March 9, 1864 - President Lincoln appoints Gen. Grant to command all of the armies of the United States. Gen. William T. Sherman succeeds Grant as commander in the west.
May 1864 - Grant and Lee in Virginia
May 4, 1864 - The beginning of a massive,
coordinated campaign involving all the Union Armies. In Virginia, Grant with an
Army of 120,000 begins advancing toward Richmond to engage Lee's Army of
Northern Virginia, now numbering 64,000, beginning a war of attrition that will
include major battles at:
In the west, Sherman, with 100,000 men begins an advance toward Atlanta to engage Joseph E. Johnston's 60,000 strong Army of Tennessee.
June 1864 - Cold Harbor, Siege of Petersburg
June 1-3, 1864 - Cold Harbor Virginia
Petersburg Siege (June 1864-April 1865)
June 15, 1864 - Union forces miss an opportunity to capture Petersburg and cut off the Confederate rail lines. As a result, a nine-month siege of Petersburg begins with Grant's forces surrounding Lee.
July 1864 - Sherman in Atlanta; The Crater in Virginia
July 20-28, 1864 - Atlanta Campaign
July 22, 1864 - Atlanta
July 30, 1864 - The Crater (Petersburg, VA)
The 13-inch Union mortar "Dictator" mounted on a
railroad flatcar at Petersburg. Its 200-pound shells had a range of over 2 miles.
August 21, 1864 - Weldon Railroad
Aug 29, 1864 - Democrats nominate George B. McClellan for president to run against Republican incumbent Abraham Lincoln.
September 1864 - Fall of Atlanta
Sept 2, 1864 - Union General Sherman's Army forces Hood to abandon Atlanta, the munitions center of the Confederacy. "Atlanta is ours, and fairly won," Sherman telegraphs Lincoln. The victory greatly helps President Lincoln's bid for re-election and boosts Northern morale. Sherman remained in Atlanta, resting his war-worn men and accumulating supplies, for nearly two-and-a-half months.
September 30, 1864 - 2nd Fort Harrison
October 1864 - The Shenandoah
October 1 - Vaughan Road
November 1864 - Sherman's March to the Sea
Nov 8, 1864 - Abraham Lincoln is re-elected president, defeating Democrat George B. McClellan. Lincoln carries all but three states with 55 percent of the popular vote and 212 of 233 electoral votes. "I earnestly believe that the consequences of this day's work will be to the lasting advantage, if not the very salvation, of the country," Lincoln tells supporters.
Nov 15, 1864 - After destroying Atlanta's warehouses and railroad facilities, Sherman, with 62,000 men begins a March to the Sea. President Lincoln, on advice from Grant, approved the idea. "I can make Georgia howl!" Sherman boasts. In the course of the march, he cut himself off from his source of supplies, planning for his troops to live off the land. His men cut a path 300 miles in length and 60 miles wide as they passed through Georgia, destroying factories, bridges, railroads, and public buildings.
December 1864 - Hood defeated at Nashville, Sherman reaches Savannah
Dec 15-16, 1864 - Nashville
December 13, 1864 - Fort McAllister
Dec 21, 1864 - Sherman reaches Savannah, Georgia leaving behind a 300 mile long path of destruction 60 miles wide all the way from Atlanta. Sherman then telegraphs Lincoln, offering him Savannah as a Christmas present.
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