Jan 1, 1863 - President Lincoln issues the final Emancipation Proclamation freeing all slaves in territories held by Confederates and emphasizes the enlisting of black soldiers in the Union Army. The war to preserve the Union now becomes a revolutionary struggle for the abolition of slavery. NARA Online Exhibit http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/featured_documents/emancipation_proclamation/ Explains how limited the "emancipation" really was and why the character of the war was changed from "states' rights" to "abolition of slavery".
Jan 25, 1863 - The president appoints Gen. Joseph ("Fighting Joe") Hooker as Commander of the Army of the Potomac, replacing Burnside.
Jan 29, 1863 - Gen. Grant is placed in command of the Army of the West, with orders to capture Vicksburg.
March 3, 1863 - The U.S. Congress enacts a draft, affecting male citizens aged 20 to 45, but also exempts those who pay $300 or provide a substitute. "The blood of a poor man is as precious as that of the wealthy," poor Northerners complain.
April 1863April 7, 1863 - Charleston Harbor
April 30-May 6, 1863 - Chancellorsville Campaign - The Union Army under Gen. Hooker is decisively defeated by Lee's much smaller forces at the Battle of Chancellorsville in Virginia as a result of Lee's brilliant and daring tactics. Confederate Gen. Stonewall Jackson is mortally wounded by his own soldiers. Hooker retreats. Union losses are 17,000 killed, wounded and missing out of 130,000. The Confederates, 13,000 out of 60,000.
"I just lost confidence in Joe Hooker," said Hooker later about his own lack of nerve during the battle.
May 10, 1863 - The South suffers a huge blow as Stonewall Jackson dies from his wounds, his last words, "Let us cross over the river and rest under the shade of the trees."
"I have lost my right arm," Lee laments.
May 1863 -- The Vicksburg Campaign.
June 3, 1863 - Gen. Lee with 75,000 Confederates launches his second invasion of the North, heading into Pennsylvania in a campaign that will soon lead to Gettysburg.
June 28, 1863 - President Lincoln appoints Gen. George G. Meade as commander of the Army of the Potomac, replacing Hooker. Meade is the 5th man to command the Union Army in less than a year.
July 1-3, 1863 - Battle of Gettysburg
July 4, 1863 - Vicksburg, the last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River, surrenders to Gen. Grant and the Army of the West after a six week siege. With the Union now in control of the Mississippi, the Confederacy is effectively split in two, cut off from its western allies.
July 18-September 7, 1863 -
Fort Wagner/Morris Island
August 17-December 31, 1863 -
September 7-8, 1863 - Charleston Harbor
Sept 19-20, 1863 - Chickamauga
September-November 1863 - Chattanooga Siege
Oct 16, 1863 - The president appoints Gen. Grant to command all operations in the western theater.
November 16 - Campbell's Station
Nov 19, 1863 -
President Lincoln delivers a
two minute speech, now known as the Gettysburg Address, at a ceremony dedicating
the Battlefield as a National Cemetery.
Nov 23-25, 1863 - The Rebel siege of Chattanooga ends as Union forces under Grant defeat the siege army of Gen. Braxton Bragg. During the battle, one of the most dramatic moments of the war occurs. Yelling "Chickamauga! Chickamauga!" Union troops avenge their previous defeat at Chickamauga by storming up the face of Missionary Ridge without orders and sweep the Rebels from what had been thought to be an impregnable position. "My God, come and see 'em run!" a Union soldier cries.
November-December, 1863 - Knoxville Siege
November 29, 1863 - Fort Sanders (Tennessee)
These CSA pages online since December 11, 1996.
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