South Carolina
in
The War Between the States
Timeline

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  • 1864
    [Under construction]


    March 9, 1864 - President Lincoln appoints Gen. Grant to command all of the armies of the United States. Gen. William T. Sherman succeeds Grant as commander in the west.

    May 1864 - Grant and Lee in Virginia

    May 4, 1864 - The beginning of a massive, coordinated campaign involving all the Union Armies. In Virginia, Grant with an Army of 120,000 begins advancing toward Richmond to engage Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, now numbering 64,000, beginning a war of attrition that will include major battles at:
    May 5-6, 1864 - The Wilderness
    May 6, 1864 - Port Walthall Junction
    May 8-21 - Spotsylvania Court House
    General Grant attacks Lee at Spotsylvania Court House, vowing to fight all summer if necessary.
    May 9, 1864 - Swift Creek
    May 12-16, 1864 - Drewry's Bluff (Proctor's Creek)
    May 17-June 16, 1864 - Bermuda Hundred
    May 23-26 - North Anna
    May 28 - Haw's Shop (Enon Church)

    In the west, Sherman, with 100,000 men begins an advance toward Atlanta to engage Joseph E. Johnston's 60,000 strong Army of Tennessee.

    June 1864 - Cold Harbor, Siege of Petersburg

    June 1-3, 1864 - Cold Harbor Virginia
    A costly mistake by Grant results in 7,000 Union casualties in twenty minutes during an offensive against fortified Confederates at Cold Harbor in Virginia. Many of the Union soldiers in the failed assault had predicted the outcome, including a dead soldier from Massachusetts whose last entry in his diary was, "June 3, 1864, Cold Harbor, Virginia. I was killed."

    Petersburg Siege (June 1864-April 1865)

    June 15, 1864 - Union forces miss an opportunity to capture Petersburg and cut off the Confederate rail lines. As a result, a nine-month siege of Petersburg begins with Grant's forces surrounding Lee.

    July 1864 - Sherman in Atlanta; The Crater in Virginia

    July 20-28, 1864 - Atlanta Campaign
    Union General ShermanConfederate General Hood At Atlanta, Georgia, Sherman's Union Army battles the Confederates, now under the command of Gen. John B. Hood, who replaced Johnston.

    July 22, 1864 - Atlanta

    July 30, 1864 - The Crater (Petersburg, VA)

    The Dictator The 13-inch Union mortar "Dictator" mounted on a railroad flatcar at Petersburg. Its 200-pound shells had a range of over 2 miles.

    August 1864

    August 21, 1864 - Weldon Railroad

    Aug 29, 1864 - Democrats nominate George B. McClellan for president to run against Republican incumbent Abraham Lincoln.

    September 1864 - Fall of Atlanta

    Sept 2, 1864 - Union General Sherman's Army forces Hood to abandon Atlanta, the munitions center of the Confederacy. "Atlanta is ours, and fairly won," Sherman telegraphs Lincoln. The victory greatly helps President Lincoln's bid for re-election and boosts Northern morale. Sherman remained in Atlanta, resting his war-worn men and accumulating supplies, for nearly two-and-a-half months.

    September 30, 1864 - 2nd Fort Harrison

    October 1864 - The Shenandoah

    October 1 - Vaughan Road
    October 7 - near Port Republic
    October 14 - near Strasburg
    October 19, 1864 - Cedar Creek / Belle Grove
    A decisive Union victory by Cavalry Gen. Philip H. Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley over Jubal Early's troops.

    November 1864 - Sherman's March to the Sea

    Nov 8, 1864 - Abraham Lincoln is re-elected president, defeating Democrat George B. McClellan. Lincoln carries all but three states with 55 percent of the popular vote and 212 of 233 electoral votes. "I earnestly believe that the consequences of this day's work will be to the lasting advantage, if not the very salvation, of the country," Lincoln tells supporters.

    Nov 15, 1864 - After destroying Atlanta's warehouses and railroad facilities, Sherman, with 62,000 men begins a March to the Sea. President Lincoln, on advice from Grant, approved the idea. "I can make Georgia howl!" Sherman boasts. In the course of the march, he cut himself off from his source of supplies, planning for his troops to live off the land. His men cut a path 300 miles in length and 60 miles wide as they passed through Georgia, destroying factories, bridges, railroads, and public buildings.

    December 1864 - Hood defeated at Nashville, Sherman reaches Savannah

    Dec 15-16, 1864 - Nashville
    Continuing his policy of taking the offensive at any cost, General John B. Hood brought his reduced Confederate army before the defenses of Nashville, where it was repulsed by General George H. Thomas on December 15-16, in the most complete victory of the war. Hood's Rebel Army of 23,000 is crushed at Nashville by 55,000 Federals. The Confederate Army of Tennessee ceases as an effective fighting force.

    December 13, 1864 - Fort McAllister
    After marching through Georgia for a month, Sherman stormed Fort McAllister on December 13, 1864, and captured Savannah itself eight days later.

    Dec 21, 1864 - Sherman reaches Savannah, Georgia leaving behind a 300 mile long path of destruction 60 miles wide all the way from Atlanta. Sherman then telegraphs Lincoln, offering him Savannah as a Christmas present.

           


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