sixty in the country. And the need is for more. State Missions needs the prayers of the Baptists of Barnwell County. State Missions needs Baptist money for its increased success. Let the contributions come from all the churches in quarterly collections. Rev. T. M. Bailey then made an eloquent appeal for State Missions. A collection of $28.20 was taken up.

Rev. R. W. Sanders, representing the Home Mission Board, spoke at length in a forcible manner, followed by Bro. Williams. A collection of $26 was taken.

On Friday night Rev. R. H. Griffith preached from Acts 10:16.

Oakland Sunday School sent $5 for Sister Brooker. A collection of $6.83 was added to $6.44, the sum in hand for the Indigent Ministers' Fund. This sum was divided between Bro. Hoover and Sister Brooker.

It was determined to ask thirty cents per member for all benevolent purposes in addition to the twenty cents per member for Furman University. Well do I remember the indignation with which many of the church members received the news that the Association had taxed them, as they called it. Men who had given more now gave only fifty cents. Others who had been giving nothing, grudgingly gave the fifty cents tax money.

Chairman D. W. Key for Committee on Foreign Missions said, "The great work of the followers of Christ is the evangelization of the world. Each of our three stations in China is clamoring for increased contributions. We regret that ill health has forced our beloved Hickson to withdraw from his field at Can-ton." In every field occupied by our Foreign Mission Board, the missionaries are both successful and hopeful. The committee suggested that a contribution be solicited from every member of every church. That' pastors talk up mission work in pastoral visitations. That the Foreign Mission Journal be circulated more extensively and that Woman's Missionary Societies be organized.

It may be thought that in a little history like this that a summary of the reports is out of place. We do not think so inasmuch as it shows the thought of the leaders in our church work. Pastor Key set to work to carry out in his own churches the above suggest-ions and succeeded admirably.

Rev. Samuel E. Woodward entered into heavenly rest July 25, 1886, at the age of eighty-one years. He joined Rosemary church at sixteen, entered the ministry at about forty. He re-enforced his preaching with an upright life and holy conversation. He was a much loved visitor to our home at some time each year during the later years of his life, and I remember well the reverence for holy things that his very presence brought.

A committee from the churches to which Rev. J. F. Buist was preaching at the time of his death asked for money to erect a monument to his memory.

Bro. Hoyt presented again The Baptist Courier.

Pleasant Mountain church was given a letter of dismission to unite with the Savannah River Association. Sunday's collection was divided between State and Foreign Missions. The Bible Mission Fund was for-warded to Dr. Bitting.

Dr. T. M. Bailey preached on Saturday night.

Rev. Paul Willis preached the Missionary Sermon on Sunday from Phil. 4:3. The collection amounted to $10.47.

The next meeting was appointed to meet at St. John's, the Introductory Sermon to be preached by G. N. Askew, the Missionary Sermon, by C. P. Ervin, a sermon to be preached by the representative of the State Mission Board immediately after the report on State Missions, and ' a sermon in like manner to be preached by a representative of the Home Mission Board immediately after the report on Home Missions.

THE THIRTY-SECOND SESSION-1887.

The thirty-second session of the Barnwell Baptist Association was held with the St. John's church be-ginning on Thursday, November 10, 1887.

The Introductory Sermon was preached by Rev. G. N. Askew.

The following officers were elected: W. D. Rice, Moderator; W. D. McMillan, Clerk; W. R. Boynton, Treasurer.

The following bodies sent representatives: The Savannah River Association, the Barnwell Baptist Sunday School Convention, the State Mission Board, and The Baptist Courier.

Bro. Buist offered the following resolution, which was adopted :

"Resolved, That the thanks of this body are tendered to Bro. Isaac A. Blanton, our late Treasurer, for the faithful and efficient manner in which he has discharged the duties of his office."

Treadway church was given a letter of dismission.

The sum of $100 was raised for a colportage fund to be called the "James F. Buist Bible and Colportage Fund." Bro. Bailey explained Bible and Colportage Work and urged the necessity of placing Baptist literature in the hands of our people. A standing committee on Bible and Colportage Work was appointed.

The churches were requested to observe Bible Day at some time during the year as suggested by the American Baptist Publication Society.

The Executive Committee reported that circulars had been sent to all the churches of the Association asking for fifty cents per member and ten cents additional for the Beneficiary Fund. Fifty dollars had been paid to Bro. Joseph Anderson, and Bro. A. R. Calhoun had been paid the amount due him at the time he left the University ($134.50) and the balance due last year.

A Committee on Beneficiaries and Their Support was appointed-the committee to report at each annual session.

Bro. Buist submitted a report on Ministerial Education which was adopted by sections. This report endorsed the appointment by the State Convention of a Board of Ministerial Education to pass upon the fitness of applicants for help. Dr. Bailey made some practical remarks and Bro. Key explained the plan of having a State Ministerial Board. A committee was appointed to apportion the amount desired by this Board among the churches of the Association.

A resolution was passed recommending to the Board of Ministerial Education that $75 be paid for the support of Bro. H. S. Hartzog at the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. The sum of $21.17 was made up for Bro. Hartzog.

At the hour appointed for the report on Home Missions, Rev. A. Buist preached. A collection of $10.15 was taken for Home Missions.

A resolution was adopted requesting the churches to contribute fifty cents for each member; fifteen cents for the endowment of Furman University, fifteen cents for State Missions, ten cents for Foreign Missions, five cents for Home Missions, five cents for the widows of deceased ministers.

A committee of Brethren Key, I. A. Blanton, and W. R. Boynton was appointed to prepare suitable statistical and financial table blanks for use in the churches.

Each church was requested to appoint an agent whose duty it would be to work up the suggested amounts. The churches were requested to report the names of such agents to the Treasurer of the Association as early as possible.

The churches were requested to forward all receipts for moneys sent to the various boards and agents to the Treasurer of the Association.

The Committee on Education urged afresh the claims of Furman University and our Board of Ministerial Education.

The Committee on State Missions through Chair-man D. W. Key reported fifty-seven missionaries at work in thirty counties of the State, and sixteen colporters already in the field. He suggested that contributions be measured by ability and prosperity, that regular contributions be made and forwarded, that responsibility be put upon individuals, that extracts published in The Baptist Courier be read from time to time, and that the brethren pray for the work.

Bro. T. M. Bailey preached the sermon on State Missions from Mark 8:34. A collection for State Missions was taken up amounting to $63.57 in cash and $10 in pledges.

The pastors and members of the churches were asked to take more interest in union meetings.

The Indigent Ministers' Fund in hand was given as well as a collection of $11.77 to Sister Brooker.

The Missionary Sermon was preached by Rev. C. P. Ervin from Matt. 25 :14-16.

Rev. D. W. Key preached in the grove from Acts 11:18.

Rev. J. G. Williams read as the report on Foreign Missions Mark 16:15-16. The collection for Foreign Missions amounted to $17.90.

The Committee on Correspondence lamented that our churches do not command the respect and exert the influence which they should.

Rev. John M. Hoover died December 4, 1886, in his seventy-third year, full of years and good works.

The next meeting was appointed to meet on Thursday before the first Sunday in November, 1888, at Rosemary church, Rev. C. G. Bradford to preach the Introductory, and Rev. W. D. Rice, the Missionary, Sermon.

THE THIRTY-THIRD SESSION-1888.

This session of the Association was held with the Rosemary church beginning on Thursday before the first Sunday in November, 1888.

Rev. R. W. Sanders, of Chester, preached the Introductory Sermon.

The letters from the churches were read by Revs. D. W. Key and C. P. Ervin.

The following officers were elected: Moderator, W. D. Rice; Clerk, W. D. McMillan; Treasurer, W. R. Boynton. These were the officers of the preceding year. The Executive Committee was also unchanged. It consisted of the Clerk and Treasurer and of D. P. Sojourner, I. A. Blanton, B. F. Peeples and A. B. Hooten.

Representatives were present from the Savannah River, Greenville, Edisto, Ridge and Chester Associations, from the Barnwell Baptist Sunday School Convention, Furman University, the State Mission Board and The Baptist Courier.

Pending the counting of votes, Prof. Townes, of Greenville Female College, addressed the Association, and Rev. R. W. Sanders called attention to Our Home Field.

A collection of $6.16 was taken to erect a monument to Rev. Wm. Brooker.

The Association elected Bro. Key delegate to the Southern Baptist Convention.

A Standing Committee on Woman's Work was appointed.

Chairman A. Buist for the Committee on Beneficiaries and their Support said that the education of ministerial students in pecuniary need is one of the Association's most important duties. The committee referred with Christian pride to Revs. R. W. Sanders and F. C. Hickson and asked for $300 for J. T. B. Anderson and Henry Hartzog.

Revs. W. T. Hundley, R. W. Sanders and R. H. Griffith gave statements concerning the State Ministerial Board. A committee was appointed to apportion $300 among the churches.

A committee appointed to prepare blank statistical tables for use of the churches decided to print 250 blank church letters and fifty statistical blanks. A resolution was passed recommending each church to take a contribution for some benevolent purpose at each regular meeting during the year.

Chairman D. W. Key for the Committee on Education spoke of the need of consecrated educated men and women to preach the Gospel. He hoped for high schools and an increased patronage of Furman University, Greenville Female College, Cooper-Limestone Institute and Patrick's Military Academy. He urged the churches to raise $1,000 for the endowment of Furman University instead of $800, the amount apportioned the Association by the State Convention in order to raise $20,000.

Rev. L. Cuthbert made an address in behalf of Lime-stone Female Institute and Patrick's Military Institute. Rev. R. H. Griffith presented the claims of Fur-man University. Pledges for the latter were made to the amount of $299.35.

Chairman A. Buist for the Committee on Home Missions in summing up the work cited the following: Churches organized, 1,000; baptisms, 75,000; Sunday Schools established, 2,500; houses of worship erected, 800. He ended with this admonition to the brethren: "Let us give this Board our prayers and our money." Rev. Lansing Burrows, of Augusta, Ga., made an eloquent speech for Home Missions followed by Rev. R. W. Sanders, Vice President of the Home Board. A collection of $27.50 was taken.

Chairman F. J. Sanders for the Committee on State Missions pointed to the Apostle Paul and to the life of Christ for an example of work among our own people. He feared the incoming of skeptics to retard the work. He cited the enlargement of State Mission work by the increase of stations and the revival of churches, there being eighty-one men and one lady missionaries at work in twenty-seven associations.' This Association ought to raise $600 for their support. Rev. T. M. Bailey, Corresponding Secretary of the State Mission Board, gave an interesting statement of the work. Pledges were made to the amount of $185. A cash collection was taken amounting to $98.10.

The Committee on Union Meetings decided that the divisions were too large and divided the churches into eight divisions and assigned one preacher to each. The chairman of the committee, D. M. Johnston, was not in favor of the change from the old plan.

Chairman A. Buist of the Committee on Bible and Colportage Work said: "The Baptist colporter sells Baptist books which impart a knowledge of Baptist doctrines." He thus aids in building up the Baptist denomination. We urge the encouragement of this great work and pray the Lord's blessing on the labors of our Colporter.

Chairman D. S. Hair for the Committee on Digest of Letters reported the churches in good spiritual condition. Edisto church asked for $40. Pledges and cash to the amount of $26 was given her.

A collection of $9.87 was taken for the erection of a monument in memory of Rev. Hansford Duncan.

Sunday's collection was given to Foreign Missions. It amounted to $19.07 and was taken after the Missionary Sermon had been preached by Rev. T. M. Bailey from Joshua 1:13. Rev. B. M. Foreman preached in the grove.

The amount of money and receipts received by the Treasurer during the year amounted to $1,818.33.

The next meeting was appointed to be held at Graham's, Thursday before the first Sunday in November, 1889, with the Introductory Sermon by Rev. C. P. Ervin and the Missionary Sermon by Rev. A. Buist.

THIRTY-FOURTH SESSION-1889.

This session of the Association met at Graham's on Thursday before the first Sunday in November, 1889.

Rev. C. P. Ervin preached the Introductory Sermon from Ephesians 5:25-27.

The former officers were again elected.

Messengers were received from the Greenville, Edisto and Orangeburg Associations, the Barnwell Baptist Sunday School Convention, Furman University, the State Mission Board and The Baptist Courier.

Standing Committees were appointed on Education, State Missions, Home Missions, Foreign Missions, Bible and Colportage Work, Woman's Work, Temperance, Sunday Schools, Program for Union Meetings, and Beneficiaries. Six other committees were appointed as follows : On Religious Services, Digest of Letters, Nomination, Finance, Union Meetings, Auditing Accounts.

A committee of W. B. Rice, T. E. Jasper, A. Buist, W. D. McMillan, and W. R. Boynton was appointed to revise the Constitution. This committee was to re-port at the next meeting.

It was decided to give churches credit in the statistical table but not in the Treasurer's report for amounts contributed without vouchers.

Chairman D. W. Key for the Committee on State Missions urged that we recognize afresh the importance of State Missions, that we help the weak, obscure places, that we seize opportunities, that out of our abundant harvest we give liberally to God. State Mission work has grown and our gifts must increase with its growth. After reading the report Bro. Key made an earnest speech on the work. Bro. Bailey, of the State Mission Board, spoke of the work, its condition and needs. It was decided to ask of the churches $700. A collection of $14.43 was taken for the work and a special collection of $6.11 for building a church at Fort Motte.

Chairman A. Buist reported for the Committee on Beneficiaries that Bro. Joseph Anderson had made the honor roll at Furman University and had been successful in his work in protracted meetings in the summer. The committee recommended giving $200 to de-fray Brother Anderson's expenses the coming year. The report was adopted by striking out $200 and inserting $150.

Chairman F. J. Sanders for the Committee on Education lamented the great need for education and called attention to our Theological Seminary and Baptist colleges. He concluded with, "Money invested in brains returns a larger and better per cent than the accumulation of farms and merchandise and ignorance." After the report on Education, Bro. A. S. Townes, President of Greenville Female College, spoke on female education, and Brother Hoyt presented the claims of Furman University. A subscription of $448 for the endowment fund was taken.

Chairman G. N. Askew for the Committee on Home Missions reported increase to the extent that requires large donations of money. Its sphere of operations includes Louisiana, Arkansas, Texas, Indian Territory, Florida and Cuba. It benefits mainly the Southern people. The Lord has blessed the work in Cuba and we are building a $50,000 house of worship in Havana. Of this we must give our quota. The Board is now employing more than fifty missionaries among the Negroes, and has several able men to give religious instruction to the colored leaders. We commend Our Home Field and Kind Words.

After the report on Home Missions Bro. Lansing Burrows, the representative of the Home Board, made an address in behalf of church work in Cuba. Cash to the amount of $6.55 and pledges to the amount of $124 to aid in the purchase of a church building was given.

On Friday night Dr. Burrows preached an able sermon from (ten. 8:9.

Chairman C. P. Ervin for the Committee on Foreign Missions called attention to the zeal for the work aroused by the organization of the Baptist Missionary Society in 1792 under impulses given by Wm. Carey. He said, "At that time there were practically no workers in the field; now, there are 7,000 foreign missionaries with five times as many native helpers. Then, the doors of the nations were closed to missionary work, and entrance was difficult; now the whole world is practically open." Our Southern Baptist Convention has, through its Foreign Mission Board, worked in Africa, China, Italy, Brazil, and Mexico, and has determined to establish a mission in Japan. The Board's workers are nearly 150 men and women. Our State has been asked to give $13,000 of the $150,000 needed. Only $1,564 were reported raised up to September 19, 1889. The committee suggested a collection at every regular service, the placing of missionary books in Sunday School libraries, the reading of The Baptist Courier and the Foreign Mission Journal, the formation of Woman's Mission Societies, the giving of money by our members, old and young, rich and poor, male and female, one and all, according to their several ability.

After the report on Foreign Missions, Bro. A. J. S. Thomas, Vice President for the State, urged greater and more systematic effort in the work of missions.

Sunday's collection was given to Foreign Missions. The collection amounted to $13.31. Brother Thomas preached on Sunday from Matt. 6:18.

Chairman D. W. Key for the Committee on Woman's Work said that the women of Christian lands owe a great debt to their sisters in heathendom. There are 400,000,000 women that have never heard of the Bible, of heaven, or of Jesus. The Woman's Mission work began in 1870. There are now in this State 130 societies whose offerings for the last quarter amounted to nearly $1,000. In this Association not more than one-third of the churches have a Woman's Mission Society. The committee suggested that pastors help organize and keep alive a Woman's Mission Society in every church, that children be organized into mission bands, that every society be provided with prayer cards, Foreign Mission Journals and tracts, that there be monthly meetings, that there be "missionary enthusiasm, missionary information, missionary giving and missionary prayer."

Chairman H. H. Easterling for the Committee on Digest of Letters reported progress. The churches are receding from making annual calls, a number have services twice a month and some every Lord's Day. The churches are developing a systematic plan of church work. There have been numerous accessions. The committee laments the poor pay given to the pastors.

Chairman W. L. Merritt for the Committee on Bible and Colportage Work showed the usefulness of a good Colporter and would have the Colporter encouraged.

Chairman D. P. Sojourner of the Executive Committee and for the Committee on Apportionment asked for $1,800 as follows: for State Missions, $500; Home Missions, $200; Foreign Missions, $400; Ministerial Education, $150; Furman University, $400; Indigent Ministers and Widows, $100; Association Fund, $50. The committee recommended the collection and for-warding of funds quarterly through the church treasurers to the Treasurer of the Association. The committee also recommended that the Clerk ascertain the cause of failure of unrepresented churches and report at the next meeting of the Association.

A resolution was adopted instructing the Executive Committee to correspond with the secretaries of the Mission Boards and having collated information respecting their fields to publish it quarterly and distribute it among the churches.

A resolution was passed to elect one delegate to the Southern Baptist Convention and to pay his expenses.

The amount of $51.35 from the Ministerial Fund was appropriated to meet the unpaid balance for the support of Brethren Anderson and H. S. Hartzog.

The Committee on Union Meetings arranged the churches into five divisions, and recommended the discussion of the query, "Do pastors urge the claims of missions as they ought,"

The Executive Committee was unchanged except that Bro. J. A. Jenkins was given the place made vacant by the removal from the Association of Bro. I. A. Blanton.

The Indigent Ministers' Fund and a collection of $11.35 was given to Sister Brooker.

The Treasurer reported $884.96 as the total amount received.

The Financial Table shows total contributions to all purposes to have been $8,508.83. Of this $3,298.83 was for other purposes than pastors' salaries. A remarkable missionary spirit pervaded this meeting.

The Association adjourned on Saturday to meet on Thursday before the first Lord's Day in November, 1890, at Great Salkehatchie church, Rev. F. J. Sanders to preach the Introductory, and Rev. T. E. Jas-per, the Missionary, Sermon.

THE THIRTY-FIFTH SESSION-1890.

The thirty-fifth session of the Barnwell Baptist Association met at Great Salkehatchie church on Thursday before the first Sunday in November, 1890.

The Introductory Sermon was preached by Rev. F. J. Sanders from Ecc. 1:9-10.

The following officers were elected: W. D. Rice, Moderator; W. D. McMillan, Clerk; J. A. Jenkins, Treasurer. Brother Jenkins had been already elected Treasurer by the Executive Committee at its meeting in June, Treasurer Boynton having died in May.

Messengers were received from the Savannah River and Greenville Associations, the Barnwell Baptist Sunday School Convention, Furman University, the State Mission Board, The Baptist Courier and the Greenville Female College.

Brother J. G. Williams led the Association in prayer for Brethren J. B. Zorn and G. N. Askew, who were seriously sick.

Bro. J. A. Hoyt, Editor of The Baptist Courier, and Brethren Key and Williams presented the claims of The Courier.

The Committee on Woman's Work through J. E. Hair spoke of what Christianity has done for woman and the efficiency of women as laborers in the Master's vineyard. It is regretted that more of our churches have made no effort to organize women's societies. Every pastor ought to make a move in this direction. Brethren T. M. Bailey and J. G. Williams spoke on the subject.

Bro. R. H. Griffith, agent for the endowment of Furman University, made an instructive address upon

Education. Bro. A. S. Townes spoke for Greenville Female College. Bro. D. W. Key spoke in behalf of Cooper-Limestone.

Bro. W. B. Rice spoke on the establishment of a preparatory school for both sexes. Several brethren made remarks. A committee of nine was appointed to consider the matter and report at the next meeting. The following committee was appointed : J. G. Williams, A. Buist, D. W. Key, C. P. Ervin, A. P. Manville, J. C. Miller, J. C. McMillan, R. P. Harley, and W. B. Rice.

On Friday the Association receded from the order of business in order that Rev. J. G. Williams might deliver an address in celebration of the centennial of the Great Salkehatchie church. The address which appears in the minutes of the Association was historical in character. Addresses were made also by Brethren R. W. Sanders, R. H. Griffith and T. M. Bailey. At the close of Brother Williams' address the congregation arose and sang. "Praise God From Whom all Blessings Flow."

The suggestion to raise $100 to be known as the Great Salkehatchie Fund for Colportage Work was acted upon and sixty dollars in cash and pledges was raised at once.

The Committee on Bible and Colportage Work through J. B. Hunter called attention to the excellent books sold by our Colporter and the reasonableness of their prices, and recommended that each church be assessed a small sum to increase the pay of the Col-porter and encourage him to visit each church in the Association.

Brother Britton gave an interesting statement of his work as Colporter. Brethren Williams, Griffith, and Bailey spoke on the subject. It. was decided that $100 be apportioned among the churches and raised for Brother Britton as Colporter.

There being no report on Home Missions, Bro. R. W. Sanders presented the claims of the Board. A contribution of $22.95 was secured.

Brother Key offered a resolution which was adopted causing each collection at a union meeting to be for-warded in the name of the church at which it had been taken.

It was decided that the Association should appoint some one each year to write a history not to exceed four printed octavo pages, of one of the churches, to be published in the minutes when adopted.

The report on the Revision of the Constitution was received as information and published in the minutes for consideration.

Chairman D. P. Sojourner for the Executive Committee lamented the loss of our much beloved and efficient member, the Treasurer of the body, Bro. W. R. Boynton. "We realize that in his removal we have lost an earnest and faithful laborer from our number, and your body an efficient officer." He deplored the neglect of the churches in meeting fully and promptly the demands of the cause of Christ, as shown in an appended table; exhorted the brethren to con-tribute quarterly and not wait until the meeting of the Association to discharge this duty. He begged the co-operation of pastors, and recommended that the churches apportion the amount among the various objects, forward monies when collected, and send receipts directly to the Treasurer of the Association.

The sum of $1,800 had been apportioned among the churches and an agent appointed in each to raise the amount asked. The amount had been further apportioned among State, Home, and Foreign Missions, Ministerial Education, Furman University, Indigent Ministers and Widows, the Association Fund and Col-portage. The expenses of our beneficiary had been met and his progress satisfactory.

The Executive Committee for the ensuing year was appointed as follows: D. P. Sojourner, A. B. Hooten, B. F. Peeples, and J. C. Hair, with the Clerk and Treasurer of the Association.

Chairman A. Buist for the Committee on Beneficiaries recommended the appropriation of $225 to defray the expenses of Bro. J. T. B. Anderson at Furman University, that this be apportioned among the church-es, that $175 of this be disbursed by the Board of Ministerial Education for board and tuition and that the remaining $50 be retained in the hands of our Executive Committee to defray expenses of said beneficiary. This last provision was made because of the necessity on the part of the Executive Committee to pay out $20 the past year for unforeseen and unprovided for expenses.

.The Committee on Digest of Letters through Bro. J. B. Hunter reported most of the churches as prospering and with Woman's Mission Societies in connection with them. Several had no Sunday Schools. These were recommended to organize Sunday Schools at once.

Bro. L. A. Thomson for the Committee on Foreign Missions said that South Carolina was accounted at the last meeting of the Southern Baptist Convention the banner state in her contributions to missions. The total contributions from all the states amounted to about $109,000. This was less than asked for, but twenty-two new missionaries have been added to the working force of the Board. All the missions need re-enforcement, the need of houses is very great, thousands of men and women are ready to go. We are living in an age of opportunities. Contributions must be greater.

Chairman F. J. Sanders for the Committee on Temperance said that among our church members intoxication is one of the most hurtful and degrading sins of this age. All Christians should abstain from drinking and exclude from church membership those who persist in manufacturing, selling, handling or drinking intoxicating liquors as a beverage.

The amount of $17.47 was raised for Bro. W. B. Carson.

Bro. T. M. Bailey addressed the body on State Missions. A collection amounting to $68.81 in cash and pledges was taken.

Sunday's collection of $26.44 was voted to Furman University.

The amount of $6.81 was contributed to build a church at Appleton.

The Treasurer reported collections for benevolent purposes from all sources as amounting to $2,369.63.

The Association adjourned on Saturday but Bro. R. H. Griffith, Financial Agent of Furman University, preached to a large congregation on Sunday.

The next meeting was appointed to be at Bethesda on Thursday before the fourth Lord's Day in October, 1891, the Introductory Sermon to be preached by Rev. C. P. Ervin and the Missionary Sermon by Rev. D. W. Key.

This last change in time was made out of respect to the recommendation of the State Convention.

THE THIRTY-SIXTH SESSION-1891.

This session of the Barnwell Baptist Association was held at Bethesda as appointed. Bro. C. P. Ervin preached the Introductory Sermon from Eph. 2:10.

The incumbent officers were re-elected.

Messengers were received from the Savannah River, Greenville and York Associations, from Furman University, the State Mission Board and The Baptist Courier.

A Standing Committee on Orphanage Work was appointed, making eleven Standing Committees.

Bro. A. J. S. Thomas, Editor of The Baptist Courier, presented that paper.

An historical report of the Barnwell church was read by Bro. Lide.

Bro. W. B. Rice was requested to write a history of the Springtown church to be presented at the next meeting.

The Finance Committee was instructed to prepare a table on contributions of the churches, also to receive statements contained in church letters as vouchers in preparation of its report.

Chairman D. W. Key of the Committee on Education said that after regeneration comes education. Individuals may be educated to death because educated away from God. Furman University, Greenville Fe-male College, and Cooper-Limestone should have in-creased patronage. "The time should not be far distant when the churches shall turn their attention to providing for the better equipment of our female colleges and supplying advantages for the girls as good and as cheap as those offered to the boys." Let us use such opportunities as we now have for helping our schools.

Bro. J. A. Hoyt spoke in the interest of the J. C. Fur-man Memorial Fund. Barnwell, Bamberg and Healing Springs churches made pledges to the amount of $195.

Chairman W. D. McMillan for the Committee on State Missions lamented the lack on the part of some to appreciate State Missions, declaring that he who is awake to the needs within our borders will also respond to the calls of home and foreign fields.

Bro. T. M. Bailey spoke in regard to the work, the location and the operations of the missionaries engaged. A collection of $17.97 was taken and pledges to the amount of $50.

Chairman J. G. Williams for the Committee on High Schools reported much interest throughout the Association in the establishment of the school. The committee recommended that it be established for both, sexes and that it be supported by endowment and tuition, that expenses be made low, that three buildings be erected on six or ten acres, one for class rooms and the other two for boarding departments. The general management of the school and property and the election of teachers to be left to a board of trustees elected by the Association; current expenses for two or three years to be raised by private subscription, and an endowment fund of $50,000 to be raised as speedily as possible. The two best bids came from Elko and Bamberg, Elko offering ten acres of land valued at $1,000, and $7,275 in subscriptions, one-third to be paid when the work began and the balance in two equal installments, provided the Association raise a like amount; Bamberg offering school property of one building and two acres of land valued at $4,000 and subscriptions to the amount of $5,760, $500 of this being offered by the town council to purchase four or five more additional acres adjoining the school site. After considerable discussion Bro. Hartzog moved that the school be located at Bamberg. After further discussion Bro. Thomson moved to strike out Bamberg and insert Elko. It was then voted as to whether the school should be located at Bamberg or Elko, and Elko received the larger number of votes.

The following were elected trustees for the High School, having power to receive property and devise plans for raising funds and for the erection of buildings : W. D. Rice, L. A. Thomson, D. M. Johnston, J. A. Jenkins, J. H. E. Milhous, S. G. Mayfield, J. B. Black, W. B. Rice, J. A. Chassereau, E. L. Sanders, W. W. Green, W. L. Merritt. To these was added D. W. Key as chairman of the board. The term of office of four trustees to expire every year and four new trustees to be elected annually. The school was named "The Male and Female Institute of the Barnwell Baptist Association."

Chairman F. J. Sanders for the Committee on Home Missions summed up the work being done, and exhorted to every good work beginning at home.

Bro. Patrick gave some interesting statistics in regard to the Home Field.

Chairman J. W. Kennedy for the Committee on Foreign Missions : "Let our churches pray and pay that the heathen may become worshippers of the true and living God." "The Southern Baptist Convention de-sires to put one hundred missionaries in the foreign field during the centennial year 1892." This report was not offered in time to be adopted but was given a place in the minutes. This has frequently been done since that time.

Chairman C. P. Ervin for the Committee on Woman's Work asked why a woman's society any more than a man's society. He intimated the fear that woman is getting out of her place and that Woman's Missionary Societies are not subservient enough to the church.

Addresses on Woman's Work were made by Brethren Key and Willis.

Chairman R. C. Kirkland for the Committee on Bible and Colportage said that this work is second to none in the Association and recommended that some plan be devised by which the Colporter's salary be increased.

Bro. Britton made a statement about his work and Bro. T. M. Bailey spoke in regard to it. Resolutions were passed expressing gratification at the information of the Colporter, commending his work and asking the Executive Committee to provide suitable compensation for him.

Chairman J. C. McMillan for the Committee on Digest of Letters reported the churches in a healthy condition and most of them with good Sunday Schools.

Chairman Jasper Kennedy for the Committee on Sunday Schools said that parents ought to send their children regularly and teach them to remember the Sabbath Day to keep it holy, to teach them to study the Bible and sing Sunday School songs and thus bring them early to Christ and set them to work for the Master.

Chairman J. C. Hair for the Committee on Temperance said that one in twenty of the inhabitants of the United States are rendered idle and incapacitated for work through the liquor traffic. Drink shortens life and produces crime and insanity. The most important remedy is not to change the laws but to change the people. If the children were taught the evil of alcoholic beverages much good would be done. The churches can proclaim the teachings of the Bible and persuade men, and they can exclude habitual drinkers.

Chairman D. P. Sojourner for the Committee on Beneficiaries said that we are convinced that the fundamental principle of Christian life is Christian activity. He applied this to the churches as independent organizations and also to them in an associational capacity. He suggested that the Barnwell Association send out a missionary to some foreign field.

The Executive Committee reported meeting quarterly. This was another effort to induce the churches to develop and keep in operation a system of regular and systematic giving. The committee reported the church-es as responding. The committee had aided Bro. Anderson, now graduated. It advised seeking out some other worthy young brother called to the ministry and aiding him.

The Executive Committee for the next year: D. P. Sojourner, L. A. Thomson, S. (I. Mayfield, B. F. Peeples, with the Clerk and Treasurer.

A collection of five dollars was taken for the Orphanage, and a collection of $13.85 was taken for the Yorkville church.

The available fund for Indigent Ministers was given to Sister Brooker.

Sunday's collection was voted to State Missions. The Treasurer reported for all benevolent purposes $2,162.58 collected.

Brother Ervin offered a substitute for the Constitution offered last year by Brother W. B. Rice. This was read article by article and adopted. The principal changes from the old Constitution consisted in specifying the number of members and the duties of the Executive Committee and the number and names of the Standing Committees. The Executive Committee was henceforth to be composed of four elective officers with the Moderator, Clerk and Treasurer of the Association. "And it shall be the duty of this committee to promote the objects and plans of this Association not otherwise provided for, to fill vacancies that may occur in office, and to present a yearly report of all business transacted by it.''

The Rules of Decorum were summed up in "The business of this Association shall be conducted according to the general parliamentary law, and each separate session shall be opened and closed with religious exercises."

The new Standing Rules named Thursday before. the fourth Sunday in October of each year as the time of meeting, provided that the Executive Committee should apportion the money to be raised each year among the churches, required the Treasurer in connection with two brethren appointed by the Moderator to make up for publication in the minutes a table of contributions, and also required the churches to send to the Treasurer quarterly statements of contributions to all purposes for the information of the Executive Committee.

The next meeting was appointed to be held with the Mt. Arnon church, the Introductory Sermon to be preached by Rev. W. D. McMillan and the Missionary Sermon by Rev: R. W. Lide.

THE THIRTY-SEVENTH SESSION-1892.

This session of the Association met with the Mt. Arnon church on Thursday, October 12, 1892.

The Introductory Sermon was preached by Bro. W. D. McMillan.

The former officers were re-elected.

Messengers were received from the Savannah River Association, the State Mission Board, The Baptist Courier, Anderson Military School and the Baptist Orphanage.

On request Brother Britton made a statement about the Colportage work done. Brethren T. M. Bailey and Galphin made addresses. The Executive Commit-tee was instructed .to raise $100 for Colporter Britton to be paid quarterly during the next associational year.

Hammond church, now Olar, was received into the body.

The following resolution prepared by Bro. J. G. Williams and presented by Bro. A. Buist was adopted:

"That it is the sense and conviction of the Barnwell Baptist Association that fidelity to God and Christian patriotism demand that only such men should be put into the offices of the country either of honor or trust, whose high Christian or moral characters will entitle them to the respect of all good people, and make them safe examples to the young men of the country and that we will vote as we pray, and that in this movement we ask the co-operation of all Christian patriots and denominations of Christians."

Brother Ellis offered a resolution which was passed, in favor of prohibitory laws.

There being no report on State Missions, Bro. T. M. Bailey gave an interesting account of the work., The sum of $52.62 cash and $24 in pledges was contributed.

Bro. S. G. Mayfield for the Committee on Education said that there is great interest in education, and the schools of our county though poor have improved. The Methodist church has established a training school at Bamberg. We have done nothing about our school. We commend to the Baptists of this Association our distinctively Baptist schools. There are now thirty-eight young men at Fuman studying for the ministry. This Association ought to have one young man there.

Brother Patrick, Superintendent Anderson Military School, made an address on education.

Bro. D. W. Key reported for the trustees of the Male and Female Institute that the trustees inspected the site, decided upon a plan for the main building and sent an appeal to the churches for funds. The churches did not respond. The need for such a school is as great as formerly. What must we do?

Bro. D. W. Key had removed from the Association and this report was read for him by Brother Mayfield. A committee of five consisting of Brethren Sojourner, Merritt, Askew, H. W. Walker, and Hartzog were appointed to consider the matter. This committee offered a report in lieu of which the following resolution was adopted :

"That we ask the Elko people to release us from any obligation to them in connection with the associational school."

So much dissatisfaction was manifested over the abandonment of the proposed school that later in the session the following resolution was adopted:

"That a committee of fifteen be appointed to receive the communication from Elko with reference to the High School, and they be empowered to re-open the matter of a High School and receive bids and act thereupon."

The following brethren were appointed: T. M. Galphin, chairman; D. P. Sojourner, R. H. Walker, A. H. Patterson, A. B. Hooten, J. E. Hair, W. B. Rice, J. A. Chassereau, E. L. Sanders, W. W. Green, W. L. Merritt, L. A. Thomson, J. H. E. Milhous, S. G. Mayfield, D. M. Johnston.

But the Associational High School was dead. It died when a certain good brother made the statement upon the floor, that the place which got the school should erect the buildings since that place would get most benefit from the school. Elko had made a liberal offer-more than she could well afford. She could not go forward without outside help.

Chairman D. P. Sojourner for the Executive Committee reported that the committee had met quarterly but that only a few of the churches had responded to the committee's appeal. The committee urged again that the pastors urge their members to pay quarterly, and endeavor to get up a small contribution from each member of the church and congregation. The commit-tee was gratified that two young men were desirous of aid to fit themselves for the ministry.

The Executive Committee was appointed for the next year as follows: D. P. Sojourner, A. B. Hooten, J. C. Hair, B. F. Peeples, with the Moderator, Clerk and Treasurer.

Chairman W. G. Britton for the Committee on Home Missions summed up the work. He said we are sending the Gospel into our growing business centers, to the Indian Territory and to the colored preachers. The Board needs Baptist prayers and Baptist money.

Brother T. M. Galphin in the absence of Chairman D. W. Key read the report on Foreign Missions. This report mentioned that the Foreign Mission Board was burdened with a debt of $39,000, and that it had been proposed to raise $125,000 in addition to the regular work in order to send forth a hundred new missionaries as a centennial offering. He mentioned the hard times and the unlikelihood of reaching the high water mark, but said, Let us get a contribution from every member of our churches this year.

Brethren Ervin, Williams, T. M. Bailey and Thomas spoke. A contribution of $9.90 was made. The collection on Sunday was given to Foreign Missions.

Brother Galphin presented Chairman D. W. Key's report on the Connie Maxwell Orphanage. This Orphanage, he said, is located at Greenwood under the control of the Baptist State Convention. J. L. Vass is Superintendent. About twenty orphans are in the completed building and applications are on hand for one hundred more. The Santee Association has undertaken the erection of a chapel and school building. Food and clothing for the orphans must be supplied by the churches, individuals and Sunday Schools.

Superintendent Vass gave an instructive account of the enterprise._ A collection of $14.85 in cash and $95 in pledges was taken.

Chairman L. A. Thomson for the Committee on Sun-day Schools asked the question which has agitated later times: How can we get better teachers? He placed the responsibility upon the superintendents and remarked that the children are more regular in attendance than the officers.

The Colporter reported: Sold, 1,222 volumes; cash receipts, $336.47; miles traveled, 6,000; visits made, 3,678; sermons preached, 136; addresses made, 94; pages of tracts distributed, near 25,000; Bibles and Testaments donated when necessary.

Chairman, R. W. Lide for the Committee on Woman's Work said that Mrs. Graves, of Baltimore, began the work in the Southern states in 1874. Miss Lou McIntosh, of Society Hill, began it in 1875. There are now about 2,000 Woman's Missionary Societies in the South. These raised last year $44,282. There are in South Carolina 239 societies which have contributed $5,305 during the past year. There are 45,000 white Baptist women in our State, members of our churches. We recommend the formation of a Woman's Missionary Society in every church, the use of prayer cards, and that we get a contribution this year for missions from every Baptist woman.

Chairman R. W. Lide for the Committee on Beneficiaries recommended that Brother J. A. Hunter, of Edisto, be given $75, and Bro. Jeff Sandifer, of Bamberg, $100 to prosecute their studies in some high school.

Chairman W. A. Gyles for the Committee on Digest of Church Letters regretted the marked decrease in membership, and the incompleteness of the church and Sunday School statistics, also that many of the church-es are unrepresented.

The amount of $11.96 was collected for the Aged Ministers' Fund.

The Treasurer reported $2,036.98 collected during the year.

The next meeting was appointed to meet at Healing Springs, Rev. A. Buist to preach the Introductory, and _Rev. T. M. Galphin, the Missionary, Sermon.

The thanks of the body were tendered to Capt. J. C. Keys, of the Carolina Midland Railroad, for courtesies to the delegates.

THIRTY-EIGHTH SESSION-1893.

The thirty-eighth session of the Barnwell Baptist Association met with the Healing Springs church October 19, 1893.

The Introductory Sermon was preached by Rev. C. P. Ervin.

The former officers were re-elected.

Messengers were received from the Savannah River, Greenville, Orangeburg and Aiken Associations, the State Mission Board, the Orphanage and The Baptist Courier.

Brother Keys presented the claims of The Baptist Courier.

It was made a Standing Rule for one of the delegates from each church to read the letter sent up by his church and answer any questions put to him.

There being no report on State Missions, Secretary T. M. Bailey upon invitation addressed the Association and gave an interesting statement of the work. A collection of $40.75 was taken. Sunday's collection was also given to State Missions.

Chairman D. P. Sojourner for the Committee on Orphanage called attention to the fact that Connie Max-well Orphanage was just one year old. "Let us, dear brethren, do for these little ones as we would desire others to do for ours, if in God's providence, they too should be orphaned."

Superintendent Vass upon invitation gave an interesting account of the history and progress of the institution. A collection of $21.60 was taken.

The Hammond church was recommended to the State Mission Board for help. Hammond had asked for help last year. A collection was taken.

Brother Britton presented the report for the Committee on Temperance. It was discussed by Brethren Ervin, Mayfield, Miller and J. G. Williams. The following resolution was substituted for the report:

"That we trust this Association will speak out, in no uncertain tones, on the evils of drunkenness, and that we recommend that our church members practice total abstinence; that we individually pledge ourselves to total abstinence."

This resolution was passed after a hand primary showing how many delegates had never taken a drink and how many did not practice taking a social glass. The number was surprisingly small, there being fewer than a half dozen who had never taken a drink, and possibly a dozen who were at that time total abstainers.

There were still those desirous of the associational school and a resolution was passed appointing a committee to receive bids for such a school.

F. N. K. Bailey for the Committee on Education said, God has endowed us with talents and holds us responsible for their improvement. Let us rally to the support of our schools and place them on a firm financial foundation. It is a step in the right direction to establish good high schools. An effort is being made to raise funds for the improvement of the Baptist Fe-male College at Greenville. Let us do our duty by our College.

Chairman A. Buist for the Committee on Bible and Colportage Work said that the Colporter is an educator, a religious teacher. The importance of the work cannot be over estimated. We commend Brother Brit-ton, our earnest and faithful Colporter, to the more favorable consideration of our people.

The Executive Committee was unchanged. This Committee reported having given its attention to contributions for benevolent purposes, but having left alone the appropriations for the beneficiaries because the Association had failed to instruct the commit-tee relative to the latter. The committee asked that all apportionments be henceforth placed in their hands. The Association voted to give Brethren Hunter and Sandifer the amounts due them and also $100 each for another year.

Chairman S. G. Mayfield for the Committee on Woman's Work said that only in recent years have women endeavored to raise funds independently of men. The increase in contributions in 1893 over 1891 was about $18,000. South Carolina, the banner State in Woman's Missionary Work, gave more in proportion to population than any other state ($6,754.37). Barnwell Association gave $331.16. The object of the Woman's Missionary Society is to sustain women missionaries in foreign lands, to aid the Home Boards by helping sustain families and schools, and to disseminate literature. This work has scarcely begun. There are 336 societies in this State of which fourteen or more are in Barnwell Association. South Carolina is the banner state in this work. Will Barnwell be the banner county in the State? He noted with pleasure that Furman University had opened her doors to women.

Chairman R. W. Lide for the Committee on Home Missions said that in this field are large cities with much wickedness. There is an increasing foreign population with various isms. In this field are the Indians and 7,000,000 Negroes. The Board is arranging for hospital service for women and children in Cuba.

Chairman C. P. Ervin for the Committee on Foreign Missions thought that pastors ought to put proper reading matter in the hands of the people. Churches ought to develop their members in systematic giving. We need a conscientious, proportionate and regular contribution from each member.

Bro. J. A. Chassereau reported for the Committee on Digest of Church Letters. Most of the churches failed to send up letters. There was a marked in-crease in membership. The church and school statistics were very incomplete and many churches were unrepresented.

The Treasurer reported $2,024.50 collected during the year.

The next meeting was appointed to meet at Willis-ton, the Introductory Sermon to be preached by Rev. H. S. Hartzog and the Missionary Sermon by Rev. C. P. Ervin.

Notwithstanding the financial depression the church-es had given evidence of activity and sacrifice for the Master's cause. Harmony had prevailed and good work had been accomplished. Bro. H. S. Hartzog preached on Sunday.

THE THIRTY-NINTH SESSION-1894.

The thirty-ninth session of the Barnwell Baptist Association was held with the Williston church beginning on Thursday, October 25, 1894.

The Introductory Sermon was preached by Bro. J. L. Vass from First Epistle of James 1:22.

Bro, A. Buist was instructed to cast the ballot of the Association for the former officers. This is the be-ginning in this Association of the modern way of voting by ballot.

Messengers were received from the Savannah River and Welsh Neck Associations, the State Mission Board, The Baptist Courier and the Baptist Orphanage.

There was an address of welcome by Bro. T. P. Lide, pastor of Williston church, and a response by Brother Sojourner.

Brother Moseley, our returned missionary from Mexico, was invited to participate in the deliberations of the body.

The annual report of the Board of Trustees of Connie Maxwell Orphanage was submitted as our report. Superintendent Vass gave an interesting statement, all of which was encouraging, of the condition, prospects and needs of the institution. A collection of $15.15 was taken for the work.

Bro. F. N. K. Bailey, of the Williston High School, invited the delegates to visit his school.

Chairman R. W. Lide for the Committee on Education said it is important to educate our youth under Christian influence. This can only be done in denominational schools. We should therefore support our de-nominational schools. Brethren Lide, Thomas, Whilden, Britton and Ervin spoke.

The Committee on Beneficiaries recommended that the same appropriations as last year be paid to the principals of the schools which Brethren Hunter and Sandifer attend to defray school expenses.

Brethren Key and T. M. Bailey spoke on State Missions and plead for increased efforts to sustain the work. Pledges and cash to the amount of $39.90 were obtained. Bro. T. M. Bailey's tract on mission work was adopted as a report and is given in the minutes.

On Thursday night after Brother Moseley had given an interesting statement of the missionary work in Mexico, a collection of $7.36 was taken for Foreign Missions.

On Friday night Bro. A. J. S. Thomas preached from Ps. 144:5-15.

Brother Thomas spoke in behalf of The Baptist Courier.

The Seigling church was received into the body.

Brother Key addressed the body on Woman's Work. Brethren R. W. Lide, Whilden, and Williams spoke on the subject.

Chairman D. P. Sojourner for the Committee on Bible and Colportage reported destitution as regards Bibles in the homes. Despite the great scarcity of money, our Colporter had done a creditable work. His cash sales amounted to $330. He had travelled 3,500 miles. He had sold principally Bibles, Testaments and hymn books. Brethren T. M. Bailey and W. G. Brit-ton spoke in regard to the work.

Bro. J. G. Williams asked this Association to join with the Savannah River Association in the support of Bro. Wesley W. Lawton, a missionary about to leave for China, each association to raise $300. The proposition was agreed to and the Moderator appointed a committee of Brethren Wm. Haynsworth, T. P. Lide and L. A. Thomson to raise that amount.

Bro. F. N. K. Bailey for the Committee on Foreign Missions recommended regular contributions for the maintenance of Brother Lawton. He also recommended that the brethren take the Foreign Mission Journal. Addresses were made on Foreign Missions by Brethren Williams, T. M. Bailey, Thomas and Whilden.

Bro. W. T. Walker for the Committee on Temperance reported that twenty years ago the majority of our men met in our towns on Saturday and drank whiskey to intoxication, now it is the exception to see drunk or staggering men on our streets. We cannot legislate against drunkenness. We must educate the morals of our people, through the home circle, the school, and the churches.

Chairman J. H. E. Milhous for the Committee on Sunday Schools said that the Association through its Executive Committee should extend its sympathy and aid to our Sunday School work. Our Sunday School Convention should receive the undivided support of our Sunday. Schools. We cannot divide interest with the Interdenominational Convention without loss to ourselves.

Brother C. P. Ervin for the Committee on Home Missions gave an interesting account of the work being done. Remarks were made on the subject by sever-al brethren.

Chairman J. C. Hair for the Committee on Union Meetings deplored the little interest taken in union meetings and recommended that a committee of three arrange these. meetings, that the Association be divided into two unions only, that Friday meetings be discontinued, that the programs be published in the county papers and that the preachers be urged to attend the meetings and participate in the exercises.

Bro. A. P. Manville for the Committee on Digest of Letters reported additions in nearly all of the church-es. The churches were behind previous years in contributions. The committee urged the filling out of Sunday School blanks and the use of separate columns for cash sent up to the Association and for monies sent up during the year, and also the reporting of pas-tors' salaries as really paid.

Bro. D. P. Sojourner reported for the Executive Committee. He said, We have tried for years to unify and systematize our work and have made progress. We fear that our appointed agents do not exhibit the interest they should. We fear our pastors are careless during the year about the collection of funds. We welcome the agents of the various boards but we think that too long and persistent efforts are discouraging rather than helpful. We recommend that all presentations of claims and appeals for contributions be limited to a reasonable time. We recommend that agents take yearly subscriptions to be paid quarterly and that the result of such canvass be reported to J. A. Jenkins, Treasurer, and Secretary of the Executive Committee. We recommend the apportionment as follows: State Missions, 27 per cent; Home Missions, 9 per cent; Foreign Missions, 23 per cent; Ministerial Education, 5 per cent; Beneficiaries, 10 per cent; Indigent Ministers, 4 per cent; Associational Funds, 2 per cent; Col-portage, 5 per cent; Orphanage, 15 per cent.

The Executive Committee for the next year was to consist of D. P. Sojourner, J. C. Hair, J. A. Chassereau, B. F. Peeples with the Moderator, Clerk and Treasurer of the Association.

Brethren Sojourner and Williams spoke in regard to our duty to indigent ministers. A collection of $12.81 was taken. Sunday's collection was given to the Indigent Ministers' Fund.

The amount due the Colporter was paid out of the unappropriated fund 'sent up to the Association. It was recommended to the State Mission Board that the same aid be extended for the ensuing year as was afforded during the present year.

Bro. T. P. Lide was requested to prepare a history of the Rosemary church and present the same to the Association at its next meeting.

The Moderator congratulated the Association that notwithstanding the depression in financial matters, some of the churches had made a creditable record in their contributions. He urged the brethren not to let the hardness of the times hinder earnest work and liberal contributions the coming year.

The minutes of this meeting records the death of Rev. F. J. Sanders on January 9, 1893. He had been preaching the Gospel for twenty-six years. He held his pastorate for years, was kindly in thought and prophetic in vision. He was much loved by his people and greatly missed by them.

The next meeting was appointed to meet at Double Pond, the Introductory Sermon to be preached by Bro. T. P. Lide, and the Missionary Sermon by Bro. H. S. Hartzog.

THE FORTIETH SESSION-1895.

The Barnwell Baptist Association met in 1895 with the Double Pond church.

The Introductory Sermon was preached by Rev. R. N. Pratt from Matt. 25:45.

The former officers were re-elected.

Messengers were received from the Santee and Orangeburg Associations, the State Mission Board, The Baptist Courier, Orphanage, Furman University and Greenville Female College.

Brother Thomas presented the claims of The Baptist Courier.

Brother Pratt addressed the body on the advantages to the denomination of Furman University and Greenville Female College.

Bro. G. N. Askew made the report on Education for that committee. Brethren J. G. Williams, Pratt, Lide and Brown spoke on the subject.

Brethren Hood and Foreman were received as representatives of the Orangeburg Collegiate Institute, the latter addressing the Association on the subject of that institution.

Brother Lide presented the report on State Missions, which was a summary of the work of the past nine years. It said that the work of the nine years had cost $101,203.36. There is now a Baptist church in every county town in the State except one, and every third Baptist church in the State has been a beneficiary of the Board. After the report Bro. T. M. Bailey spoke and a collection of $58.90 in cash and pledges was taken.

The Committee on Home Missions having failed to report, Brother Haynsworth, at the request of the Association, wrote a report on Home Missions. This re-port was long and full.

Chairman M. H. Ackerman reported at length for the Committee on Foreign Missions, naming the missionaries who had recently gone to foreign fields. Brethren Haynsworth and Lide spoke. To make up a deficiency in Brother Lawton's salary, cash and pledges to the amount of $93.15 was contributed. Sunday's collection of $16.66 was also given to him. A letter from Brother Lawton was read. It appears in the minutes. Brethren Haynsworth, Lide and Thomas were appointed a committee to raise funds for the sup-port of Brother Lawton in China the ensuing year. Brother Haynsworth was asked to communicate with Brother Lawton and assure him of our sympathy and hearty support.

Bro. W. D. McMillan for the Committee on Bible and Colportage recommended the continuance of the work and the requirement of an annual report to the Association by the Colporter. Brother Britton as Colporter gave an account of his work.

Chairman W. G. Britton for the Committee on Union Meetings said that the meetings during the past year had been almost complete failures. He thought discontinuance would be preferable to dragging along again this year. If continued, the committee recommended a program committee, advertisement of the meetings and the rotation of preachers. Brethren Ervin, Haynsworth and Lide were appointed a Program Committee and the churches were placed in five divisions.

Chairman Wm. Haynsworth for the Committee on Orphanage made a full report. Of the seventy-one children in the Orphanage thirty or more were being supported by one or more churches. Brother Vass made an interesting address and received a collection for the Orphanage of $13.98.

Chairman T. P. Lide for the Committee on Sunday Schools reported the work as encouraging, and recommended an evergreen school in each church, united support of the Barnwell Baptist Sunday School Convention, the use of the literature of the Southern Baptist Convention, and the training of children to give.

The report on Woman's Work gave only the report from the Williston church.

Brother Buist offered a resolution to provide funds for Ministerial Education, but as chairman of the Committee on Beneficiaries recommended no aid for the ensuing year for any beneficiary of this Association.

Bro. C. C. Brown by request addressed the body on the Indigent Ministers' Fund. This Association had up to this time expended this fund on the indigent ministers and their widows of this Association. Brother Brown now wanted to supplant this work by the Aged Ministers' Relief Fund under the direction of the State Convention. A collection of $13.11 was taken for the latter fund and Sister Brooker recommended as a beneficiary of the Board.

Brother Lide read the history of Rosemary church which appears in the minutes. Bro. W. B. Rice was re-quested to hand in the history of Springtown church as early as possible, and Brother Askew was requested to write a history of Double Pond for next session.

The minutes of this meeting contains a tribute to the memory of Bro. D. P. Sojourner, who was made chair-man of the Executive Committee then known as the General Committee, in 1877 upon the death of Bro. Jones M. Williams. Throughout nearly twenty years Brother Sojourner was a leader in shaping the policies of this Association, and training the brethren to accept them. Just how great his work was can only be understood by those who follow closely the work of this committee. We may well think of him as our great layman.

Bro. C. P. Ervin, Acting Chairman of the Executive Committee, reported our churches as having contributed during the year about $1,100 to benevolent objects. This is slightly less than the preceding year. The committee recommended that the deacons divide the members of each church into lists, each deacon obligating to see, solicit and collect some amount from each member on his list whether male or female before the fifteenth of October. The apportionment was slightly revised, Home Missions being apportioned 15 per cent; Foreign Missions, 25 per cent; and Ministerial Education, 7 per cent, Beneficiary being omitted.

The Executive Committee for the ensuing year was composed of C. P. Ervin, J. C. Hair, B. F. Peeples, A. P. Manville with the Moderator, Clerk and Treasurer of the Association.

The next meeting was appointed to meet at Elko, the Introductory Sermon to be preached by Rev. G. N. Askew and the Missionary by Rev. C. P. Ervin.

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1896-1905

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