Allendale County, South Carolina on the Savannah River, Welcome!

The Barnwell Baptist Association, by Clara Johnston Hitt,  236 pages, published 1914

The Barnwell Baptist Association 1906-1913

THE FIFTY-FIRST SESSION-1906.

This session being the fiftieth annual meeting, the Association had completed a semi-centennial. In other words, fifty years of work had been completed by the Association at the beginning of this session. This session of the Association was held with the Denmark church beginning on Thursday before the fourth Suno day in October, 1906.

The Introductory Sermon was preached by Bro. V. I. Masters and the officers of last year were re-elected.

Bro. M. M. Benson reported for the Committee on State Missions that Dr. W. T. Derieux had been made the assistant of Dr. T. M. Bailey. Bro. J. D. Moore had been employed as Sunday School Secretary for the State. The work of the missionaries had been distinctly blessed and the Colportage Work was growing in favor. Of the $800 we had been asked to contribute we had sent up $537.51. Dr. Derieux spoke and a collection of $33 was taken.

Columbia church was received into the Association.

Bro. G. W. Garner for the Committee on Sunday Schools reported the establishment of a Chair of Pedagogy in our Seminary at Louisville and the maintenance by our Sunday School Board of five progressive evangelists. He also reported the maintenance of Bro. J. D. Moore as evangelist by our State Board, the establishment of the Normal Course of Study for Teachers and the Home Department. He recommended holding institutes in our Christian colleges for women, and the use of the available agencies for betterment. He also recommended the organization of schools in churches where there are none. Several brethren discussed the report.

Bro. J. H. Fender for the Committee on Bible and Colportage Work heartily commended the Colporter's work as among the best in the State, and recommended that the Association employ the Colporter for his entire time. The Colporter reported selling 4,126 volumes for $764.15. The Association decided to employ a Colporter for his entire time at a salary of $600. The State Board was asked to pay one-third of this amount.

The semi-centennial sermon was preached by Bro. Jones from John 12:21. This sermon appears in the minutes.

Bro. R. W. Sanders moved that the pastors and brethren obtain all information possible in regard to the history of the Association and place it in the hands of the Clerk.

Bro. H. J. Snider for the Committee on Periodicals and Literature called attention to the Bible as the great standard of literature. He thought every Baptist should take a denominational paper.

Bro. G. N. Askew for the Committee on Aged Ministers' Relief stated that all beneficiaries receiving less than $100 had had twenty per cent added to their allowance. Bro. McMillan read the report and Bro. Brown spoke.

The Associational Rules were so amended that letters from the churches might be digested by a committee and the important matters brought before the body, without taking time to read the entire letters.

The Orangeburg brethren had asked this Association to unite with them in the maintenance of the Orangeburg Collegiate Institute. Cooperation was decided upon and the Executive Committee instructed to appoint two trustees. "

Bro. J. A. Jenkins for the Committee on Temperance called attention to the great number of deaths caused by rum and the greater destruction of souls. He thought every citizen of our country ought to take a bold stand against intemperance and the liquor traffic. He recommended the pastors of this Association to preach on this subject and our people to stand by them. Brethren Britton, Garner, Merritt, McMillan, Jones and Keys discussed the subject of temperance.

Bro. I. H. Hutto made a full report on the work done at the Orphanage, for the committee. He recommended that the churches undertake the support of an orphan. Bro. Keys followed with an interesting account of the condition of the Orphanage.

Bro. W. D. McMillan for the Committee on Foreign Missions reported the readiness of the world to receive the Gospel if only we would carry the Gospel to the world. A letter from Bro. and Sister Lawton, our missionaries in China, was read telling of two baptisms and of the nearing of the completion of their dwelling.

Bro. S. P. Hair for the Committee on Home Missions told of the creation of a Department of Evangelism under orders from the Southern Baptist Convention. He spoke of the tide of immigrants turning South-ward, of the work being done in the mountain schools and in Panama and Cuba.

Bro. R. W. Sanders for the Committee on Woman's Work reported thirty-three societies in Barnwell Association. Attention was called to the good work of the Superintendent, Mrs. Sojourner.

Bro. W. M. Jones for the Committee on Education regretted that our Association did not love and support Furman University as it ought. He thought it better to be educated in a State school than not to be educated at all.

Bro. G. N. Askew for the Committee on Obituaries reported the deaths of two prominent deacons, Bro. H. K. Gillam of Ghent's Branch, and Bro. D. M. Johnston, of Rosemary, who served long and faithfully as a member of the Executive Committee of the Association.

Bro. G. E. Birt for the Committee on Digest of Letters noted an increase in contributions to missions and a small increase in membership. Williston, Barn-well, Blackville and Long Branch had improved church property. Twenty-five out of twenty-eight churches reported Woman's Mission Societies, and twenty re-ported Sunday Schools.

The Executive Committee was appointed as follows: Geo. Boylston, W. M. Jones, C. M. Billings, R. R. Johnston, J. C. McMillan, Sr., and C. M. Edenfield with the Moderator, Clerk and Treasurer.

The Treasurer reported collections to the amount of $3,361.73.

The next meeting was appointed to meet at Mt. Arnon on Thursday before the fourth Sunday in October, 1907, the Introductory Sermon to be preached by Rev. H. J. Snider and the Missionary Sermon by Rev. A. J. Foster.

THE FIFTY-SECOND SESSION-1907.

This session of the Association met with the Mt. Anion church.

Bro. Snider preached the Introductory 'Sermon from Jas. 4:14.

The Clerk, Bro. W. D. McMillan, being providentially hindered from being present, the Moderator requested Bro. W. G. Britton to act as Clerk.

The following officers were elected: R. M. Mixson, Moderator; W. G. Britton, Clerk, and J. A. Jenkins, Treasurer.

On motion, Bro. G. W. Garner led in prayer in be-half of Brethren G. N. Askew, W. D. McMillan and W. M. Jones.

There being no report on Periodicals, Bro. A. J. Foster was requested to furnish one for the minutes. The subject was discussed by Brethren J. K. Hair, J. A. Peters, A. P. Manville, G. W. Boylston, W. G. Britton, W. T. Derieux, and C. C. Brown.

Bro. S. P. Hair reported for the Committee on Bible and Colportage that the Colporter had presented the best report in the history of this important work. But the Association had not paid the Colporter quarterly as promised. The Treasurer was instructed to pay the Colporter out of unappropriated funds in hand, - any deficit to be made up by the Association.

Bro. J. J. Ray for the Committee on Orphanage noted that waterworks had been put in and the cultivation of flowers encouraged. Bro. J. K. Hair discussed the report. Syrup and provisions were pledged.

Bro. A. J. Foster reported for the Committee on State Missions. He rejoiced in the continued growth and added blessings of our State Board. The Barn-well Association had been asked to contribute $1,050 of the $30,000 needed for the work. Of this $382.69 had been sent to the State Secretary up to the time of this meeting.

Pledges were taken for the Rock Hill church fund.

Bro. W. G. Britton for the Committee on Aged Ministers' Relief said that no beneficiary is aided without the endorsement of the Executive Board of the Association to which he belongs. The Convention had advised an increase of stipend but the Board must wait on the churches for funds. Bro. C. C. Brown spoke on the report.

Bro. R. W. Sanders for the Committee on Education said that the two greatest concerns of a follower of Jesus should be the salvation of men and their Christian education. He called attention to the colleges and high schools under Baptist control. He recommended patronizing Baptist institutions, the setting apart of one Sunday for prayer and contributions to Christian Education and one annual collection for Ministerial Education. Bro. Sanders was asked to publish his re-port in The Baptist Courier.

flro. Pittman spoke of the Orangeburg Collegiate Institute; and Dr. Poteat, of Furman University and the need of religious atmosphere in all schools.

Bro. Britton read a report written by Sister G. W, Rickenbaker on Woman's Work. She said that the women had raised $535 more than asked from this Association. They had raised $1,235.50. Too much praise, she said, could not be given to Mrs. Sojourner for her devoted and untiring effort. An amendment was adopted expressing appreciation of Sister Sojourner's faithful work in behalf of the Woman's Missionary Union.

Bro. M. M. Benson reported for the Committee on Sunday Schools that the system of teacher training throughout the Southern Baptist Convention has been marked by most flattering results. The State Board has an able and efficient field worker in Rev. J. D. Moore. The schools of this Association are falling in line and teacher training is being prosecuted within our bounds. The Home Department is reaching a large class. Our Institute at Healing Springs, though not largely attended, was characterized by good and wholesome instruction. We feel, said the committee, that much of the prohibition sentiment is the result of Sunday School work. This report was discussed by Bro. S. P. Hair.

Because of his removal to Georgia, resolutions were passed expressing confidence in Bro. G. W. Garner's Christian character and his efficiency and faithfulness as a minister of Christ. The minutes of the Association do not show that Bro. Garner's removal was the result of his stand for the prohibition cause, but this might have been shown.

Bro. H. J. Snider for the Committee on Temperance recounted the results of strong drink. An amendment in the form of a resolution was adopted as follows:

"Whereas, reliable news has come out that a movement is on foot to try and carry our State for prohibition; therefore be it

"Resolved, That it is the sense of this Association that our lawmakers of this county lend all their efforts to the passage of a straightforward prohibition law."

By a standing vote the delegates almost unanimously stood for prohibition.

The Association not having funds to pay the Colporter, the Executive Committee at the request of the Association met and raised the necessary amount. The

Colporter had sold during the past year 5,683 volumes at an average price of twelve cents per volume, had visited 1,200 homes, and most of the churches, and had preached sixty-eight sermons.

Bro. A. J. Foster for the Committee on Periodicals and Literature recommended the Bible as the Book of all books for study and instruction, the reading of good books offered by our own publications, and the wider reading of The Baptist Courier, the Foreign Mission Journal, the Home Field and the Orphan's Friend.

Bro. A. J. Foster preached the Missionary Sermon from Acts 16:9. A collection amounting to $26.15 was taken.

An interesting and instructive report contributed by Bro. G. W. Garner for the Committee on Foreign Missions appears in the minutes.

The Committee on Obituaries reported the deaths of Rev. Geo. D. Kinard, of Bethel; Bro. J. C. McMillan, of St. John's, a member of our Executive Committee ; Deacon E. M. Cox, of Bamberg; Mrs. Harriet Allen, of Double Pond; Bro. P. W. Sandifer, of Springtown, and Rev. H. W. Cooper.

There being no report on Home Missions, Bro. S. P. Hair was instructed to write one for publication in the minutes. He later read an interesting report which appears in the minutes.

There were two reports from the Committee on Union Meetings, one favoring a division of the Association into two unions, the other favoring three divisions. The latter was adopted.

A list of resident ministers appears in the minutes.

Bro. G. E. Birt for the Committee on Digest of Letters found a general increase in membership and contributions, most of the churches having Woman's Mission Societies and Sunday Schools. Six churches made no report.

Bro. S. P. Hair for the Committee on Beneficiaries lamented that not a single young man of us desired to enter the ministry.

The Treasurer reported $4,504.62 collected during the year.

The Executive Committee : W. M. Jones, M. M. Ben-son, R. R. Johnston, G. W. Boylston, D. O. Hunter and C. M. Edenfield, with the officers of the Association.

The next meeting was appointed to meet at Spring-town, Rev. M. M. Benson to preach the Introductory, and Rev. W. M. Jones, the Missionary, Sermon.

THE FIFTY-THIRD SESSION-1908.

The fifty-third session of the Association met at Springtown. Bro. M. M. Benson preached the Introductory Sermon after which Pastor S. P. Hair made an address of welcome. This was responded to by Rev. J. K. Goode. The Moderator welcomed and introduced as new pastors in the Association Brethren C. H. Turner, J. K. Goode and J. D. Pitts. ,

A few minor changes were made in the Constitution. A vote was taken as to whether the Association should meet on Thursday or Tuesday. The former was decided upon. Other proposed changes were indefinitely postponed.

The action of the Association in regard to electing trustees to the Orangeburg Collegiate Institute was rescinded.

Bro. R. W. Sanders for the Committee on State Missions reported that Barnwell Association with a membership of 4,714 gave to State Missions last year only $740.50. This Association up to October 15, had given this year to State Missions but $447.72. Brethren W. G. Britton and W. M. Jones and W. T. Derieux discussed the report and a collection of $11.61 was taken.

Brethren R. P. Galphin and A. T. Jamison were recognized and welcomed.

Bro. S. P. Hair for the Committee on Home Missions recommended that this Association heartily cooperate in the effort to raise the amount ($27,500) apportioned South Carolina. This report was discussed by J. W. Dyches, S. P. Hair and W. M. Jones. The last named stated that at one time the Williston church had been aided by the Home Board.

Bro. W. M. Jones for the Committee on Union Meetings reported attendance at these meetings as small and the need of better support if they are to be kept alive. He suggested that every church and every pas-tor attend one union meeting and that the churches rotate their membership in attendance as delegates.

Bro. J. A. Jenkins for the Executive Committee re-ported making the apportionment after having received the apportionment from the State Board. The extra apportionment was also made for our colleges. The churches mostly gave in pledges what was asked from them. We sent out, said the committee, quarterly circular post cards asking for the salary of our Colporter. Bro. Britton has received more than in previous years but most of it in the fall. We recommend Bro. Britton's continuance at his present salary, pay-able quarterly. We approve Bro. S. P. Chisolm's application for aid from the Aged Ministers' Relief Board.

The Executive Committee for the ensuing year to consist of M. M. Benson, G. W. Boylston, D. O. Hunter, C. B. Free, C. M. Edenfield and W. M. Jones.

Bro. A. P. Manville for the Committee on Orphanage called attention to the fact that in three counties of the State, Orphanage girls had won Winthrop scholar-ships. He said that the contributions this year had not quite equalled those of last year.

Bro. A. T. Jamison discussed the report. Bro. J. D. Pitts led in prayer for the Orphanage. Pledges of syrup were made.

Bro. S. P. Hair for the Committee on Bible and Col-portage work heartily endorsed the work done, called attention to the new colportage wagon partly the gift of the American Baptist Publication Society, and to the fact that a number of churches had contributed regularly to the support of the Colporter. The Sun-day School Board of the Southern Baptist Convention had donated $25 in books. The committee had found great destitution of religious literature and many homes without a Bible. The committee recommended house to house visiting and that the Executive Committee take into consideration the need for preaching in several destitute places.

The Colporter reported having sold 5,152 books at an average of thirteen cents. He had done more house to house visiting and sold more Bibles than ever be-fore. He had preached seventy sermons and made many addresses. He reported a new colportage wagon, the joint gift of the American Publication Society and the Sunday School Board.

Bro. D. L. Roton for the Committee on Literature endorsed Bro. Britton's work and called attention to the fact that some of our schools have trashy novels. The committee recommended the reading of our denominational journals and the Bible.

Bro. J. D. Pitts reported for the Committee on Beneficiaries that our Association had no ministerial student at Furman but that there were twenty young men needing help.

Bro. W. D. McMillan for the Committee on Aged Ministers' Relief called attention to the effort being made to raise money for a permanent fund. This re-port was read by Bro. J. D. Pitts.

Bro. W. M. Jones for the Committee on Foreign Missions reported that ignorance of this work was worse than a crime. The churches need to give the work a larger place in the year's work.

The report was discussed by Bro. J. D. Pitts.

Bro. R. N. Wilson read the report on Digest of Letters. The committee called attention to the poor manner in which the reports had been made out.

This report was discussed by Brethren W. M. Jones and W. G. Britton.

Bro. M. M. Benson was appointed to write a report on Woman's Work for the minutes. An interesting paper in the minutes was the result.

Bro. W. G. Britton for the Committee on Sunday Schools reported improvement in our Association along all lines of Sunday School work especially along the line of benevolence. Great credit, said the committee, is due Bro. S. P. Hair for getting up a Normal class of fiver one hundred students. This is the largest class in America if not in the world. Our Field Secretary is accomplishing much in the betterment of the Sunday Schools all over the State.

Brethren W. M. Jones and S. P. Hair discussed the report.

Bro. M. M. Benson reported for the Committee on Temperance. He asked, How long, with Georgia and North Carolina both living under prohibition laws, will our county dispensary system insolently display itself.  "There are more dispensaries within the bounds of this Association's territory according to population than in any other section of this State."

Bro. S. P. Hair offered the following resolution which was adopted:

"Resolved, That it is the sense of this body that the man who casts his suffrage for the legal sale of whiskey to be used as a beverage is equally guilty with the man who sells or uses whiskey as a beverage."

Speeches were made by Brethren S. G. Mayfield, W. M. Jones, and R. P. Galphin. On taking a rising vote not more than twenty out of one hundred kept their seats confessing to the use of whiskey as a beverage.

Bro. J. K. Goode for the Committee on Education recommended the financial agents of Furman University and Greenville Female College to the brethren.

Brethren S. G. Mayfield, R. P. Galphin and S. P. Hair spoke on the report.

Bro. J. B. Black for the Committee on Obituaries reported the deaths of Bro. G. N. Askew, long time a minister of the Gospel in our Association and who had served as Moderator of our Association. And also of Sister Rebecca Hair, the mother of two of our ministers.

Bro. W. M. Jones preached on Sunday from Rev. 11:15. A collection of $8.02 was taken and applied to the Colporter's salary.

A further unsuccessful effort to change the Constitution was made.

The Treasurer reported collected during the year $4,095.09.

The next meeting was appointed to meet at Bethel, Rev. W. G. Britton to preach the Introductory, and Rev. J. D. Pitts, the Missionary, Sermon.

THE FIFTY-FOURTH SESSION-1909.

This session of the Association met with the Bethel church.

Bro. J. D. Moore by request of the appointee preached the Introductory Sermon.

Both Dr. J. B. Black and Bro. R. M. Mixson were nominated for Moderator. Dr. Black was elected.

Brethren W. G. Britton and S. P. Hair were nominated for Clerk. Bro. S. P. Hair was elected.

Bro. J. A. Jenkins was elected Treasurer again with-out opposition.

Bro. A. J. S. Thomas spoke in behalf of The Baptist Courier.

Bro. Britton called attention to the books carried by him as Colporter.

Ehrhardt church was received into the Association.

Bro. W. M. Jones for the Committee on State Missions reported the Board burdened by a debt of $7,000. He said the work had been economically carried on and that this Association had never done for this work what it should have done.

Rev. J. D. Moore made a strong plea for a liberal support of State Missions.

Dr. Thomas brought greetings from Dr. T. M. Bailey to the Association.

Rev. A. J. Nielsen made an earnest plea for an adequate building for Cannon Street church, Charleston.

Bro. W. M. Jones for the Executive Committee re-ported that Bro. Britton had resigned as a member of the committee and Bro. Benson had removed from the Association. These vacancies had been filled by Brethren R. R. Johnston and O. J. Frier. The State Mission Board had been asked to pay $200 on the Col-porter's salary and to give $50 each to Columbia and Binnackers, to be supplied by the Colporter. Pastors Pitts, Jones and Goode were made a committee to arrange the programs for union meetings.

Blank forms for the minutes were distributed among the churches.

Bro. Britton had made good reports of his work. The pastor at Bamberg had called attention to the need of missionary work among the mill people.

The committee recommended the schedule of collections issued by the State Board in so far as it did not conflict with our associational work. The committee also recommended the State Board to give $200 to the Ehrhardt church provided their choice of a pastor should be approved by the Executive Committee.

Dr. S. A. Smith spoke of the claims of the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. Dr. A. J. S. Thomas made a further plea.

At the suggestion of Bro. W. M. Jones, Bro. A. J. S. Thomas led in prayer for ministers and missionaries from this Association.

Chairman J. B. Black for the Committee on Col-portage commended the work of the Colporter. Col-porter W. G. Britton reported having sold 5,400 volumes at an average price of near thirteen cents. He sold 382 copies of Scripture, donated as many Bibles as he could afford from his own pocket, and made as many visits as one man with one horse could. Our people, said he, desire good literature for their children but do not care for denominational literature as they ought.

Bro. Britton also made the report for the Committee on Periodicals and Literature. He said that wherever we find the greatest number of subscriptions to our denominational papers we find the greatest church activity. He recommended The Baptist Courier, the Foreign Mission Journal, and the Home Field to all contributors to the various boards. He said that the Bible ought to be in the hands of every one professing the name of Jesus, and that parents should see that none but clean books are placed in the hands of their children. Brethren A. J. S. Thomas and S. A. Smith made addresses. The reports were further discussed by Bro. S. P. Hair. The Treasurer was instructed to pay to the Colporter $8 for the Bibles donated. Bro. S. P. Hair was asked to secure from the American Baptist Publication Society a gift of Bibles for free distribution.

Bro. Britton read the report on Orphanage pre-pared by Bro. J. K. Goode. This report recommended on account of urgent need of funds for current expenses, that every church put forth its best effort, and every Sunday School be urged to devote the collection on one Sunday in each month to the Orphanage. The report was discussed by Rev. A. T. Rogers. Pledges of more than eleven barrels of syrup were made by the churches.

In the absence of a report on Education, Dr. E. M. Poteat made an address. Further remarks on education were made by Brethren W. M. Jones and S. P. Hair.

Bro. W. M. Jones made a report on the Religious State of the Churches.

Bro. M. M. Benson for the Committee on Woman's Work expressed deep grief at the recent illness of our most efficient leader in the Woman's Work of this Association. The contributions for the year had fallen short. The committee was sure that this would not have happened had Mrs. Sojourner remained in health. A special prayer in behalf of Sister Sojourner was offered by Bro. A. J. S. Thomas. Later in the session, Bro. Britton read a letter from Sister _Sojourner. The Clerk was requested to reply in behalf of the Association.

Rev. T. V. McCaul was given ten minutes to speak of the work at Clemson College.

Bro. S. P. Hair was asked to prepare a report on Home Missions for the minutes. He spoke on the subject, took subscriptions for the Home Field and distributed tracts. His interesting paper on Home Missions appears in the minutes.

Bro. D. L. Roton for the Committee on Aged Ministers' Relief reported the investment fund as having reached $6,000, which is safely invested at eight per cent. This report was discussed by Bro. O. J. Frier.

Bro. W. G. Britton for the Committee on Digest of Letters reported the churches in excellent working condition, there being a large general increase in contributions for missions and all benevolent purposes. This report was discussed by Brethren W. H. Simpson and O. J. Frier.

Bro. S. P. Hair reported for the Committee on Sun-day Schools that many teachers are without special equipment for their work, although teacher training is being prosecuted within our bounds. The Convention Normal Course was introduced five years ago. More than two hundred have taken one or more books of the course. The class at our last Convention numbered seventy. A few of our churches are providing separate class rooms. In 1904 our Sunday Schools gave two cents per capita for Foreign Missions, this year they gave five cents. The committee made recommendations looking towards the continuance of the work being done.

Bro. J. D. Pitts reported for the Committee on Foreign Missions. His interesting and instructive report says : "At the Convention in Louisville, in May, South Carolina Baptists were reported as contributing $40,-000 to the Foreign Mission Board. Of this amount the Barnwell Association gave $916." The report was discussed by Brethren W. G. Britton, O. J. Frier and S. P. Hair.

Bro. C. H. Turner for the Committee on Temperance reported that fifteen wet counties have voted out whiskey since last we met, among them Barnwell and Bamberg. We recommend, said the committee, that we urge our senators and representatives to work for State-wide prohibition.

Sunday's collection was designated to State Missions.

The Executive Committee was instructed to investigate the needs of Ashleigh church and make recommendations to the State Mission Board.

The Executive Committee for the ensuing year was made to consist of R. R. Johnston, G. W. Boylston, C. B. Free, W. M. Jones, W. I. Johns and J. B. Arm-strong.

The Treasurer's report shows collections to the amount of $5,540.86.

The next meeting was appointed to meet at St. John's, the Introductory. Sermon to - be preached by Bro. B. F. Allen and the Missionary Sermon by Bro. O. J. Frier.

THE FIFTY-FIFTH SESSION-1910.

This session of the Association was held with the St. John's church on Tuesday, October 18, 1910. The appointee being absent, Bro. E. A. McDowell preached the Introductory Sermon.

Moderator J. B. Black and Treasurer J. A. Jenkins were re-elected and Bro. W. G. Britton was elected Clerk.

Bethany church was received into the Association. Bro. E. A. McDowell addressed the Association in the interests of The Baptist Courier.

Bro. W. G. Britton for the Committee on State Missions characterized this work as the foundation of all other missionary enterprises, it being first hand witnessing for Christ. He spoke of the State Board's great work in mill towns and sparsely settled districts. The work of the Colporter and of the Sunday School Field Secretary are important branches of the work. The Board employs 132 missionaries. The Barnwell Association has been apportioned $1,000 of the $40,-000 advised by the State Board to be raised in the State. This Association has raised up to this time $713.32. This year the State Board has appropriated $525 to this Association so that we have given little more than we have received. Bro. W. T. Derieux discussed the report.

Bro. B. F. Allen reported on Home Missions. His interesting report shows the responsibility of the work. The Barnwell Association was apportioned $671.50 of the $25,000 asked of the State. Bro. V. I. Masters also spoke on Home Missions.

Bro. E. P. Easterling, representing Furman University and Greenville Female College, was recognized.

Bro. R. M. Mixson for the Committee on Woman's Work reported great loss to the work in the death of Sister Sojourner, the most efficient leader of this work. The new leader, he said, is a woman full of faith and good works. He urged the pastors to come to the help of Sister Jessie Willis. A letter from Sister Jessie Willis was read. In this letter she complained of her inability to get in touch with ten of the thirty-three societies on the roll, although she had written to the leaders of these societies and to the pastors and officers of the churches. The report and letter were discussed by Brethren J. K. Goode, F. M. Hauser, and W. G. Britton. One brother remarked that Sister Jessie Willis, had at least stirred the brethren up.

Bro. J. K. Goode reported for the Committee on Col-portage. He deplored that the churches had been slow in paying the Colporter's salary. The committee thought the Colporter's work could hardly be over-estimated. The Colporter reported 5,589 volumes sold at an average price of not quite eleven cents. He had preached 54 sermons and made 2,600 visits. He had preached monthly at two mission stations. He recommended that Columbia be abolished and Binnackers be continued. He had given away copies of the Scripture to the value of $3.60. This the Treasurer was ordered to pay. The following brethren spoke on Colportage: J. K. Goode, R. W. Sanders and O. J. Frier.

Bro. S. G. Mayfield reported on Education. He called to mind that this Association had no school directly under its control. He spoke of the improvements at Furman University and Greenville Female College, and called attention to Limestone and Coker Colleges. He spoke of the work of the public schools and the enrollment in them and said : "With this great increase in the expenditures of money and the very large enrollment in the public schools and in our colleges, great watchfulness on the part of the Baptist denomination should be shown in safeguarding the education of the youths of our land, and to see to it that wholesome laws are enacted for the education of the youth of this State by bringing the right pressure upon legislators, and at the same time wholesome religious teachings should be carried on in our public schools." He spoke of the unequal advantages given white and Negro children and said, "We urge the Christian people of the Baptist denomination and the State at large to take more interest in the education of the Negroes among us and to guide them in their spiritual, educational and industrial development." This report was discussed by Brethren O. J. Frier, R. W. Sanders and E. P. Easterling.

The Constitution was amended so as to include in the membership of this Association only those ministers "who reside in the bounds of this Association." All pastors in the Association had been members ex officio.

Bro. S. G. Mayfield read the report on Digest of Letters. Four churches have preaching every Sunday, seven twice each month, and twelve once each month; seventeen have regularly organized Sunday Schools, three have no Sunday Schools ; ninety persons have been added to the church membership by baptism, and twenty-nine have died, the present church membership being 4,416.

Bro. J. D. Pitts reported for the Committee on Aged Ministers' Relief. He said that the conditions of the minister's life make it impossible for him to lay up any-thing. "We most heartily plead for this great and beautiful charity and sincerely hope it may find a larger place in our hearts."

Bro. J. D. Pitts read the report on Obituaries. All names but those of preachers, their wives and of deacons were eliminated. The following deaths had occurred: Sister Julia G. Rice, widow of our late brother, W. D. Rice; W. R. Owens, deacon of Cypress Chap-el; J. D. Williams, deacon of Springtown; L. Hiers, deacon of Olar; L. L. Lancaster, deacon of George's Creek.

Bro. J. E. Freeman reported the union meetings as well attended, interesting, and helpful.

Bro. O. J. Frier reported for the Executive Commit-tee. Some confusion had been caused by the delay in getting out the minutes incident to the removal of the Clerk, Rev. S. P. Hair, from the Association.

Bro. W. G. Britton had been again employed as Col-porter at a salary of $600 exclusive of profits on books sold by him. The State Board had paid $200 of this amount, and had also paid $50 for pastoral supply to each Columbia and Binnackers. The State Board had paid $200 on pastor's salary at Ehrhardt and $25 at Seven Pines. Ashleigh wanted help but the request came too late. The Executive Committee for the en-suing year : R. R. Johnston, G. W. Boylston, C. B. Free, W. M. Jones, J. B. Armstrong, D. H. Rice and D. O. Hunter.

There being no report on Periodicals, the subject was discussed by Brethren W. G. Britton and J. D. Pitts. The Baptist Courier, Foreign Mission Journal and Home Field were strongly commended.

Bro. O. J. Frier was requested to prepare a report on Sunday Schools for publication. The subject was discussed by Brethren B. F. Allen, W. C. Baxley, 0. J. Frier and J. E. Freeman. Bro. Frier's report appears in the minutes. He called attention to the growing intimacy of relationship between the churches and their schools, the churches now approving the officers elected by the schools. He commended the work of the Sun-day School Convention. He stated that twenty-four schools were represented at the recent Convention whereas only twenty were represented the year previous. The past year the schools reported contributing $572.96 to benevolent objects whereas the previous year they reported $271.91.

By resolution offered by Bro. J. K. Goode, Sister Clara L. Johnston was requested to write a history of the Barnwell Baptist Association, to be read at the next session of the Association and to be printed in the minutes.

Bro. S. G. Mayfield reported on the Orphanage. Pledges of more than fourteen barrels of syrup and other produce were made.

In Bro. O. J. Frier's report on Foreign Missions appears this startling statement : "Nearly half of our churches in the South, about one-fourth in our State and a few in our Association are not reported as giving anything to this cause last year. Instead of leading other denominations in average per capita contributions we stand at the bottom of the list with twenty-two cents per member, while the Methodists next above us average forty-three cents per member. Brethren J. D. Pitts, J. K. Goode, and D. B. Grosecloss of the Lutheran church, made addresses.

Bro. O. J. Frier preached the Missionary Sermon from the theme, "What excuses will we render at the judgment for what we do for world-wide evangelization."

Bro. W. C. Baxley reported on Temperance after which the following resolution was passed:

"Resolved, That the Barnwell Association assembled hereby express our condemnation of the manner in which the officers of the law are lacking in the enforcement of the prohibition law. We call upon town councils, sheriffs, magistrates and constables to enforce the law."

The Treasurer reported $7,317.46 collected during the year.

The next meeting was appointed to meet at Ghent's Branch on Tuesday before the fourth Sunday in October, 1911, the Introductory Sermon to be dispensed with, and the Missionary Sermon to be preached on Wednesday by Rev. J. E. Freeman.

THE FIFTY-SIXTH SESSION-1911.

This meeting was held with the Ghent's Branch church. Rev. W. M. Jones was requested to preach the Introductory Sermon. He preached on "The Final Judgment."

The former officers were re-elected, and Bro. S. G. Mayfield was made Vice Moderator.

Bro. Mayfield made an address of welcome which was responded to by Bro. J. K. Goode.

Visiting brethren : E. P. Easterling, W. T. Derieux, Z. T. Cody, C. C. Brown, A. T. Jamison and J. R. Brown and E. T. Snuggs, of Canton, China, were re-cognized and introduced.

Dr. Z. T. Cody spoke on The Baptist Courier and denominational literature.

Sycamore church was received into the body.

Dr. J. D. Pitts' admirable report on Education appears in the minutes. Dr. Pitts was not present. His report is a plea for religious education. Brethren E. P. Easterling, Z. T. Cody and E. T. Snuggs spoke on the subject.

Bro. R. W. Sanders for the Committee on Colportage asked, "What readest thou?" The Colporter's books, said he, are selected, bought and sold with a view to the salvation, elevation and sanctification of his readers. The Colporter takes good books to the people and urges them to buy. We are glad there is an efficient Colporter within the bounds of the Barnwell Association.

Bro. W. G. Britton reported this the close of his twenty-first year's work as Colporter. During the past year he sold 4,881 volumes at an average price of near-ly seventeen cents. He sold 298 copies of Scripture; nearly 600 song books, besides a large number of doctrinal books. He preached seventy-four sermons, visited nearly 2,000 homes. He preached once each month at Binnacker's. He donated Scriptures to the value of $3.80. Bro. W. T. Derieux spoke on the report.

Bro. Geo. Hopkins reported Woman's Work in the Barnwell Association as growing financially and numerically. There were twenty-three active societies with a membership of about 360. . Three quarterly meetings and one annual meeting were held during the year. Many societies went beyond their apportionment. Last year twenty-two societies contributed $1,565.57.

The women, through Mrs. T. G: Phillips, Superintendent of Woman's Mission Union work, asked that the minutes of the W. M. U. be published along with and as a part of the minutes of this Association. The women promised to pay a proportionate share of the cost of the minutes. They said, "The Woman's Missionary Union is composed of women doing Christian work for and through your Association. The members of this Union are members of the several churches of this Association." The petition was granted and the Constitution, By-Laws and other interesting information appears in the minutes. Sisters T. J. Phillips, O. J. Frier and S. G. Mayfield, delegates from the W. M. U., were recognized by the Association and introduced. This is the first time in the history of the Association that women have been seated as members of the body.

Bro. O. J. Frier reported for the Committee on State Missions that we had been asked to raise $1,200 of the $40,000 to be raised in the State. The apportionment had not yet been met. The fifth Sundays were suggested as State Mission rally days. The report was discussed by W. T. Derieux and C. C. Brown. A collection of $20.60 was taken for the State Board's Church Building Fund.

Bro. J. K. Goode's excellent report for the Commit-tee on Foreign Missions shows the magnitude of the work. The total receipts, said he, for the year were $510,008.97. An accumulated debt of $89,600 hangs over the work. Our apportionment for the year is $1,800. Brethren W. M. Jones and E. T. Snuggs spoke to the report.

Bro. Z. T. Cody preached a masterly Missionary Sermon from Rom. 1:14.

A Committee on Laymen's Movement was appointed to report next year.

Bro. Britton for the Committee on Aged Ministers' Relief said that to drive the preacher hard through the years, consuming all the vigor of his manhood, makes it a binding duty upon the churches to take care of him when left helpless in old age. The Board at Sumter is extending aid to 51 beneficiaries at a cost of $5,000 per annum. Bro. C. C. Brown discussed the report.

In Bro. B. F. Allen's report for the Committee on Orphanage we find that 230 children are on the Orphan-age roll, nine of them from Barnwell Association. This Association stands seventh among the associations in the State in contributing to this particular object. The committee requested the Sunday Schools to observe Orphanage Work Day, and give at least the collection of one Sunday each month to this object. Bro. A. T. Jamison spoke to the report. Syrup and other provisions were pledged.

Bro. J. K. Goode made some remarks on the conditions existing in some of our churches with regard to calling a pastor. He was followed by Brethren W. M. Jones and E. A. McDowell. There was a feeling that short pastorates do not conduce to the spirituality of the brethren, that some of the churches do not play fair with their pastors, and that some pastors do not deal squarely with other pastors. Bro. S. G. Mayfield made an address regarding the relation between the pastor and his people.

Bro. J. K. Goode for the Committee on Obituaries reported the death of Deacons E. M. Cope, B. T. Rice, J. J. Simmons, W. F. Rice, R. C. Kirkland and of Mrs. Bolen, wife of Rev. P. A. Bolen.

Bro. S. G. Mayfield reported on Sunday Schools. Out of thirty-six churches, twenty-seven had Sunday Schools with a total enrollment of 1,519 pupils. The report of the Superintendent of Education shows 4,-186 children enrolled in the day schools of Barnwell and Bamberg counties. The committee called attention to the evident neglect in gathering the children into the Sunday Schools. The report was discussed by Brethren O. J. Frier and W. G. Britton.

After much discussion of the system of union meetings it was decided to let Bro. Jones try the plan of dividing the Association into two unions.

The following brethren were appointed a committee to read and criticise the history of the Association being written by Miss Clara L. Johnston: Brethren J. A. Jenkins, G. W. Bolyston and J. K. Goode.

Bro. W. M. Jones for the Committee on Home Missions defined Home Missions as the philosophy of making real a Christian civilization in America. His re-port is exceedingly interesting. It was discussed by Bro. B. F. Allen.

Bro. Mayfield made a stirring speech on Temperance showing how the temperance movement had grown in our Association. It rests now, he said, with the Christian denominations to say whether we shall have prohibition or a return to the sale of liquor. Bro. Mayfield was asked to incorporate his speech into a report which was printed in the minutes. Brethren J. A. Hunter, O. J. Frier and J. D. Pitts spoke on the subject.

The Committee on Digest of Letters reported seven churches as having preaching every Sunday; seven, twice each month; and eighteen, once each month. Twenty-seven churches had regularly organized Sun-day Schools and six had no Sunday School. Two hundred and six persons had been added to the churches by baptism, sixty-one had died. Twenty-two churches had Woman's Mission Societies. The church membership at present is 4,045.

Bro. G. W. Boylston, Chairman of the Executive Committee, reported the employment of Bro. Britton as Colporter at a salary of $650 exclusive of profits on books. The State Board had been asked to pay $250 of this, and to pay Bro. Britton $50 for preaching monthly at Binnacker's, to supplement the pastor's salary at Ehrhardt $150, at Bethany $75, and at Seven Pines $25. The amounts asked for by the various benevolent objects were apportioned among the churches and sent to the clerks as soon as possible.

A substitute for the Constitution was proposed and appears in the minutes.

The Treasurer reported $7,261.61 collected for benevolent purposes during the year.

The next meeting was appointed to meet at Ehrhardt, Bro. J. D. Pitts to preach the Introductory, and Bro. T. G. Phillips, the Missionary, Sermon

It is fitting to record here the death in Cheraw, S. C., in July, of Rev. Lewis H. Shuck, D. D., at one time Moderator of this Association, and to whom is due ourgratitude for preserving in his history of the Barnwell Association facts that would otherwise have been lost beyond recall.

THE FIFTY-SEVENTH SESSION-1912.

This session was held with the Ehrhardt church. In the appointee's absence, Rev. W. R. McMillan preached the Introductory Sermon.

Dr. Black was re-elected Moderator, Brother G. W. Boylston was made Vice Moderator and Bro. W. E. Free, Clerk. Bro. J. A. Jenkins was re-elected Treasurer.

The following brethren were recognized and welcomed: Dr. R. W. Lide, Foreign Mission Board; J. E. McManaway, Home Mission Board; J. W. Guy, State Mission Board, and W. R. Smith, The Baptist Courier. Revs. Whitaker and C. E. Walker of the Methodist church, were invited and welcomed to seats in the Association.

Brethren J. C. Collum, D. W. Heckle and W. R. McMillan were introduced as new pastors.

Rev. E. A. McDowell made an address of welcome to which Dr. J. B. Black responded.

Rev. Paul Bolen reported for the Committee on Aged Ministers' Relief. The report was discussed by Brethren W. R. McMillan and W. R. Smith.

Brother A. I. McLemore read the report for the Committee on Religious Periodicals and Literature. It was discussed by Bro. W. R. Smith.

Rev. W. G. Britton for the Committee on Union Meetings reported that the plan of having two divisions and meeting on Friday had been a failure. Three divisions and meeting on Saturday was recommended and adopted.

Dr. R. W. Lide addressed the Association on Foreign Missions. At the close of his address, Rev. R. P. Galphin in a few words impressed Dr. Lide's message by showing that in giving his daughters to be missionaries, Dr. Lide had given more than all. This Association has a special interest in Dr. Lide's daughters as missionaries since the older one, Miss Janie Lide, was baptized into the membership of the Barnwell church during Dr. Lide's pastorate there.

Dr. W. M. Jones in his report on Foreign Missions says we are responsible to Foreign Missions in so far as we give or fail to give of our means and prayers, our contributions showing that we have not laid the matter to heart. Dr. Jones was appointed by the Moderator as Associational Vice President of the Foreign Mission Board.

The church at Hilda was received into the body.

Rev. W. H. Simpson reported for the Committee on Sunday Schools. He urged more study and better attendance on the part of church members. Rev. D. W. Heckle discussed the report.

On Tuesday evening Dr. Lide preached on the subject of prayer.

Rev. W. R. McMillan reported that the Laymen's Movement is a Movement by business men of evangelical denominations, begun in 1906, to evangelize the world in twenty-five years.: Brethren J. B. Black, G. W. Boylston and R. W. Lide discussed the subject.

Rev. W. G. Britton read the report written by Dr. J. D. Pitts for the Committee on Temperance. Dr. Pitts gave eight reasons why the traffic in liquors should be prohibited, and recommended that proper means be taken to have, a State-wide prohibition law enacted.

There was a strong der current of feeling through-out this meeting-a feeling that some men in leading church positions had affiliated with rotten politicians.

Rev. Geo. Hopkins reported for the Committee on Colportage that great good had been done in the way of developing our denominational life through the efficient service of Bro. Britton.

Bro. Britton reported a greater number of books sold, many being Bibles and Testaments. He had helped ordain seven deacons, had preached about seventy sermons, and had traveled about 6,000 miles, visiting some 2,500 homes.

Rev. W. L. Hayes made an excellent and comprehensive report for the Committee on Home Missions. He recommended the literature of the Board for the information of the churches. Rev. J. E. McManaway spoke on the subject.

Rev. J. C. Collum reported for the committee appointed to read and criticise the history of the Barn-well Association written by Miss Clara L. Johnston. The committee recommended the publication of this history in pamphlet form to be handled by the Col-porter. The subject was discussed by Brethren J. A. Jenkins, W. G. Britton, E. A. McDowell and Sister Johnston.

Bro. J. A. Jenkins repotted G.. W. Boylston as chairman of the Executive Committee. He also re-ported the employment of Bro. Britton as Colporter at a salary of $700, of which the State Board would pay $300. The State Board also gave $200 to supplement the pastor's salary at Ehrhardt, and $50 to Seven Pines. The amounts asked for by the various objects of associational aid had been apportioned among the churches.

Bro. J. E. McMillan had been appointed to fill the place made vacant by the death of Capt. D. H. Rice, an earnest member of the committee. Rev. J. K. Goode had removed from the Association.

The Executive Committee for the ensuing year: R. R. Johnston, C. B. Free, W. M. Jones, D. O. Hunter, G. W. Boylston, J. E. McMillan, with the Moderator, Clerk and Treasurer.

Rev. W. R. McMillan made an excellent report for the Committee on State Missions. The report was discussed by Rev. J. W. Guy.

Rev. J. C. Collum, chairman of the Committee on Education, showed clearly the relation between knowing and doing, and the need of complete education. He commended the Baptist schools. The report was discussed by Dr. Hall of Coker College, and Revs. W. L. Hayes, R. P. Galphin, and W. R. McMillan.

Rev. W. G. Britton read the report for the Committee on Digest of Letters. Thirty-six out of forty churches reported. Six had preaching every Sunday, nine, twice each month, and twenty, once each month. Twenty-six had regularly organized Sunday Schools and ten had no Sunday School. The church membership numbered 4,420. Two hundred and seven members had been added in the past year by baptism, thirty-seven had died. Twenty-three churches had a Woman's Mission Society and four had a B. Y. P. U. Brethren J. A. Jenkins and J. C. Collum discussed the report. The churches which had neglected to send up a. report were allowed "another week in which to do so.

There being no report on Woman's Work, the subject was discussed by Brethren J. C. Collum, R. P. Galphin, W. G. Britton, E. A. McDowell and Sister Clara Johnston. . `

The subject of Beneficiaries was discussed by Brethren Britton, R. P. Galphin, E. A. McDowell, J. C. Collum and Dr. Hall. Rev. W. R. McMillan was asked to write a report for the minutes. He deplored that although the Barnwell Association had contributed $222 to this object during the last year, this Association had not had a ministerial student for twelve years.

The report on Orphanage was read by Rev. E. A. McDowell. This report explaining why the Orphan-age should be supported, is excellent. Rev. R. P. Galphin followed in a ringing speech in which he said if he envied any one, he envied Supt. Jamison's opportunity to train children. About seven barrels of 'syrup and other provisions were pledged.

The Missionary Sermon was preached by Rev. W. L. Hayes from Gen. 4:9.

Rev. W. G. Britton read the report on Obituaries. Bro. John Sandifer, pastor of Reedy Branch church, a pious, earnest man, had died at his home in Orange-burg County. Deacon D. H. Rice, of Springtown, a genial, high toned man and a useful member of the Executive Committee; Deacon Buist Sandifer, of Ghent's Branch, a consecrated and earnest man, and Deacon Isaac H. Hutto, of Double Pond, a recognized leader in his church and community, had died.

The Association resolved to begin a fund to mark the grave of Rev. Luther Rice, a pioneer missionary, buried in Edgefield County.

The Treasurer's report shows $6,046.63 collected from all sources.

After a few words from the Moderator, "God be With you Till we Meet Again" was sung and the parting hand given.

The next meeting to be at Joyce Branch, Tuesday before the fourth Sunday in October, 1913, Bro. W. L. Hayes to preach the Introductory, and Bro. E. A. Mc-Dowell, the Missionary, Sermon.

THE FIFTY-EIGHTH SESSION-1913.

This session was held with the Joyce Branch church, October 21-23. Rev. W. L. Hayes preached the Introductory Sermon from Acts 27:23.

Dr. J. B. Black was re-elected Moderator and Bro. J. A. Jenkins Treasurer. Bro. R. R. Johnston was made Vice Moderator and Rev. W. G. Britton, Clerk.

The following visiting brethren were recognized : J. C. Keys, Baptist Courier; V. I. Masters, Home Missions ; J. D. Chapman, G. F. C.; W. J. Nelson, and W. J. Langston.

The following new pastors were introduced: J. R. Cullum and J. M. Kneece.

Rev. J. M. Kneece, pastor of Joyce Branch, made an address of welcome to which Rev. J. D. Huggins responded.

There being no report on Education, Rev. J. D. Hug-gins discussed the subject. He wrote an interesting re-port which was later discussed and appears in the minutes. Dr. Chapman spoke for G. F. C. The Sunday Schools were asked to take a collection in December for G. F. C.

Rev. W. G. Britton reported for the Committee on Beneficiaries that for several years no young man of this Association has offered himself for the ministry. Brethren W. M. Jones, J. C. Keys and E. A. McDowell discussed the subject.

An instructive report on Woman's Work was read by Rev. E. A. McDowell. He mentions the coming year as the quarter centennial of W. M. U. work in the South. In 1912-'13 the women of Barnwell Association gave $1,196.49 of the $34,087 given by the women of South Carolina. The committee offered. a place in the Association minutes for the publication of an annual minute of the W. M. U. meeting of this Association. Bro. J. A. Jenkins discussed the report. In the appended minutes the name of Mrs. W. D. Rice appears as Superintendent of W. M. U. work in this Association.

Bro. J. D. Huggins discussed the Aged Ministers' Relief Board. Rev. D. W. Heckle was asked to write a report for publication in the minutes. He did so, showing the growth of the work.

Rev. Geo. Hopkins reported for the Committee on Periodicals and Literature. He gave names and ad-dresses of helpful periodicals. Bro. J. C. Keys spoke to the report.

Dr. Langston upon request discussed State Missions. The support of State Missions was desired by the Association. Rev. W. R. McMillan was asked to forward a report to the Clerk for publication in the minutes. It does not appear.

Rev. J. D. Huggins offered a resolution which was adopted that a special campaign be made to lead the churches to lay by in .store for the necessities of the saints and not to wait until the last minute to make contributions.

Bro. J. A. Jenkins reported for the Executive Committee, G. W. Boylston, Chairman, and W. E. Free, Secretary. Bro. Britton had been continued as Col-porter and general missionary, the Association to pay $400 and the State Board $300 of his salary. The State Board had given $175 to Ehrhardt and $50 to Hilda on pastor's salary. Bro. S. P. Chisolm had been made a beneficiary of the Aged Ministers' Relief Board. The apportionment was made as usual among the churches.

Thee Executive Committee for the ensuing year to consist' of R. R. Johnston, C. B. Free, W. M. Jones, D. O. Hunter, G. W. Boylston, J. E. McMillan and J. $. Armstrong with the Moderator and Treasurer.

Rev. W. G. Britton reported estimates for printing the History of the Barnwell Association and Bro. J. C. Keys made a proposition to the Association. Steps were taken towards its publication under motions submitted by Brethren J. K. Snelling and E. A. McDowell. Mrs. Clara L. Johnston Hitt was asked to include the history of the past two years in her manuscript.

Rev. W. M. Jones reported on Home Missions. His comprehensive report shows how great is our own need.

Rev. E. A. McDowell preached the Missionary Sermon from Matt. 14:16.

Bro. D. O. Hunter reported for the Committee on Digest of Letters that only seventeen of the forty-one .churches had sent up letters and therefore the work could not be satisfactorily done.

Foreign Missions was discussed by Brethren W. L. Hayes, W. J. Nelson and Dr. Chapman. Rev. W. L. Hayes was asked to prepare a report for the minutes. His interesting report calls attention to this being the centennial year of the going out of Adoniram Judson, the first American missionary to foreign lands.

Rev. Geo. Hopkins reported that Colportage Work in our Association had passed the experimental stage, every one being familiar with the good results accomplished by our Colporter.

Colporter W. G.. Britton presented his twenty-third annual report. He had been sick and had not visited as much as usual. He had sold more than 300 copies of Scriptures and nearly 800 volumes at an average price of more than ten cents per volume. He presented bill for Scriptures donated, and stationery amounting to $5. Rev. V. I. Masters spoke on Colportage.

Bro. A. I. McLemore reported on Sunday Schools, regretting the apathy of church members and calling attention to the need of better teachers and equipment. He noted an increase in the number of schools and in contributions.

There being no report on the Religious State of the Churches Bro. W. T. Cave was asked to write one for publication. It does not appear. The subject was discussed by Brethren V. I. Masters, W. G. Britton, W. L. Hayes, J. B. Black, E. A. McDowell and Dr. Langston.

There being no report on Union Meetings the subject was discussed and Rev. E. A. McDowell was requested to write a report for publication. It does not appear in the minutes. The division of the Association into union meeting divisions was left to the Executive Committee.

There was no report on Orphanage. Rev. W. L. Hayes was asked to write a report for the minutes. He did so. Syrup and other provisions were pledged to the Orphanage.

Rev. W. L. Hayes reported on Temperance. His report is clear and logical condemning together the drunkard, the seller of liquor and the voter who made it lawful to sell liquor, for profit or benefit of any sort. Bro. G. E. Birt and Dr. Langston discussed the report.

Bro. W. J. Nelson was given twenty minutes to speak of the church building to be erected at Rock Hill in the interest of Baptist girls at Winthrop College.

The Committee on Obituaries reported the deaths of Revs. R. P. Galphin and S. P. Chisolm and of Deacons W. M. Steedly, of Hunter's Chapel, and W. S. Mims, of Healing Springs. Rev. R. P. Galphin was the writer's pastor at the time of his death. He was a man of deep intellect, broad sympathies and great nobleness of character.

The Treasurer reputed collected during the year $6,881.59.

Parting remarks were made by Dr. Chapman and Moderator Black.

After the song "Blest be the Tie" and the parting hand the Association adjourned with prayer by Rev.. W. Britton to meet at Williston on Thursday before the fourth Sunday in October, 1914. The Introductory Sermon to be preached by Rev. E. A. McDowell and the Missionary Sermon by Rev. D. W. Heckle.

It has been a question as to what place the reports should occupy in the history of the Association. They have furnished food for thought and have been instrumental in stimulating further effort among the brethren. Where they have seemed a repetition of former years they have been shortened but an effort has been made to record each new thought. In the beginning all reports were brought before the Association and became a part of the work. In the minutes of the last meeting a large number of reports were written by men delegated to write them for the minutes. These reports did not come before the body at all.

SUMMARY

The Barnwell .Baptist Association was organized in 1856. A preliminary meeting was held at Friendship. church on Saturday before the fifth Sunday in August. The first regular meeting was held on Saturday before the first Sunday in December, 1856, at Springtown.

The Association has been held at the following places :

Springtown 1856, 1867, 1908

Great Saltketcher 1857, 1864, 1879, 1890

Rosemary 1858, 1873, 1888, 1904

Double Pond 1859,1895

Long Branch 1860, 1878

Healing Springs 1861, 1872, 1893

Philadelphia 1862

Mount Olivet 1863

Blackville 1865, 1883, 1901

Williston 1866, 1880, 1894

Friendship, the convention in 1856, 1863, 1905

Bethel 1869

Allen's Chapel 1870,1884

St. John's 1871, 1887, 1899, 1910

Joyce's Branch 1874,1913

Hunter's Chapel 1876,1886

Denmark (Old Graham's) 1876, 1889, 1906

Ghent's Branch 1877, 1911

Bamberg 1881,1900

Barnwell 1882, 1898

Cypress Chapel 1885

Bethesda 1891

Mt. Arnon 1892,1907

Elko 1896

Fairmount 1897

Mt. Calvary

George's Creek '1903

Ehrhardt 1912

At the time of the organization in 1856 the following churches were represented, having been regularly dismissed from the Savannah River Association for that purpose : Columbian Great- Saltketcher, Springtown, Rosemary, Philadelphia, St. John's, Bethesda, friendship, (Ghent's Branch, Long Branch, Mount Olivet, and Bethel. Double Pond from. the Edisto Association, and Mt. Calvary, but recently organized, also joined in the organization.

Since that time the following churches have been received and dismissed :

In 1868 Brier Creek and Healing Springs were received.

In 1859 Blackville was received.

In 1860 Williston was received.

In 1861 Allen's Chapel was received.

In 1862 Mt. Pleasant was received.

In 1866 Canaan was received.

In 1867 Seven Pines was admitted, and Brier Creek stricken from the roll.

In 1868 Columbia was stricken from the roll.

In 1869 Hickory Grove was received.

In 1870 Hunter's Chapel and Joyce Branch were received.

In 1871 Graham's (formerly Cedar Springs of Edisto Association) was received. In 1899 it appears on two rolls - on one as Graham's and on the other as Denmark.

In 1872 Spring Branch, Pleasant Mountain and Bamberg were received.

In 1873 Treadway was received.

In 1874 Reedy Branch was received.

In 1874 Canaan and Mt. Pleasant were erased from the roll, these churches having become disorganized and no more in existence.

In 1875 Elko, Edisto, Mt. Tabor, and Barnwell were received. I

n 1876 George's Creek was received.

In 1877 Midway and Cypress Chapel were admitted.

In 1878 Mt. Tabor asked for a letter of dismissal to unite with the Charleston Association.

In 1879 Mt. Anion was received.

In 1881 Harmony and Willow Swamp were received.

In 1882 Fairmount was received and Willow Swamp asked for a letter to go to the Orangeburg Association.

In 1884 Ashleigh was received, and Harmony asked for a letter of dismissal to unite with the Savannah River Association.

In 1886 Pleasant Maintain asked for a letter to unite with the Savannah-River Association.

In 1887 Treadway asked .for a lettcr to unite with the Aiken Association.

In 1892 Hammond was received

In 1894 Seigling was received

In 1895 Hammond church, became known as Olar.

In 1896 Kline was received.

In 1898 Colston Branch was received.

In 1906 Columbia was re-organized and re-admitted, and again discontinued in 1910.

In 1909 Ehrhardt was admitted.

In 1910 Bethany was admitted.

In 1911 Sycamore was admitted.

Hickory Grove had disappeared from the roll in 1906.

In 1912 Hilda was admitted.

The Moderators of this Association have been :

Rev. Thomas Dawson 1856, 1860, 1862

Rev. W. T. Sanders 1857, 1859, 1861

Bro. David H. Rice 1863-1864

Rev. Lewis Shuck 1865-1866

Rev. William Brooker 1867-1874

Rev. J. F. Buist: 1875-1885

Rev. W. D. Rice , 1886-1901

Rev. A. Buist 1902

Rev. G. N. Askew 1903-1904

Bro. R. M. Mixson 1905-1908

Dr. J. B. Black 1909-

The Clerks have been :

Bro. D. Dowling 1856

Dr. B. S. Sweat 1857

Bro. T. J. Counts 1858-1864

Rev. J. E. Chambliss: 1865

Rev. J. F. Buist 1866-1874

Rev. W. D. McMillan 1875-1906

Rev. W. G. Britton 1907-1908, 1910-1911, 1913

Rev. S. P. Hair 1909

Bro. W. E. Free

The Treasurers have been :

Bro. A. F. Free : 1856-1866

Bro. T. J. Counts 1867-1876

Bro. Isaac A. Blanton 1877-1886

Bro. W. R. Boynton 1887-1889

Bro. J. A. Jenkins ... 1890-

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There are probably numerous errors, despite my checking.  Please try to be very explicit about where errors are in the text when you Email me.  FOC

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