Captain Samuel James Gill, "James", born 14 April 1760 in New Jersey, died in Green Co., AL 1842, married 1795 in Green Co., AL to Mary Ann Fox. Living in Green Co., AL in 1828, Mary Ann Fox died in November 1857 (or 1850?). Samuel James Gill served as Capt. in the Revolution, despite entering service when he was but 16 years of age. He states that he removed to Chester Dist. with his family when he was six years old. This statement coincides with the arrival of his father John Gill, Sr. with wife Sarah in 1766/1767. (ibid, & Mrs. Crowder's document dated 1962 in Mr. Andrea's papers).


My 6th Gr-Grandfather (Joseph Galbreth) , settled from Scotland in northern (now) Chester Co of SC with a 12 Aug 1768 Grant as did James Gill and later sold his land to James Gill; As I have the record from page 375 of Chester Co DB A, that James Gill, in turn sold the Galbreth to John Owen in 1785.

Do you know:

1) When Gill acquired the grant land of Galbreth and

2) Where the land was located ( I figure from the vague description "Memorials Book 8, 1768 p. 288 100 acres in Craven County, between Rocky Creek, S Fork and Fishing Creek bounded SE on Robert KNOX and vacant land, NW on Richard KERRELS. Survey Certified 6-9-1768, granted 8-12-68. Quit Rent begins in 10 years Robert McCord. Jno Gaston DS. " that it was about 15 miles due south of York SC, just over the Chester county border) I see you have the Land Plat; it may be for the 82 acres also mentioned in the same deed, which was sold by Gill to Owen.

3) Anything else on the subject you think I should know.

William Gilbreath, PhD


1790 census James Gill 1m >16, 0 m<16, 0 f. This record cannot be of James Gill married to Mary Gaston, as she outlived him and was alive in 1790.

1793 James Gill deed to Thomas Nesheet (Mrs. Hicks Apr. 1986 p10).

Andrea #131: James Gill & Robert Love as Executors of the Estate of late John Wright execute a deed for lands (subject to the dower rights of widow, Susannah Wright) on Fishing Ck. to John Boyd 20 Feb. 1809 (Chester Co., SC).

(Mrs. Crowder page 76) "James Gill Revolutionary War Pension Application R4023, National Archives, Wash.,DC, States he was born 14 April 1760 in NJ and removed to Chester Co., SC when a child of six years. He died in Greene Co., AL 14 April 1842. He saw service from 1776 and on under Capts. Smith, Walker, Hardwick, Robert Cooper, James Gill, and under Cols.: Lacey, Winn, Brown, etc. a part of his service was as a substitute for his brother, George Gill. The pension was allowed, meaning that the service withstood the scrutiny of those associated with the service still alive. He was married in the early part of 1795 to Mary -- who survived him and died in 1850. Mention is made of six children alive at the time of the application whose names are not given, with the implication that other children were born but did not survive to this date. This man is undoubtedly the same one with file in SC State Archives containing a letter dated 21 Nov. 1826 from Alabama asking for a State Pension which was granted. Wm. Lewis and David Morrow of Chester attest to his Rev. service and to the fact that he is over 60 years old. Morrow stated that James Gill, and several of his brothers and cousins were in the revolution. Note in the pension application of Robert Gill that he states that his brother received a pension, "Brother James Gill receiving pension for service as a Captain," "he now lives in the State of Alabama." Also in that same file of Robert Gill is a statement from Capt. James Gill, Greene Co., AL saying that Robert Gill was a Rev. solder."

Andrea #174: James Gill #R4023 was b. 14 Apr. 1760 in NJ & removed to SC when a child to Chester Dist. He died in Greene Co., AL, 14 Apr. 1842. He saw service from 1776 & on under Capts. Smith, Walker, Ramsey, Pagan, Hardwick, Cooper, Gill, & under Cols. Lacey, Winn, Brown, Bratton, & Wade Hampton. A part of his service was as a substitute for his brother, George Gill. Pension was allowed. He was married in early part of 1795 to Mary in Chester Co., SC (note one source says AL), and she died in 1850. Mention is made of children but their names were not given. He was aged six when he removed to Camden Dist., SC, from NJ.

c1785 (Mr. Andrea #69) "James Gill, II, has a pay indent which he assigns to Capt. Robert Cooper for collection. This may be the same James Gill, I. David Leech, JP."

1819 James Gill, Chester Co., SC et al. to Robert McElhaney (Mrs. Hicks p13).

1826 (Andrea #69) "James Gill in File #2829, three James Gills in file ... James Gill, I, 21 Nov. 1826 in a letter from Alabama states that he now resides in that state and is old and in need of a state pension dated 21 Nov. 1826 and grants power of attorney to George Gill of Chester Dist. to arrange for the pension which was granted. Letter from Wm. Lewis who stated that he knew James Gill who was in the Battle of Purresburg, also a letter from David Morrow of Chester Dist. Morrow stated that he knew James Gill was over the age of 60 and that he with several of his cousins and brothers served in the Revolution on the side of the Patriots." "Back to the James Gill I with a pension and living in Alabama Territory, Wm. Lewis also in his letter states that he knew James Gill of Alabama was in the Battle of Granby and that he was shot thru the arm there. One of the James Gills lost a sorrel horse.

_______________________________________________________________

Following transcription by, and Copyright © 1997 Janna Rauser: James Gill - Revolutionary war Pension Applications

------------------------------- First Item ------------------------

Packet Header: Gill, James, Mary, Service S.C. Number R4023, Note: Born in N.J.

------------------------------- Second Item ------------------------

Recording of Payment of $240 to James Gill, Alabama (19807)

Pay rate 80 dollars per annum

------------------------------- Third Item ------------------------

Letter, 7 April 1930, Mrs. William S. Gregson, West Cleveland Avenue, Fayetteville, Arkansas

Dear Madam

I advise you from the papers in the Revolutionary War pension claim R. 4023, it appears that James Gill was born April 14, 1760, in New Jersey. When six years old, he moved with his father (his name not given) to Chester District, South Carolina.

While residing in Chester District, he served from 1776, at various times, as a private in the South Carolina Troops under Captains Smith, Walker, Ramsey, Hardwick, Pagan, Cooper, Gill and Colonels Winn, I Brown, Bratton, Lacy and Wade Hampton. He was at the surrender of Charleston, South Carolina in May 1780, battles of Rocky Mount, Williams Plantation, Fort Carey, Wrights Bluff where he was wounded in the right arm, Friday's Ferry, Bellville, Orangeburgh, Biggins Church and Ruger's Bridge amounting in all to one year and ten months, and served until the spring of 1781 when he was appointed Captain and served three months under Major John Adair and continued to serve as such until the close of the war in scouting parties, and had an engagement with the Tories on Sandy River, this service amounting to one year Apart of the time he served as such for his brother George.

He was allowed pension on this application executed September 22, 1832, while a resident of Greene County, Alabama. He died there April 15, 1841 (or Apr 14, 1842)

Soldier married "in the early part of the year 1795", in Chester District, South Carolina, Mary (her maiden name is not stated). She died in December 1850

Children are referred to in 1861 but no names are stated.

Very truly yours, E.W. MORGAN, Acting Commissioner

-------------------------------Fourth Item ------------------------

The State of Mississippi, Winston(?) County

On the 29th day of December 1859 personally appeared before me E.D. Hyde clerk of the Probate Court of said County the ______________ having a court of record _____________ Dennis and William Fox who are to me well known and who are credible witnesses as a who being by me duly sworn and being that they were each well acquainted with Mrs Mary Ann Gill, that they knew her for fifty years prior to her death, that they were well acquainted with James Gill her late husband having know him for fifty years before his death, that they the said Mary Ann Gill and James Gill had lived together as husband and wife were reported so to be, that aforementioned never heard the fact of their marriage disputed or questioned, that the said James Gill died on the 14th day of April 1842, and that Mary Ann Gill died on the _____ day of November 1857, and that the following named are the only remaining children of the said soldier viz George, Nathan, John P, Robert J., Elizabeth (?)__ Dennis and Martha H Stebbins of this marriage but that her mothers name before marriage was Mary Ann Fox, that she makes this application for the purpose of obtaining any amount of pension due her said father at the time of his death and the Pension to which her mother was entitled from the time of her fathers death in about 1842 to the time of her mothers death in November 1857 She further states that her mother in her lifetime in 1850 made an informal application for Pension which was disallowed for the reason that she failed to prove her marriage with the pensioner - Martha H Stebbins Sworn to and acknowledged before me on the day and year first above mentioned and I hereby certiry that I know the said deponent Martha H Stebbins and believe her to be as above stated and that she is of the age above stated and and further that I am not interested in this claim as attorney or otherwise Witness my hand and seal of said Court affixed by _____________ of said Court now in session. E.D. Hyde Clerk

------------------------------- Fifth Item ------------------------

The State of Mississippi, Winston County

On this 14th day of March 1859 before the Probate Court held within the the county and state aforementioned personally appeared Martha H. Stebbins aged about 54 years a resident of the county and state aforementioned , who being duly sworn according to law, doth(?) on her oath make the following acclaimation in order to obtain the benefits of the Pension Act of June 7th AD 1832 and all other acts ______________________ of the same. That she is one of the children and heirs at law of James Gill deceased who was a soldier in the War of the Revolution and to whom a pension was granted under the provisions of the said act of congress_that the evidence of his services are on file in the proper department in Washington City. That the said James Gill died on the 14th day of April AD 1842 in the county of Greene and State of Alabama having surviving him a widow Mary Ann Gill who died in the county and state last aforementioned on the _____ day of November AD 1851_That the following are the only surviving children of the said James Gill at the time of his death viz(?) George aged about forty two years residing in Davidson County State of Tennesee , Nathan Gill aged about forty eight years residing in Hempstead County, Arkansas, John P Gill aged about fifty years residing in Fort Bend, County, State of Texas, Robert J. Gill aged about fifty two years residing in Gonzalas County, State of Texas, Elizabeth P. Gill aged about 49 years now wife of Robert H. Dennis residing in Winston County, Mississippi, and Susanna Gill now deceased who was born on the 6th day of July AD 1812 and died in the year 1845. She was married to J.B.Cherry and left surviving her two children viz ____________ Cherry aged 18 years and J. G. Cherry aged 16 years both of whom now reside in the county of Monroe and the state of Mississippi and this applicant who is the widow of John H. Stebbins She further states that her said father James Gill was married to her mother Mary Ann Gill in the State of South Carolina , that this is no public record or private record

------------------------------- Sixth Item ------------------------

Final payment voucher, To Martha Stebbins for $1.50 Dated Nov 20, 1860

------------------------------- Seventh Item ------------------------

Dictation of Capt James Gill to obtain Pension, The State of Alabama,

Greene County -- One the 22nd day of September 1832(?) personally appeared in open court before ___ Crenshaw the judge of the circuit court now sitting James Gill a resident of the County of Greene and state aforementioned of the age of seventy two years who being first duly sworn according to the law doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the Act of congress passed the seventh of June 1832 that he entered the service United States under the following named officers and served as herein stated , viz he entered the service in the year 1776 or 1777 under Captain Smith ____ of South Carolina now called Chester District and was marched as well as he recollects in the Spring of 1977 as he is ____ to believe down into Edgefield district in the forks of ____ and ___ to a Dutch settlement uncertain of the name of the Dutch fortt for the purpose of securing some flower and other provisions which the Dutch settlers were ____ for the use of the British and ____ Winn as well as he recollects was the Colonel who commanded this expedition after securing the provisions aforesaid he was discharged and he thinks he was on this expedition about one month the next expedition was to Orange Burgh in the district of Orange Burgh in South Carolina here he was stationed some time he does not recollect how long from thence he was marched to the Black Swamp _______ down on the ____ where we guarded the river for some time near a place called the two sisters for about as well as he recollects two months. In this expedition Lieutenant Campbell commanded for sure to Orangeburgh and Capt. Walker the balance of the campaign Major Ellison commanded the Regiment this applicant was in and at the Black Swamp we joined ___ who took command of the whole force as well as he now recollects. Soon after this the British forces crossed the river and _____ to Charleston _____ by the British after or about the ______ here General (Count) Pulaski who was also with us on this expedition had a skirmish with the British in which Colonel C___ or ___ was killed a Col. Ruger(?) as well as the applicant recollects got killed by our own men while showing _____ Birch of _____ around Charleston for the purpose of ___the British if they made ___ to enter the city that night this happened by a false alarm on the part of our sentinel The British here discovering that General ____ with his force were in there near withdrew from Charleston to ____________ In this town the applicant served for about six months.as near as he recollects the first 5 months as a drafted militiaman and the balance as a volunteer his next service was after the capture of Charleston by the British as a refugee to North Carolina wher the South Carolinians and Georgians who refused the position offered by the British collected and elected General Sumter(?) The first engagement he was in after this was under Captain Paggens and Cooper Lieut. ____ Winn and Col Bratton were higher in command this was at Williams Plantation where we defeated British Captain by the name of ___ and killed him and ___ Col. by the name of Furgerson and many others and routed and dispersed the whole of this force this was some time in July 1780 as well as he recollects from this time until the close of the war this applicant was consistently in the service of The next engagement was at Rocky Mount under General Sumpter this was on Sunday and lasted almost all day the next engagement was the engagement at Fort Carey which we took from the Tories making them prisoners this was under ___ officer whom he does not now recollect and a Col Bratton(?) after this we joined Sumpter again at ___ on the Catawba(?) river from this place this applicant was dispatched with some others to Walkers(?) Mill about 30 miles distance for flour and before his return Sumpter was defeated and his ____dispursed this took place near the mouth of fishing creek on the Catawba river after this Sumter collected another force and this applicant joined him at fishing creek again and was in an engagement under him at Fridays or _________ fort. the next engagement was at Bellville from thence hearing of a reinforcement we marched to meet them It turned out to be a small detachment of British guarding some some British wagons loaded with clothing and money for the soldiers these surrendered and the loading was put on a barge and soon after retaken at Wrights Bluff with some of our men and we _________ Sumter for the purpose of retaking this prize from the British and were met by the British near said Bluff and defeated and dispursed in this engagement the applicant got a wound in his right arm which disabled this applicant a few weeks The next service this applicant was under General Sumter in an expedition down the country to Orangeburgh General Greene was commander in chief in this expedition at orangeburgh we had some slightl skirmishing when General Greene withdrew his troops to the high hills of ____ as this applicant understood and General Sumpter took Lee's Lighthorse and his own force and marched to and demolished a British fort at Biggins Church when we arrived near the church Col Lacy and his men were detached with his horse militia to reconoiter the place this applicant was at this time under said Lacy when they had a pretty severe skirmish with the British in which we killed many of the British and took some prisoners this was in the evening this party returned back to Sumpter the next morning we burned burned the fort and church burned and the place evacuated from here we pursued the British down to Roger's Bridge where we had another fight ____ from the Bridge we crossed ___ and at a place called ___ Ponds encamped some time and were discharged -- After I returned home I served three months in the regular service as a substitute for my brother George Gill who was sick this was under Col Wade Hampton during this time Major Bluford(?) marched around the seabord(?) from Georgia by the way of ___ the ____ and killing Tories this applicant was with him. In the next town he ___ he commanded as a Captain under Major John Adair (since that time Governor of Ky) This expedition was from Fishing Creek down to a place called the foxholes(?) where a General Henderson took the command At this place we remained for some time then marched to Orangeburgh and thence to South __disto where we remained for some time from this Major Adair left the regulars and this applicant being the oldest Captain in command took command of the regiment and after scouring the swamps some time without much success this applicant then marched the regiment back to Chester District and their term of three months being out he discharged them this was in the summer of 1781 if he recollects right this was the last campaign of any note that he took tho he continued regularly in the service against the Tories and in several scouting parties protecting the settlements until the end of the war and in one of these he and six others his two brothers Thomas and George and Captain Harding and Frost(?) James Gill and Archibald Gill cousins of this applicant hearing that a Tory company were to rondevous on Sandy river about 20 miles distant rode down the preceding night to the place of rondevous and in the morning as the Tories ___ took them prisoners disarmed and confined them in a house until we had taken about (30 or 50) in this serviice we kill but one and he refused to ____ and started to ride off when Captain Harding shot him (his name was Hodes and was one on (?) who had formerly been driven from ____) and in answer to further interogations propounded by the court he says he was born on the 14th day of April 1760 - In the state of New Jersey he has a record of his age in his family bible transcribed from his fathers family register he was by his father taken at about six years of age to the place now called Chester District South Carolina) where he remained until 1811. In 1811 he removed to Tennessee Davidson County from thence in 1818 he removed to Tuscaloosa County Alabama from thence in 1823(?) to Greene County Alabama where he has remained ever since He states that he was a volunteer at all times except the two tours above stated the names of rest of the officers the recollects besides what are above stated and written whom he was engaged ___ service Captain ____Mills Lieutenant Miller and Gill General Pickens Capts Barnett and Culpepper and Ross(?) were in the state troop with him Cols Williams, Brandon Farrrow, Hammonds Henry Hampton and a Major ____tterson he does not recollect that while a private he ever had a written discharge if he ever had it is lost nor does he recollect whether he ever had a commission from the time he was appointed or not if he had he has lost it he recollects receiving the appointment in the spring of 1781 as he thinks from that time on until after the war -- This applicant can prove prove his service in the War by Hamilton Brown for part of the time he can prove his reputation for truth by said Brown and Parson John H Gray and he thinks by any of his neighbors and also their belief as to his service He hereby relinquishes every claim whatsoever to a pension or annuity except the present and declares that his name is not on the pension roll of the agency of any state sworn to and subscribed the day and year aforesaid James Gill, James Geater, clerk (transcribed by, and thanks to, Janna Rauser. Copyright © 1997 Janna Rauser).  Seven identified children, six surviving at the time of the pension application (note by FOC, in addition to what Janna sent, I have combined information supplied by Judy C (Joyce) McWilliams):

1. George Gill born c1809 in Davidson County State of Tennesee 1851.

2. Nathan Gill born c1803 SC married in Greene County, AL to Louisa A. Allison born SC. They were slave holders and in 1840 the Alabama Census showed 15-20 slaves (there is question in my mind about the numbers). I believe they had 6 children, but I only have names for 5 at this time. residing in Hempstead County, Arkansas 1851. I have found Nathan and Louisa in Sevier County, AR on the 1850 Census and Hempstead County, AR on the 1860 census. Both Thomas and Nathan enlisted in the Confederate army in Arkansas.    Thomas Allison, a merchant in Memphis, Tennessee was the father of Louise Adeline (Allison) Gill (unknown birth date; died 1885).  Nathan Gill and Louise Adeline (Allison) Gill married in 1873 and had six children (Judy C (Joyce) McWilliams). Nathan and Louisa were listed in Sevier County, AR on the 1850 Census and Hempstead County, AR on the 1860 census. Both Thomas and Nathan enlisted in the Confederate army in Arkansas. After the war Nathan and the family moved to Ellis County, TX where they continued to farm. They also leased land in Hempstead County, TX. Nathan and Louisa died in this location.   Occ: Mechanic; owner of sawmill,  They had 6 children, residing in Hempstead County, Arkansas 1851.

  1. Harriet (Gill) Mulkey (unknown birth or death dates) was married to Stephen Mulkey, a banker in Fort Worth, Texas
  2. Mary J. (H?) (Gill) Patterson born in 1834 in Alabama, married Nathaniel Patterson. Lived in Ellis County, Texas
  3. Thomas A. Gill born Feb. 14, 1837 died Nov. 1916. Unmarried.  Thomas A. Gill born 14 Feb 1837 in Green County AL, died 15 Nov 1916 Coleman County, TX. Thomas A. Gill never married and he died on the family ranch in Coleman County TX in 1916. I have the obituary that was published in the Confederate Veteran and will send to you later.
  4. Eliza (Gill) Leak born 1840 in Alabama was married to Lem Leak and after his death, she married George Leak.
  5. James Munson Gill born June 18, 1842, moved to Arkansas when only one, where he received his schooling and at the age of 18 he enlisted in the Confederate Service, in Company G, Twelfth Arkansas Regiment and served in the Mississippi river area. He was taken prisoner at Island No. 10, was carried to Camp Douglas, Chicago, where he remained for five months. He was later sent to Vicksburg and exchanged. His command looked after General Steele, and kept him back until after Bank's defeat on Red river. At the time of surrender the force disbanded, and all returned home. Mr. Gill went to Arkansas and in 1869 moved back to Ellis County, Texas, where he married Miss Texas (Texana) Wright.  Our Connection....Texana (Texas) Gill (Wright) Daughter of William and Margaret Wright. Sister to Susan E. (Wright) Martin, Aunt & Uncle to J.O. Martin. J.O. Martin was my maternal grandfather. J.O. Martin was married to Myrtle Louise (Edmisten) Martin. They had two daughters, my mother, Josephine Myrtle (Martin) Joyce of Springfield, Mo and Gene Marjorie (Martin) Oswalt of Seminole,Texas. I am the eldest of two children of James Carroll Joyce & Jo M. (Martin) Joyce. I live in the Colorado foothills above Denver. I'm a retired engineer. My sibling, Jim J. Joyce is in nuclear & environmental engineering in Houston, Texas. My grandfather J.O Martin, was mayor of Abilene TX. He died in April,1976. My grandmother, Myrtle Louise died in Dec.1987. James Munson Gill born 18 June 1842 in Greene County AL, died 16 Feb 1916 in Santa Anna (Coleman County), TX. James Munson Gill married Texana Wright in Ellis County TX. Around 1900/1901 they moved to Coleman County TX and established the GILL RANCH (where I grew up). Texana always had relatives that she took in for different periods of time.  They had one child
    1. Earl Wright Gill - born 25 Oct 1876 died 16 Oct 1960. Earl Wright Gill married Cora Castleman 24 Nov 1897, they had four children.
      1. Glenn Lee Gill born 1900, died 30 Aug 1833 in Brown County, TX
      2. Charlie Gill - born 1902 died 1946
      3. Earl Warren (Doc) Gill - born 21 Jan 1903 in Coleman Cty TX died 16 Sep 1983 in Brown County TX (Grandfather of Janna Rauser)
      4. James Munson Gill - born 1911 and still running his part of the GILL Ranch. Last November celebrated their 65th wedding anniversary.
    2. They adopted Lucille, who later found out that her real name was Roberts. She married a Wesley Tenneson.
    3. They also raised (fostered) Jim Carter and Nettie Carter when they lost their parents, but these two were older when they came to live with them.
  6. Emma  (or Ema) (Gill) Reagor born 1851 in Sevier County, AR,  died 1886. Married Gill Reagor.

3. Robert J. Gill born c1799 residing in Gonzalas County, State of Texas 1851

4. John Porter Gill born c1801 residing in Fort Bend, County, State of Texas 1851

5. Elizabeth P. Gill born c1802 married Robert H. Dennis residing in Winston County, Mississippi in 1851

6. Martha H. Gill b1805 married John H. Stebbins, Stebbins dead by 1851, Martha resident of Winston County, MS 14 March 1859.

7. Susannah Gill born 6 July 1812 died in 1845 married J.B.Cherry, dead by 1851

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Copyright ©2006, Frank Oliver Clark, Ph.D., Janna Rauser, and Judy C (Joyce) McWilliams. These documents may be freely used for private purposes, and included in your own genealogy. However, these documents are copyrighted and may not be sold, nor given to anyone who may attempt to derive profit from same.