These are my direct ancestors:

1. Johann Franz Gill m. to Dorothea Elisabeth Mattheya

2. Christian Gill(b.Jan6,1772 Alt Sorg, Prussia-d.Mar 5,1854 Tarutino, Bessarabia) m. to Anna Elisabeth Erdmann on May 5, 1815 Tarurino

3. Samuel Gill(b.Dec 24, 1817 Tarutino) m. to Maria Justine Hirschkorn on Feb 18, 1842

4. August Gill(b.May 29, 1859 Tarutino-d.Aug 1939) m. to Maria Justina Doering on Jan 16, 1881

5.Ludwig Gill(b.Apr 12, 1900 Tarutino-d.Feb 14, 1960 Medicine Hat, Alberta, Canada) m. to Dorothea Littau Feb 24, 1924 in Tarutino

6. Emil Gill - I was born Sep 12, 1947 in Brackenheim, Germany married to Sandra Marguerite Bunce Sep 4, 1971 in Red Deer, Alberta, Canada

If anyone is interested my Gill family tree is at Ancestry.com, Emil Gill [sandmil@home.com]

(note by FOC, I have reproduced some information on this area below, along with some links of interest.

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Copyright ©1998, Emil Gill . These documents may be freely used for private purposes, and included in your own genealogy. However, this document is copyrighted and may not be sold, nor given to anyone who may attempt to derive profit from same. Please send any errors, corrections, conjectures, updates, etc. to Dr. Frank O. Clark.


This is from The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia Copyright © 1994, 2000

Bessarabia [besurA'bEu]  Pronunciation Key

Bessarabia , historic region, c.17,600 sq mi (45,600 sq km), largely in Moldova and Ukraine. It is bounded by the Dniester River on the north and east, the Prut on the west, and the Danube and the Black Sea on the south. Consisting mainly of a hilly plain with flat steppes, it is an extremely fertile agricultural area, especially for wine grapes, fruits, corn, wheat, tobacco, sugar beets, and sunflowers. Dairy cattle and sheep raising are also important. Agricultural processing is the chief industry. There are some stone quarries and lignite deposits. Bessarabia's leading cities are Chisinau and Tiraspol in Moldova and Izmayil and Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyy in Ukraine. The population consists of Moldovans (about two thirds), Ukrainians, Russians, Jews, and Bulgarians. As the gateway from Russia into the Danube valley, Bessarabia has been an invasion route from Asia to Europe. Greek colonies were planted on the Black Sea coast of Bessarabia as early as the 7th cent. B.C. The region was later part of Roman Dacia, but after the 4th cent. A.D. it was subject to incursions by Goths, Huns, Avars, and Magyars. Slavs first settled in Bessarabia in the 7th cent. in the midst of these incursions. From the 9th to the 11th cent., the area was part of Kievan Rus, and in the 12th cent. it belonged to the duchy of Halych-Volhynia. Cumans and later Mongols overran Bessarabia; after the latter withdrew it was included (1367) in the newly established principality of Moldavia. The region probably derives its name from the Walachian princely family of Bassarab, which once ruled S Bessarabia. In 1513 the Turks and their vassals, the khans of the Crimean Tatars, conquered Bessarabia. After the Russo-Turkish wars, the region was ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Bucharest (1812). The Crimean War resulted (1856) in Russia's cession of S Bessarabia to Moldavia; but the Congress of Berlin (1878) returned the district to Russia. After the Bolshevik Revolution (1917) the anti-Soviet national council of Bessarabia proclaimed the region an autonomous republic; however, in 1918, Bessarabia renounced all ties with Soviet Russia and declared itself an independent Moldovan republic, later voting for union with Romania. Although the Treaty of Paris (1920) recognized the union, Russia never accepted it. In 1940 Romania was forced to cede Bessarabia to the USSR; the Romanian peace treaty of 1947 confirmed Bessarabia as part of the USSR. The larger part of the region was merged with the Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic to form the Moldavian SSR (now Moldova); the southern and northern sections, with a predominantly Ukrainian-speaking population, were incorporated into Ukraine.

The Original Homeland & Emigration of Germans to Bessarabia is covered here. (off site)

and an article on the Village of TARUTINO (off site) I reproduce below:

The founders of this colony came mainly from the Kingdom of Prussia, Prussian-Pomeranian and Mecklenburg and traveled in several convoys, led by Russian guides. They found several primitive shelters constructed of woven branches, smeared with clay as a sealant. They housed 100 families. The first native (German) guide was Major Gottfried Scheuchner. Wilhelm Mutschall describes the arrival of the founders of Tarutino as follows:

"Armed with official documents the colonists met at certain meeting places from where they were divided into columns or convoys. Each of them received a Russian official as a guide and a group leader chosen from the midst of the travelers. The leader of the Tarutino group was Gottfried Scheuchner. The columns set out in the spring of 1814. They traveled by horse drawn wagon, piled high with household gear, on foot pulling handcarts, or walking with walking sticks and backpack containing all their worldly belongings. They traveled over hill and dale through forests and through fields and on uphill stretches the people had to assist the little horses and on the downhill stretches brush had to be tied on to work as a break. The colonists arrived in Bessarabia in the late fall, but they found only more disappointments after their many ordeals of the journey there. Of the shelters for 100 families, only 50 are finished. The other colonists, including the settlers of Borodino and Krasna, had to shelter with Moldavians in Galbin, Tchimichlia, Madar, Koperach, Tchugrik, Boragan, and Tomai."

Bessarabia Background

Western Poland has come under the rule of Prussia in 1795. German settlers had been encouraged to move into Poland, and they had come from north Germany, Prussia, Mecklenburg, Pomerania and from south Germany, Württemberg, Bavaria, and Baden. They had hoped to escape the war and unrest brought to their homes by Napoleon. The Napoleonic War caught up with them again and changed everything when Napoleon defeated Prussia and gave her Polish provinces into the power of the Polish nobility who had no love for the Germans. Inhabitants were ready to leave, and the Czar's Edict of 1813 was welcomed by them. More than 1,500 families left for Bessarabia in 1814 and 1815. The first twelve colonies in Bessarabia were settled between 1814 and 1816, mainly by Lutherans. These twelve settlements were named for the battles in the Napoleonic wars, where the Germans and Russians had fought together against the French. The colonies did not receive their names of battle at their founding. For example, in the summer of 1814 houses were built in a colony named Elizabeth. This village was then renamed Tarutino in 1818, four years after the founding of the colony, to commemorate the victory by the Russians over Napoleon at the village of Tarutino in the Gouvernement Kalufa on October 18, 1812. Tarutino became the seat of "the Parliament of all the German settlers in Bessarabia." Here they would make laws for themselves and deal as a united front with the Russian and later the Romanian governments.

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