Sent: Thursday, March 25, 2004 9:47 AM
To: Dr. Frank Oliver Clark
Subject: A polite disagreement regarding your immigrant Gill ancestors
|Gill, John||Gun Maker||Masshouse-lane||Birmingham|
|Gill, Alice||Flour Dealers||Horse market||Warrington|
|Gill, Blashford||Tailors and Habit Makers||Hanging bridge||Manchester|
|Gill, Edmund||Boot and Shoe Makers||Coney-st.||York|
|Gill, Edward||In the Neighbourhood||Heeley||Sheffield|
|Gill, James||Upholsterers & Carpet Dealers||8, Paradise-st.||Liverpool|
|Gill, John||Coal Dealer||Old Wharf, Paradise-street||Birmingham|
|Gill, John||Glass and China Dealer||18, Bull-street||Birmingham|
|Gill, John||Sword Makers||Masshouse-lane||Birmingham|
|Gill, John||Country Manufacturers||Dewsbury||Leeds|
|Gill, Jonathan||Woollen Cloth Manufacturers||Park-lane||Leeds|
|Gill, Jonathan||Fustian Manufacturers||Tyson's ct. Hebden bridge||Manchester|
|Gill, Richard and Son||Booksellers and Stationers||Hillgate||Stockport|
|Gill, Stephen||In the Neighbourhood||Heeley||Sheffield|
|Gill, Thomas||Liquor Merchants||14, Pall Mall||Manchester|
|Gill, William||Brass Founder||Bristol-street||Birmingham|
|Gill, William||Boot and Shoe Makers||Crown-street||Halifax|
Why were the Manakin Huguenots so late in arriving at their haven of peace and religious freedom in America? After all, those who bought Manhattan Island for the equivalent of twenty-four dollars arrived in 1623. Those who settled in New Paltz, New York arrived in 1670, and the Charleston Huguenots arrived at that small but growing city in 1680. The Revocation of the Edict of Nantes was registered on October 22, 1685, and it was followed by a horrendous holocaust, yet those who became known to history as the Manakin Huguenots on the James River in Virginia did not arrive until the summer of 1700. Why? To answer that question, we must look at Europe and the British Isles and consider the rapid and kaleidoscopic events taking place during those times.
The land these Huguenots settled extended very roughly along Robious Road, west of Old Gun Road, following the Huguenot Trail and Cosby Road, and bounded on the north by the James River near Midlothian, VA. See the map below which I've prepared. The Huguenots settled where the cross hairs mark the center of the Huguenot settlement area along the James River. This is about 18 or 19 miles north of where your Gill family ancestors settled just west of Colonial Heights.
In the year 1700 more than five hundred emigrants, at the head of whom was the Marquis de la Muce, were landed in Virginia by four successive debarkations. They appear to have settled at different points; a portion about Jamestown, some in Norfolk county, others in Surry, and two hundred or more at a spot some twenty miles below Richmond, on the south side of James river (now in Powhatan county), where ten thousand acres of land, which had been occupied by the extinct Manakin,n tribe of Indians, were given them.
It is known that there were numerous instances of individual settlement of French Huguenots in Virginia prior and subsequent to the influx of 1700. The names of Barraud, Bertrand s, Boisseaut t , Bowdoin u , Cazenove, Contesse, Cottrell v, Forloines, Flournoy w, Fuqua, Ghiselin, Jacquelin, Jouet x, Lacy, Mauzy, Michie, Micou, Moncure, Seay y, Trezevant z and others, have show up in the colonial era records. However, Gill or Guile is not one of them living in Virginia prior to 1700.
The areas of Virginia where the Huguenots were to be resettled is identified in this document from 1698:
It's interesting that on an official listing of all the French Protestant refugee (Huguenots) in Henrico County in the year 1714, there is no evidence of a Guil, Guile, or Gill. See Below:
Neither is there any mention of the surname Guil, Guile or Gil in any of the baptisms recorded for the Huguenots at Manakin, VA
Additionally, if you visit another of my web pages (See below) you'll find land surveys for Henrico Co. Land owners. One of these is for John Gill's land patent west of Colonial Heights.
Date: 9 July 1724 frm Hugh Drysdale [Governor] to John Gill contract 50 Shill.
Ref: 465 acres NLINEorth side of Appomattock River in Henrico County loc -78896 32832 F127 L0 P255 -
Point A) Small Corner black Oak parting Stephen Gill and John Willson Senr Thence on the said Willsons Line E37S; 36 Poles; John Willson Senr -
Point B) a Corner Scrub black Oak Thence leaving Willsons Line E17S; 96 Poles; -
Point C) two Small Corner black Oaks Standing in Thomas Willsons Line Thence on his Line SxE; 74 Poles; Thomas Willson -
Point D) a Corner pine Thence leaving the Said Line S46W; 124 Poles; -
Point E) a Corner black Oak Standing in Benjamin Dison's Line Thence on his Line NxW; 113 poles; from Benjamin Dison's c. -
Point F) a Corner White Oak pine and Scrub black Oak line WxS; 184 Poles; -
Point G) a Corner White Oak of Disons Standing on the E Side of White Oak branch Thence crossing the Said branch survey line W13S; 17 Poles; cross White Oak Branch -
Point H) a Corner pine Standing on the W side of the Said Branch Thence up the Said Branch according to the Meanders 276 Poles; survey line ; 276 Poles; up White Oak Branch -
Point I) a Corner poplar Standing on the Said Branch Thence Crossing the said Branch survey line S80W; 52 Poles; cross White Oak Branch -
Point J) Corner black Oak Standing in John Perkinsons Line Thence on his Line WNW; 41 Poles; John Perkinson -
Point K) a Corner White Oak line Southwest 58 Poles; -
Point L) Corner White Oak Standing in Charles Cussins Line NxW; 38 Poles; Charles Cussins Line -
Point M) a Corner black Oak line Northwest 37 Poles; -
Point N) a Corner White Oak line Northeast 67 Poles; -
Point O) a Corner pine line NExE; 57 Poles; -
Point P) Several Corner Black Oaks line N; 170 Poles; -
Point Q) two Corner pines and a White Oak line NWxN; 52 Poles; -
Point R) a Corner black Oak line NxW; 10 Poles; -
Point S) a Corner black Oak of John Gills Standing in a Small Fork of Youl Branch Thence on Gills Line SExE .25 point East survey line SExE; 44 Poles; John Gill SExE.25pt East from Youls Branch -
Point T) a Corner White Oak line ExS; 16 Poles; -
Point U) a black Oak line NxE; 38 Poles; -
Point V) a Corner White Oak line E; 34 Poles; -
Point W) a Corner White Oak line ENE; 18 Poles; -
Point X) a White Oak Standing in Gills Line Thence leaving the said Line S42E; 60 Poles; -
Point Y) a Corner Hickrey line E12N; 55 Poles; -
Point Z) a Corner pine and Scrub black Oak line E27S; 14 Poles; -
Point AA) a Corner pine of the Said Gills Thence on his Lines line SxW; 64 Poles;said Gill -
Point AB) a Corner White Oak line Southheast 45 Poles; -
Point AC) a Corner pine line ESE; 88 Poles; -
Point AD) a Corner White Oak Standing on the E Side of White Oak branch line NExE; 61 Poles; from E side White Oak Branch -
Point AE) a Corner black Oak lc NExN; 52 Poles; end
THE HUGUENOTS - Who were they?
Harry Kollatz Jr.*
Richmond Magazine, April 2003
Silversmith Paul Revere, also known for his midnight ride, had them in his ancestry. Louis Comfort Tiffany, the designer of exquisite stained glass and a member of the famous jewelry family, was of their blood. Half of the U. S. presidents are in some way connected to them. And in the Richmond region, their names resonate in Virginia history, business and civic achievement: Agee, Chastain, Dejarnett, Duval, Dabney, Foushee, Fuqua, Jacquelin, La Prade, Maury, Moncure, Morrisette, Pickett, Rowlett, Sublet and Witt.
Submitted by and Copyright ©2004 Don Blankenship.
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