Volunteers in the Confederate Army
from Marion County, SC


REGIMENTAL UNIT HISTORIES
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Compiled by Victoria Proctor, ©1996-2014

Company E, Gregg's First Regiment

The South Carolina Convention in December 1860 authorized Col. Maxcy Gregg to raise a regiment of volunteers for six months. Volunteers from Marion District, under Captain Stanley, were dispatched to the islands near Charleston, where they remained until after the fall of Fort Sumter. Commanded by General Maxcy GREGG, until his death in December 1862, this regiment was known as the 1st South Carolina Volunteers (a six-months regiment).

Colonel Maxcy GREGGBrig. General Maxcy GREGG (August 1, 1814 - December 15, 1862)
born in 1814 in Columbia, S.C., educated at South Carolina College in Columbia. After passing the bar, Gregg practiced law with his father in Columbia for many years except for the short time he served in the Mexican War.

Commissioned brigadier general on December 14, 1861, Gregg led the brigade of Gen. Ambrose P. Hill's Light Division in the Battle of Gaines' Mill on June 27, 1862. The advance of his five regiments was, according to Hill, "the handsomest charge in line I have seen during the War." But the Yankees were well positioned and over the course of the Seven Days' campaign, Gregg's regiments suffered 939 casualties.

Gregg's military and leadership abilities were admired by many. "A regiment or brigade in his hands was a machine, where all parts worked together in thorough efficiency and smoothest harmony." At Second Manassas on August 29, 1862, Gregg and his men repulsed six assaults. The tenacious leader sent a message during the Union attack: "Tell Gen. Hill that my ammunition is exhausted, but that I will hold my position with bayonet!" That day resulted in 613 casualties among Gregg's troops. Two days later at Ox Hill, the Light Division drove back the Union soldiers in a driving rain.

While held in a reserve position at Fredericksburg, aka Marye’s Heights, on December 13, 1862 Gregg's men were surprised by Gen. George B. Meade's Union troops as they charged through a disastrous gap in the Confederate line. General Gregg was shot in the spine and suffered for two days before he died.


Back to Marion County Regiments and Units
Marion County - War Between the States
Marion County Genealogy and History

These CSA pages online since December 11, 1996.

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