The Catawba and Pedee tribes owned slaves! In 1748 an article appears in the Gazette of Charleston describing a slave who gave his name as "Fortune" although those in whose hands he found himself did not believe this to be his true name. He says he belonged to a Mr. Fuller, who sold him to Billy, King of the Pedee Indians, that the Catawba Indians took him from King Billy, and to their nation, and that he escaped from them and became lost (ibid page 13).
The Indians were also sold as slaves: "The Westoe tribe lived in what became Beaufort district. They were driven out at an early period by the Savannahs, or Yamassees, who belonged to the Lower Creek Nation" (A Sketch of the History of South Carolina, Rivers, McCarter & Co., Charleson, 1856, p87, 88). Rivers writes: "At the close of the Westoe war in 1681, many individuals had added to their traffic the purchase of captives, and the proprietors (FOC Lords Proprietors) endeavored to check abuses of this kind ... by taking under their protection (nominally) all the Indians within four hundred miles of Charleston."
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SCGenWeb - Allendale County, South Carolina