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Gone to Texas

THE BENJAMIN HOLT MUNNERLYNS

Contributed by Francine Jones, 13 Feb 2000

This is a trip made to Texas in 1852 by Benjamin Holt Munnerlyn, his wife, Elizabeth, their baby son, Albert, and Elizabeth's parents, Daniel and Charlotte Davis and her brother Robert H. Davis, along with several black slaves. Benjamin kept a hand written expense account listing places, purchases, costs and the places of each transaction. The account of this trip was written up by Dr. Horace Williams who sent me this copy.

"The trip was made overland and by boat. Beginning in Marion County near their home on December 13, 1852, the caravan moved west and south through Sumter, Columbia, and Akin to Augusta, Georgia. In Georgia they went through Sandersville, Macon, Thomaston, and Columbus. From there they completed the first leg of the overland trip at Montgomery, Alabama, a distance of five hundred and three miles at a total cost of $126.15 1/2 . At Montgomery the party took a river boat, the steamer Fashion, down the Alabama River to Mobile. This took three days and nights and the cost was $105.00. At Mobile they spent the night at The Battle House at a cost of $9.25 while the horses and wagons were in a wagon yard at a cost of $5.25. At Mobile the group boarded the steamer Oregon for passage to New Orleans. The cost of this part of the trip was $98.35.

At New Orleans a transfer was made to the river steamer Caddo which went up the Mississippi River to the Red River and up that river to Grand Ecore near Natchitoches, Louisiana. The cost was $123.60 and the time was two days and nights. From Natchitoches they proceeded overland west to the Sabine River, crossed at Darnell's Ferry and entered Texas, Shelby County, on February 6, 1853. The total cost of the trip was $521.40 1/2.

A considerable part of the expense of this journey was for toll roads, toll bridges, ferry crossings, and food for both persons and animals. The food consisted chiefly of bacon, potatoes, rice, meal, and a few other staples while the horses were provided with corn and fodder. One interesting charge was of $6.00 for "transporting the Negroes across Georgia." For some time Georgia had struggled with the problem of the importation of slaves into the state and was trying to put an end to the slave traffic."

Francine


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