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Home History >> Jenkins Memoir >> PART THREE

My Dear Britton's Neck, South Carolina
--from Memoir of James Jenkins, 1842

Contributed by Sandra Richardson Pound, 15 August 2000


1804. Conference was at Augusta, Georgia, commencing January 1st. Methodism was introduced into Augusta with much opposition, by brother S. Mead, in 1799. It was perhaps nearly two years before any Methodist church was built. At all events it was finished before our conference in this year. On my way to it I met Dr. Coke in Columbia, where he preached in a school-house (140).

Brother Harper, a Wesleyan Methodist from the West Indies, who had joined our conference, and been stationed in Charleston a year or two, was now in Columbia, and had collected a few around him, who called themselves Methodists. During this year (1804) he commenced building a church; and in 1805 they had their first stationed preacher, Bennet Hendrick. Thus Methodism began in Columbia (140).

At this conference brothers Epps, Tucker, William M'Kenny, Wiley Warwick, Samuel Mills, Gabriel Christian, Benjamin Watts, David Donnelly, and Jeremiah Lumsden, were admitted on trial. Brothers Ezekiel Burdine, Coleman Carlisle, Lewellin Evans, and John Garwin, located (140-141).

General Conference commenced the seventh of May. The rule also touching slavery was amending as it now stands, viz., that it is not to be in operation where the laws of the state are opposed to it. Bishop Asbury rose from his chair previously to the amendment, and remarked, he had pledged himself to the southern conferences to speak to this question, and added, "I am called upon to suffer for Christ's sake, not for slavery," and then sat down. This was a short speech, but it had the desired effect. Our radical friends were quite calm (142).

From this appointment we went to a night meeting in the neighbourhood; and a young Quaker who had attended preaching that day was in company. He looked as though he wished to find some fault, and seeing my umbrella, he commenced by asking. "Did you ever read of our Savior's using an umbrella?" I replied, by asking, if he ever read of his wearing a hat, or pantaloons? He made no reply. Directly I commenced humming a tune, when he said, "You seem to be merry." "Yes," said I; "the good book says, if we are merry, we may sing psalms." "But nothing else," said he. "Ah," said I, "are we not to sing psalms and hymns, and spiritual songs--singing with grace in our hearts to the Lord?" This ended our controversy (143-144).

Samuel Richardson, from the Purdee's Settlement, above Elizabeth, obtained religion at this meeting, and forthwith became very zealous, talking to the mourners, and praying for them. Indeed, we had preaching enough; for as soon as they became converted, whether old or young, they turned preachers, and commenced talking to others. But the fruits of Richardson's conversion did not stop here; for when he returned home, being filled with the Spirit, he shouted "Glory to God!' by the time he had entered his door; and approaching his wife, told her that God had converted his soul. The Spirit now commenced his work upon her heart; and without delay she commenced pleading for mercy; her cries brought in the servants to see what was the matter, and down they all got, and there they remained till they obtained pardon. This is not all; he commenced holding prayer meetings; and the people began to seek the Lord; for very few, even of the society, had religion; and by the time I got round again, fifty-two in that society professed conversion. (145-146).

The last camp meeting is just over, in Bladen, near brother Gautier's: ten preachers, and about sixteen hundred people. This exceeded all that I ever saw (147).

We suppose, since our first camp meeting in June, there have been three hundred souls converted in and about Bladen circuit (148).

Before I leave the district I wish to say something about camp meetings generally. I think in some things we have improved; viz., The tents are better; we know how to carry on the work with more regularity and order: but in others we have changed for the worse. Preachers generally do not pray so much as formerly; they are not so much in the spirit of the work. There is too much company in the preachers' tent; too much smoking of tobacco, and light, frothy, and trifling conversation. In the intervals between preaching there is not enough of singing and praying in the tents and elsewhere. Preachers, exhorters, and class-leaders, together with stewards, do not take the lead in this matter as formerly; when it was not unusual for private tents to be made the scene of the most remarkable displays of divine power. True, this sometimes occurs now, but not very often. I am grieved to see so much labour and parade about eatables, and such extravagance in dress. I think we might do without pound-cake, preserves, and many other notions. And I am sure if our dresses were plainer, we would feel more comfortable; for then the mind would not be harassed so much with the care of preserving them from getting a little soiled. Many, I have no doubt, live much better, and dress much finer at camp meetings than they do at home; and this is one great reason why more good is not done; for while they come to serve tables, to eat, drink, and dress, the poor soul is little regarded, whereas it ought to be the all-engrossing care (149-150).

1805. Conference, January 1st, at Charleston. R. Pierce, L. Pierce, Benjamin Treadwell, John Porter, William Hardwich, John Hill, James Boykin, James Russell, Francis Bird, Amos Curtis, and Wm. W. Shepherd, were admitted. Wm. James, Wm. West, Wm. Avant, and Jesse Richardson, located. Benjamin Jones, and my much-esteemed brother Tobias Gibson, had died the year previous (150-151).

Believing that my health, which had failed in the latter part of the preceding year, would not justify my receiving an effective appointment at this conference, I asked, and obtained a super-annuated relation: this was a painful expedient, though I felt assured that it was better to do this than to take work which I would be compelled to neglect. Had I remained at home, and presented my request through another person, it is probable my conflict would not have been so severe: but being in the midst of my brethren, with whom I felt identified in views and feelings; surrounded, in a word, by all those circumstances which are peculiar to a conference of Methodist ministers, it was no easy task to effect my purpose (151).

I accordingly purchased a place Sawney's Creek eleven miles from Camden on and in company with my wife, whom I married shortly after conference, that is, on the tenth of February, 1805, proceeded immediately to occupy it (152).

My residence was in the lower part of Catawba circuit, which was served this year by M. Matthews and H. Donnan (153).

1806. Conference at Camden, about the first of January. Esteeming it my privilege to meet with my brethren, I attended. Wm. M. Kennedy, Samuel Dunwoody, Robert Porter, Abda Christian, Benjamin Gordon, Jesse Stancel, George Fletcher, Thomas Paine, George Philips, Stephen Thompson, John Brockington, and Thomas Heathcock were admitted. Jeremiah Russel, Isaac Cook, Thomas Shaw, Thomas Darley, James Douthet, Zechariah Maddox, James Crowder, B. W. Wheeler, James Hill, Garbiel Christian, H. Leadbetter, H. M. Graines, and myself, located (153).

In the course of the year I was requested by two trustees of the Hopewell church to preach for them, they being destitute of preaching of any sort. I complied, and immediately began to raise a society of coloured people. In this I was both opposed and persecuted. Some of the gentlemen, so called, employed a Presbyterian preacher to serve them, hoping I would desist, but in this they were mistaken. At the close of the year we received our pay--he the money, and I the members (l54).

The intelligence of my much-loved mother's death called me during this year into my old neighbourhood, where I attended a camp meeting at what was then called Liberty Chapel (154).

1807 In the fall I visited Charleston, and preached in Bethel….This was the beginning of a gracious revival. A gentleman, who did not like so much noise, had some of the negroes put in the sugar-house (155).

1808.In the course of the year I was solicited to send an appointment to Winsborough, twenty-five miles from my residence (156). Captain Buchanan (156).

1809. Captain Harris, Major Moore (157)

Not long after this, I told brother Buchanan, that I had been thinking about having a church build; said he, "I have done more than think of it; I have spoken to a man to make the bricks (158).

1810. I was publicly posted at Sumterville, and at Owen's meeting-house (162).

18ll. This year my old friends at Manchester, where the bread for the sacrament was stolen off the table, paid me another visit. At my night appointment they brick-batted the church, and fired off pistols, but I preached on. When I was done, and was in the act of retiring from the house, they fired a cannon. During the night these miserable men became quite drunk, and fought like cats and dogs; they were sober enough, however, next morning, and Sunday as it was, I received a salute from their guns, which made the welkin ring again (165).

1812. I had some considerable trials this year also, from family afflictions. To meet my appointments, I was compelled to leave my wife immediately after her confinement in May: she, however, did well. A greater struggle still awaited me. My son James was caught in the running geer of a gin, and was bruised from his hips to his head; his collar and breast bones were both broken, though I knew it not then: but his agony was so great we had to turn him, when necessary, by the sheet. My appointments commenced the next day, and I knew not what to do; whether to stay and nurse my child, or to go and do the work of the Lord. I at length determined on the latter; but I had to exercise all the grace and trust that I possessed, not to leave the work that time (167-168).

1813. Conference at Charleston, December 19, 1912. Anderson Ray, Allen Bass, Samuel K. Hodges, Daniel M'Phail, James Parsons, William Harris, West Harris, Dabney P. Jones, William Collinsworth, John Wright, James Andrew, William Barnett, David S. M'Bride, Samuel Johnson, James B. Turner, Philemon Ogletree, Elijah Bird, Samuel T. Elder, and James M. Sharp, were admitted. Thomas D. Glenn, William Scott, James Saltonstall, Robert L. Kennon, Moses Andrew, Alexander M'Ewen, Andrew Grambling, Michael Dunn, Thomas Y. Cook, John Porter, and myself, located. Jacob Rumph had died in Charleston (169).

On one occasion, while preaching the funeral sermon of a woman, whose husband kept a tippling shop at a place now called Cootersborough, he became powerfully awakened, and rested not until he was born again. This man's name was Meeks, and from the time of his conversion to his death he was an upright man. He filled the office of class-leader for fifteen years, and was greatly respected by all who knew him (170).

After Meeks abandoned the grog shop, a young man in the neighbourhood took it. I prayed and preached against it with all my might, which aroused great indignation among those who were disposed to patronize it. Finding they were not able to affect me in any other way, they chopped the pulpit, making it look as though it had been ruffled (170).

1814. Conference at Fayetteville, N. C., January 12. From the minutes it will be seen that David Hilliard, John Lane, John Scott, Ransom Adkins, William F. Easter, Daniel Monaghan, Nicholas M'Intyre, John Murrow, West Williams, John M'Lendon, William Winningham, Travis Owen, and Aquila Leatherwood, were admitted on trial. Brothers William Gassaway, Joseph Travis, William S. Tallely, Osborn Robers, F. D. Wimberly, Jesse Stancel, John Tarrant, John S. Capers, James Capers, Samuel M. Meek, J. E. Glenn, and Lovick Pierce, located (171).

This year brothers William Capers and J. Scott were sent to the Santee circuit: they frequently stayed with us, though our fare was plain, and we always tried to treat them as well as we could. This was the most pinching time I had ever experienced. We received nothing from the church, nor from our friends, and had made nothing the past year that would bring us money, and we had not provisions enough to serve us. To procure the common necessaries of life I had to hire out one of our boys, for I did not like to go in debt; and with the other boy I went to grubbing in February, at which we continued until we had finished twenty acres; which, afterward being fenced and planted, seemed enough, in connection with some rented land, to employ all our time (172).

My sabbaths were all employed in preaching to the people, and some good either attended or followed my feeble efforts. Surely, if people ever did need preaching, these did; for, with the exception of an honoured few, they were perfect heathens in practice, though living in a Christian land. What is now called Bishopville was then called Cross Roads, owned by an old woman, whose name was Singleton. It was as dissipated a place as I ever saw; Sodom itself could not have been worse. But the truth is, one could not go amiss for whiskey shops and whiskey drinkers in any part of this region. The old woman above- named kept as establishment, for which it would be hard to find a name. Here they would get drunk, quarrel, fight, dance, and commit murder; and the most of these they kept up day and night, Sunday not excepted. One of the judges said to me once, "what a wretched place that Cross Roads is! a sober man cannot pass without being insulted." Several persons killed themselves drinking at that place, and the old woman's two sons murdered an industrious man; on account of which they had to fly for their lives. As I passed one Sunday morning, I saw the drunken men lying about like dead hogs; some in the road, and others on the piazza. I continued to preach and pray against these places, amidst abuses and cursings, until tippling shops were broken up in the neighbourhood. At this place there is now a quiet and respectable people, having a comfortable house of worship (172-173).

1815. Conference at Milledgeville, Georgia, December 21, 1814. John Norton, William Palmer, John Simons, William Kennedy, John Mote, and Bryan Gause, were admitted on trial (175).

Jonathan Jackson, William Capers, Nicholas Powers, Henry D. Green, John Hill, Nicholas Punch, Benjamin Dulany, John Jennings, James C. Koger, Drewry Powell, James Russel, Benjamin R. Brown, located (175).

About this time my mind was disturbed on the subject of educating my children. Very few in the settlement cared about a school, which made the expense of supporting one heavier on a few: however, I wrote for a young man, who came immediately, and was employed at four hundred dollars per annum; which amount had to be paid, principally by three of us (176).

1816. Conference at Charleston, December 23d, 1815. This conference admitted Zaccheus Dowling, Zechariah Williams, Daniel Gastman, James Bellah, Samuel Harrison, Jesse Sinclair, Daniel Christenberry, Andrew Hammil, Tillman Sneed, and David Garrettson. The following brethren located, Andrew Pickens, William Arnold, Benjamin S. Ogletree, Robert Porter, A. H. Saunders, James C. Sharp, Lucius Q. C. Deyemport, Daniel Brown, and John Collinsworth, Richmond Nolley, who had laboured here in former years, but had gone the past year as a missionary to the west, died of a cold, contracted by getting wet, when crossing a stream (176).

I was permitted this year to see Bishop Asbury once more, of whom it may truly be said, that he was the apostle of Methodism in the south (177).

1817. Conference at Columbia, December 25, 1816. Josiah Evans, John Taylor, Thomas Roseman, Benjamin Wofford, William Hankins, Benjamin Green, and H. Spain, were admitted. W. Warwick, H. Judge, John Boswell, Archibald Brown, John Wright, D.P. Jones, West Harris, William Harris, and Daniel M'Phail, located (178).

1818. Conference at Louisville, Georgia, January 27, 1818. James Dunwoody, E. Calloway, Raleigh Green, R. Flurnoy, J. Freeman, T. Winn, J. M'Vean, J. Moser, N. Ware, A. Morgan, B. Rhodes, A. W. Philips, J. L. Greaves, T. A. Smith, Anthony Simons, J. L. Terry, John Dix, Wm. Connell, H. T. Fitzgerald, H. Hamill, and Charles Betts, were admitted. John Sewell, B. S. Scott, T. W. Stanley, W. L. Winningham, A. Leatherwood, W. Williams, and W. Collinsworth, located. Brothers Partridge and Centre had died in the Lord (179).

1819. Conference at Camden, December 24, 1818. James Donnelly, B. Pipkin, J. Sinclair, M. Rayford, L. Stancel, J. Mullinex, J. Schroeble, J. Chapel, P. Duff, C. G. Hill, J. Howard, Thomas Gardner, and Samuel Jenkins, Jr., were admitted on trial. J. W. Norton, B. Gause, J. Scott, A. Ray, D. S. M'Bride, J. B. Glenn, S. Bryan, S. Johnson, J. B. Turner, Epps Tucker, John Bunch, Daniel Monaghan, Samuel Harrison, and John S. Ford, located (180).

1820. Conference at ____________. This conference admitted on trial Thomas Samford, Benjamin Gordon, Jesse Wall, Thomas Clinton, B. Smith, R. Adams, N. Rhodes, A. Norman, S. Bass, B. L. Hoskins, A. T. Simmons, J. H. Tradewell, Thomas Mabrey, and Robert Wilkinson. Brothers J. Simmons, P. Ogletree, Benjamin Wofford, and James L. Belin, located (181).

Conference at Columbia, January 12, 1821. The conference admitted T. Riley, H. Seagrist, A. Peurifoy, T. Thweat, J. N. Glenn, John Robertson, Daniel G. M'Daniel, E. Sinclair, R. T. Ward, Elijah Sinclair, John J. Twiggs, N. Laney, B. English, M M'Pherson, J. Reynolds, and Livy Stancel. R. Green, J. Freeman, James Hutts, J. Norman, John Moate, J. Tarpley, W. B. Barnett, and G. Christopher, located (182).

In the fall I attended a district conference at Catfish, in the Pee Dee circuit, where I saw some of my relatives and old school-mates, and some of my children in the Lord. Near this place I had both my natural and spiritual birth. I think of this visit with much pleasure. I preached several times, and the Lord owned my labours in the awakening of one, who is now amoung the principal men in Marion district. (183).

1822. Conference at Augusta, Georgia, February 21, 1822. Brothers M. Westmoreland, A. P. Manley, P. L. Wade, James Freeman, W. Parks, G. Mason, M. Turrentine, J. Bigby, G. White, J. Covington, E. J. Fitzgerald, William Knight, H. W. Ledbetter, and P. Greaves, were admitted on trial. H. Hamill, T. A. Smith, J. Hill, E. Bird, T. Cravens, T. Gardner, and H. Spain, located (183-184). 1823. Conference at Savannah, Georgia, February 10, 1823. A. F. Edwards, B. Crane, J. Tabor, P. Groover, J. Sewell, Samuel Sewell, M. Carrell Peurifoy, J. Slade, E. Askew, C. Hardy, D. N. Burkhalter, B. Gaines, S. Petty, P. N. Maddux, N. P. Cook, S. B. Abbot, A. Wyrick, G. W. Huckabee, and J. W. Townsend, were admitted on trial. T. A. Rosamond, C. G. Hill, D. Hilliard, C. Carlisle, and J. Mullinix, located (186-187).

1824. Conference at Charleston, February 19, 1924. The conference admitted J. C. Wright, J. Oslin, J. H. Massey, Stephen Olin, J. Mood, J. Galluchat, D. F. Wade, W. Mason, R. Mason, James Stockdale, J. Holmes, and J. Hitchener. The following brethren located,--J. H. Tradewell and W. Hankins (188).

1825. Conference at Fayetteville, N. C., January 20, 1825. J. Boring, J. Hunter, W. W. King, G. Moore, J. Hartley, J. Norman, jr., W. Crook, and J. Watts, were admitted on trial.--E. Sinclair, J. Covington, A. Ray, J. Travis, J. B. Turner, J. Howard, T. Owen, J. Murrow, J. Freeman, M. Raiford, J. Sinclair, and R. Tucker, located. This year a society was established in Cheraw, by brother Betts (188-189). 1826. Conference at Milledgewille, Georgia, January 12, 1826. F. P. Norsworthy, B. H. Capers, A. M'Pherson, J. Ozier, W. Gassaway, T. D. Howell, J. M. Tatum, D. Low, B. Bell, J. M. Bradley, and W. H. Mabrey, were admitted. J. Sewell, N. P. Cook, J. Reynolds, J. Boswell, J. Bigby, D. N. Barkhalter, W. Alexander, N. Ware, J. W. Norton, and M. Westmoreland, located (189).

1827. Conference at Augusta, Georgia, January 11, 1827. Twenty-seven preachers were admitted at this conference, viz.:-- R. Rogers, W. Williams, G. Purnell, J. N. Oliver, J. Andrew, J. Simmonds, J. Mershon, W. P. Arnold, J. Honour, J. Coleman, E. Legett, K. Murchison, David Ballew, R. Williams, J. Boring, R. J. Winn, J. S. P. Powell, W. Steagall, J. M. Dorris, Lewis Miller, F. C. Spraggins, V. Woolly, D. F. Wade, D. Derrick, W. Smith, W. J. Jackson, and M. Beedle. The following brethren located, viz.:--S. Sewell, E. Petty, R. Flournoy, A. P. Manley, E. Askew, W. J. Parks, John Taylor, and A. Peurifoy (190-191).

1828. Conference at Camden, February 6, 1818. B. B. Pope, T. Douglass, J. T. Weathersby, Simeon L. Stephens, J. Wimbish, G. W. Davis, I. A. Few, J. W. Talley, W. B. Smith, S. W. Capers, M. Bythwood, W. H. Ellison, J. Kelly, A. Brown, E. M'Nair, N. Culverhouse, W. Martin, T. Smith, D. G. M'Donald, and W. M. Wightman, were admitted (192). R. Mason, S. Olin, E. Sinclair, M'C. Peurifoy, James Tabor, J. L. Triggs, and H. W. Ledbetter located (192).

1829. Conference at Charleston, January 28, 1929.Twenty-one were admitted this year, viz.: V. Mahaffy, J. D. Bowen, W. Young, G. A. Chapel, A. Haygood, T. H. Capers, W. H. H. Mosley, J. C. Carter, T. D. Turpin, J. G. Humbert, W. Murrah, F. Rush, J. R. Colburn, D. J. Allen, W. Howie, C. A. Crowell, J. Richardson, J. J. Allison, W. N. Scars, J. Sale, and W. Lacky. J. C. Wright, J. Holmes, and P. Groover, located (193).

1830. Conference at Columbia, January 27, 1830. H. W. Hilliard, C. A. Brown, A. H. Palmer, T. D. Peurifoy, H. Heath, T. P. C. Shelman, G. W. Carter, A. M'Corquodale, S. Bozman, J. M'Call, G. Collier, R. H. Jones, J. L. Moultrie, J. D. Chapel, Z. Brown, R. J. Richardson, T. R. Walsh, Allen Hamby, T. Stackhouse, T. Hearne, and James Stacy, were admitted. L Miller, T. Mabrey, J. Mood, J. Hitchener, and J. Slade, located (194-195).

The conference, in consequence of its unwieldly size, was divided into the South Carolina and Georgia Conferences: the Savannah River being the dividing line (195).

In the autumn of this year, by the request of some of my friends, I visited my native place. On Tuesday, as well as I remember, I reached the house of Richard Woodberry, who was class-leader of the society in Britton's Neck. In the evening I walked down to the old church, that had been standing for many years, and went to prayer in it; for my mind was in a proper frame for reflection and devotion. To attempt a description of my feelings on that occasion would be vain. Memory, on swift wing, soon carried me back through a series of forty years. The circumstances connected with my joining the church in that very place were still fresh in my mind. I thought of the dangers I had encountered--falls from horses--exposures to the wild men of the forests, &c.--the privations and sufferings, both of body and mind, which I had endured-- the many temptations from the world, the flesh, and the devil--and the many happy seasons I had enjoyed; together with the awakenings and conversions that I had witnessed. I remembered, also, that few of my contemporaries --those that started for heaven when I did--were living. They were nearly all gone, while I, for some purpose, was left behind. In this retrospect I saw so much of the undeserved favour and mercy of God, my heavenly Father, that my soul was filled with gratitude and love. O! it was a weeping time (196).

The next day I rode down to the old place where I used to live in the time of the war. But "Old Time" had driven his ploughshare over all the place, removing the trees with which I had been acquainted, and indeed leaving nothing that seemed natural, except an arm of the swamp, called Mad Cap, running up between this place and that of an uncle's. Here memory was busy again, while riding over the old fields, in which I had learned to plough, and over which I had so often rambled, killing birds, &c.; and where I had made two narrow escapes from falling into the hands of the British. But, above all, my feelings were most excited when I came to the family burying-ground. Here lay my grandfather and grandmother, my father and mother, two brothers, a sister, uncles and aunts, together with cousins: perhaps forty connections, first and last. It had been a plum orchard, but was now covered with the natural growth. I tried to designate the spot where my dear parents lay, but the effort was fruitless (197).

1831. Conference at Fayetteville, N. C., January 26, 1831. On my way to conference I stayed the first night at brother Saunders', in Darlington. . . . The next night I stayed with Samuel Richardson, on Cape Fear, my son in the Lord, and the fruit of my labours in 1788 (198-199).

The following brethren were admitted, viz.: C. Wilson, H. A. C. Walker, L. Rush, W. Whitby, S. Williams, and T. Neil. B. Smith, E. N'Nair, and J. S. P. Powell, located (199).

1831. Conference at Darlington (201). W. M. D. Moore, J. K. Morse, J. B. Anthony, W. C. M'Nab, A. M'Gilvray, M. Russel, and P. W. Clenny, were admitted on trial; and T. Ledbetter, from another conference, presented his certificate of location, &c., and was received. -- James Stockdale located (201).

When the bishop was about to read out the appointments, I gave the conference a short address, in which I felt much comfort (20l).

The cause of God suffered much this year throughout the extent of the conference, on account of the great political excitement. In some instances the preachers, to show their patriotism, dabbled in these muddy waters, and thereby injured their usefulness. The divisions occasioned among our members in that excitement, are hardly yet cured. In town and country they were quite distracted. Instead of hearing the voice of prayer and praise upon approaching a church, we heard nothing but--Union! Nullification! Tariff! &c. I tried to suppress the intemperate zeal of both parties (202).

About forty white and coloured joined the church (203).

1833. Conference at Lincolnton, N. C., January 30, 1833 (203).

I went in company with brother Allison, and held a two days' meeting at Lancaster Court-House. We stayed with Col. Witherspoon, who was very kind. Having no church in the village we preached in the court-house. I told them on Saturday we would organize a society there the next day, by putting down the names of the few members we had on a class paper, and appointing a leader: that a door would be opened also for the reception of new members. Brother Rush, the preacher in charge of the circuit, was present; and, upon the effort being made, ten whites and thirteen blacks were enrolled, and brother Brummet was appointed leader. This was the first society formed in the place, and in a year or two afterward a church was build (203-204).

The conference admitted B. Thomason, H. M'Clenahan, W. Smith, W. B. Smith, G. W. Huggins, T. Huggins, and J. L. Smith. Brothers J. Hill, J. H. Massey, D. L. Ballew, and J. M. Kelly, located (204).

1834. Conference at Charleston, February 5, 1834. Bishop Emory presided. Bishop Andrew was also present. We had an interesting conference. G. Wright, R. J. Boyd, A. W. Walker, C. S. Walker, S. Armstrong, S. Laney, J. H. Wheeler, W. Brockington, P. G. Bowman, W. A. Gamewell, C. Smith, J. C. Coggeshall, H. H. Durant, W. C. Ferrel, W. Haltom, J. W. Wellborn, and J. N. Davis, were admitted. Brother F. C. Spraggins located (205).

1835. Conference at Columbia, February 11, 1835. I got in company with brothers M'Daniel and Wheeler at Camden. Brother M'Daniel took me in his gig, and we started in the coldest weather I had ever experienced in this country. When we got to the river, we found that the old flat had been beaten down by huge masses of ice, which had floated against it. Fortunately, however, Mr. Whitaker had just launched a new one, and was kind enough to push us over. It was not very safe or pleasant crossing after all; for we were in danger of being carried down by the ice. When we got to the Eleven Mile Creek, we found the ice broken by some movers, who had to use poles and axes to effect their purpose. We made out to travel fifteen miles during the day, and the next we reached Columbia. Bishop Andrew presided. A. Nettles, J. Tarrant, J. L. Potter, T. L. Young, S. Leard, T. S. Daniel, P. H. Picket, J. R. Picket, D. Seal, J. C. Postell, and W. T. Harrison, were admitted. None located (205-206).

By brother Postell's request I attended a four days' meeting at Lancaster Court-House, where we had a powerful time. A goodly number joined the church. A great change had taken place in the prospects of the society in the course of a few years. There was now a comfortable house of worship, and the number of member quite respectable (206-207).

1836. Conference at Charleston, February 10, 1836. R. J. Limehouse, W. Holliday, J. A. Merrick, M. A. M'Kibben, H. M'Clenahan, S. Townsend, J. P. Kerton, E. J. Fitzgerald, J. G. Postell, A. Kelly, N. Munroe, and W. C. Patterson, were admitted. J. C. Coggeshall, B. H. Capers, W. Kennedy, D. J. Allen, J. Covington, R. Adams, and W. T. Smith, located (207).

1837. Conference at Wilmington, January, 1837. The conference admitted A. J. Green, P. A. M. Williams, A. M. Forster, W. C. Kirkland, C. Murchison, J. C. Chandler, D. Legett, J. L. Belin, James Collins, C. M'Leod, L. Scarborough, G. R. Talley, W. M. Kerr, W. C. Clark, J. M'Mackin, and A. Hoyle. R. Walsh, J. J. Allison, J. H. H. Massey, L. Rush, H. W. Ledbeetter, J. Ozier, W. W. King, and J. L. Smith, located (208).

I had sold my place, and was moving to Camden, in consequence of which I did not attend conference. My object in moving was to acquire a subsistence by some other business than farming, for which my increasing blindness almost entirely disqualified me; besides, some of my neighbours (or the negroes of my neighbours) were often doing me private injuries, such as killing my stock, burning my rails &c. To this may be added the desire of having my wife more convenient to church, for where we were living she was seldom able to go to preaching; again, our eldest daughter was living in Camden, and by being there she could take care of her mother in sickness. The mercantile business seemed more suitable for me than any thing else, especially as I had a son who had some knowledge respecting it, whom I wished to assist, while at the same time I desired to provide for my family honestly in the sight of all men. This son, however, soon determined to study medicine; so I had to take my youngest son from school, and put him in the store; for I was now engaged in the business, and knew not how to get out of it (208-209).

1838. Conference at Columbia, January 10, 1838. Bishop Morris presided. L. J. Crum, W. P. Mouzon, J. M. Deas, J. Zimmerman, W. E. Collier, S. Jones, H. E. Ogburn, S. Owens, A. B. Kelly, B. Hamilton, and M. P. Myers, were admitted. E. Legett, J. K. Morse, G. W. Moore, R. Pierce, and W. R. Smith, located (209).

1839. Conference at Cheraw, January 9, 1839. Bishop Andrew presided. . . .I preached once from, "He staggered not at the promise of God through unbelief," &c. At this conference I stepped off of a platform about five feet from the ground; but, by the providence of God, I sustained very little injury. L. O'Neal, Z. W. Barnes, E. L. King, J. Nipper, M. Eady, W. L. Pegues, A. Richardson, J. S. Thomason, A. M. Crielzburg, W. Brockington, W. M'Swain, and S. Smoke, were admitted. M. M'Pherson, S. W. Capers, J. H. Robison, and T. L. Young, located (210).

1840. Conference at Charleston, January, 1840. Bishop Morris presided. His ordination sermon was excellent. He said that we had changed for the better in regard to our literary institutions, &c. But in some things we had changed for the worse. The preachers had left off the broad-rim hat--the members now wore gold, false curls, &c. He advised the preachers to attend strictly to discipline. J. R. Locke, M. Robbins, A. Huckabee, W. Smith, L. Little, and S. Kennerly, were admitted. W. Whitby, F. Rush, and L. Rush, located (211-212).

In April I was at Charleston, attending to my temporal business, and walking the street one dark, rainy day, I stumbled over the frame of a cellar door, and fell on the point of a bar of iron that was in the door, which fall knocked the breath out of me for a short time. Several persons passed by, but offered me no assistance. When I recovered sufficiently to rise, I walked to brother Miller's at whose house I was staying. A physician was sent for, but in the mean time I suffered greatly; and while suffering, my mind was led to contemplate the condition of lost spirits, whose agonies far exceeded mine, and were to continue forever. This is a reflection which has frequently recurred to my mind when in affliction. When the doctor came, my mind was in doubt whether I should live to get out of town; but when he bled me I felt somewhat relieved (212).

1841. Conference at Camden, February 9, 1841. Bishop Andrew presided, and on Sunday preached a most excellent sermon. At this conference there were perhaps more complaints against the preachers than usual, and several of them were scraped with some severity (213).

C. H. Pritchard, D. D. Cox, S. M. Green, N. Byrd, S. P. Taylor, W. H. Flemming, J. A. Porter, D. J. Simmons, T. Hutchings, S. W. Davis, and A. M. Shipp, were admitted. C. Betts, J. C. Postell, J. W. M'Coll, A. Hamby, M. P. Myers, and W. Holliday, located (214).

This year my mind has been exercised in various ways. Finding that I was losing, instead of making, by my store, I thought it best to wind up my business….My physician's bill for the last five years has amounted to more than for the thirty years preceding. However, amidst all my losses and trials of different kinds, it has been, perhaps, the happiest year of my life (214).

And now I was once more within a few miles of my birthplace, where I saw many of my distant relations; and what filled me with most gratitude to God, nearly all that called me cousin were related to Christ by a living faith--converted and in his church. With a grateful heart I acknowledge the attention and kindness paid to me at this meeting by the presiding elder, preachers, and people, who waited on me as though I had been their father. I felt ashamed, for I was undeserving so much notice. But they stopped not here; for, altogether unknown to me, they made up a collection among themselves for me, as they said to defray my travelling expenses. They did the same thing when I was among them in 1839. The Methodists everywhere are dear to me, but none more so than those of Britton's Neck. This is my birthplace--the home of my youth. With their forefathers, I embraced religion, and joined the church. With them I suffered persecution, participating in their joys and sorrow. At the above meeting some were converted, and many of the professors were refreshed and strengthened. I have not enjoyed myself more in a great while (216-217).

After three days' ride I once more reached home in safety (217).

1842. Conference at Charlotte, N. C., January 26, 1842. At the blessing of a kind providence I was permitted to attend; and although I had to "dip, dive, and go," (as Bishop Asbury used to say,) through mud and water, I was fully compensated for all my toil. Bishop Waugh presided, and proved himself to be a man of business as well as a holy man of God (218).

H. M. Mood, J. W. Wightman, J. C. M'Daniel, J. F. Smith, W. Carson, H. Cloy, W. H. Brunson, M. Micheaw, and W. H. Smith, were admitted. J. Holmes, M. Russell, and W. E. Collier, located (218).

To conclude this narrative:--I am now far advanced in life; being in my seventy-eighth year, and fifty-third of my Christian experience, and fiftieth of ministerial service. I feel the infirmities of old age coming upon me, and am reminded, that what I do must be done quickly; "for the time is short." Before I go hence I wish to add a word or two to my brethren, both in the ministry and laity. Before I commence, I will state that for fifteen years I served the church as an itinerant; as such, I claim to know something about that work: for twenty-five years as a local preacher, and for eleven as a superannuated preacher; with these relations I ought also to be acquainted (228).

Methodist ministers have generally been charged with impure motives in entering into their sacred office: such as the love of money; the desire of obtaining a rich wife; an anxiety to make proselytes to their party; a wish for ease; a thirst for popularity, &c. I wish not to deny that the church and the world have been, and are now, cursed with men (if they deserve the name) to whom any one, or all of these, might be justly imputed; but I rejoice to believe that there are not, and have not been, many of this description in the Methodist Episcopal Church. I expect soon to be summoned to the impartial tribunal of God to answer for my conduct in this, as well as in every other respect. I can say honestly, for myself, none of these things influenced me. Whoever reads my imperfect narrative; or, at least, if it was, that I received it not, when I assure them that for all my services to the church, while I travelled, I received but about sixteen hundred and twenty-three dollars (228-229).

They say I am harsh and rough. Well, if I err, it is not so much the fault of the heart, as of the head or constitution. I have now done. May the blessing of God rest upon the church, and may his salvation speedily appear to all people! Amen and amen (232).

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