Graphic by Victoria © 2011

South Carolina Ships' Lists
by Victoria Proctor

The Ship Carolina
by Victoria Proctor © 2005


It is difficult to establish a true and accurate passenger list for the ship Carolina, which was but one of three ships in a fleet carrying passengers to establish a permanent settlement in (South) Carolina. Captain Joseph West created a passenger list prior to leaving England, but researchers should be aware of the events which followed. Moreover, accounts vary on the total number of passengers arriving -- from as low as 92 to as high as 150 souls.

The ship Carolina sailed from Downs, England in August 1669 as principal vessel in the fleet, with the Port Royal and the Albemarle comprising the remaining ships. The fleet reached Barbados by October, where they stayed for several weeks. A storm on November 2nd sank the Albemarle at Barbados. Another ship, the Three Brothers, was leased to replace the lost ship and in late November, the fleet set out again for the Carolina coast but were caught in storms and separated from each other. The Port Royal was wrecked in the Bahamas by the storms, while the other two ships arrived in Bermuda 12 Jan 1670. On 26 Feb 1669/70, the Carolina and the Three Brothers set sail from Bermuda but storms blew the Three Brothers northward to the Virginia Colony.

The Carolina alone arrived at Bull's Island / Seewee Bay, a spot near present day Beaufort, about March 21st 1670, and a settlement was briefly established and named Fort Royal. Due to local problems, the settlers moved about 60 miles up the Ashley River to Albemarle Point, later named Charles Towne. In late May, the colonists aboard the Three Brothers arrived from the Virginia colony, and in early 1671 additional colonists begin to arrive from Barbados.

First Fleet: The Carolina

Commander of the fleet was Joseph West, whose list of passengers, made prior to leaving England, is one of the primary sources for the first settlers of the Colony.

Captain of The Carolina was Henry Brayne, whose list of seamen on the fleet is often referenced.

A partial list at this point, drawn from Joseph West's list and Land Warrants issued.

NOTE: on letters following a passenger / settler's name:
F = Free
S = Servant
S* = special category to indicate "servants" who either received a land warrant (e.g., an indentured servant who received land after his indenture), or a free individual who was traveling under the protection of another person (e.g., a wife).

  1. ALEXANDER, Richard. (S) [servant to F. O'Sullivan]
  2. ALLOURAN, Aaron. (S) [servant to F. O'Sullivan]
  3. BAILEY (Bayley), Joseph. (F)
  4. BARKER, Jonathan. (S*) [servant to S. Bull]
    In 1672 Stephen BULL claimed 100 acres for servant Jonathan Barker arriving First Fleet, land bounded by John Faulkoner & Ralph Marshall.
  5. BARLEY (Borley), John. (S) [servant to W. Owen]
  6. BEVIN, William. (S*)
    servant to F. O'Sullivan; later obtained 100 acres
  7. BRAYNE (Braine), Henry. (F) [Captain of The Carolina]
    Later took the Carolina to Virginia and returned with a wife, Dorcas.
  8. BULL, Barnaby. (F)
    received 150 acres.
  9. BULL, Stephen. (F) [Deputy for Lord Ashley]
    Land for transporting others:
    For Stephen Bull 400 acres for 2 servants Dudly Woodyer & John Larmott arriving in the First Fleet.
    For Stephen Bull 170 acres for 2 servants Robert Lockier & Simon Hughes arriving Aug., 1671.
    For Stephen Bull 100 acres for 1 servant Alexander Lilly arriving Apr. 1672.
  10. BURGES, William. (S) [servant to Joseph Dalton]
  11. BURNE (Boorne), Andrew. (S) [servant to P. Smith]
  12. CARTERET, Nicholas. (F)
  13. CHAMBERS, William. (S*) [servant to Joseph Dalton]
  14. COCKFIELD, William. (S*) [servant to P. Smith]
  15. COLE, Richard. (F) [carpenter of the Carolina]
    For Richard Cole 450 acres for him & 2 servants Dennis Mahonne & Richard Crossland arriving First Fleet, land bounded by John Coming & Joseph Dalton
  16. COMING, John. (F)
    John Coming 370 acres for him & Affera & ˝ share of John Neale arriving First Fleet
  17. DALE, John. (S) [servant to F. O'Sullivan]
  18. DALTON, Joseph. (F)
    commoner elected to the first Council
    For Joseph Dalton 1,150 acres for 7 servants George Prideaux, Tho. Young, Wm. Chambers, John Dawson, Wm. Rhodes, Wm. Burges, Jane Lawson arriving First Fleet, land bounded by Richard Cole, George Beadon, Hugh Carteret.
  19. DARKENWELL (Dartnell), Nathaniell. (S*)
    received land
  20. DAWSON, John. (S) [servant to Joseph Dalton]
  21. DEYOS (DYAS), Richard. (F)
    For Richard Deyos 300 acres for him & servant Christopher Edwards arriving in First Fleet, bounded by Thomas Norris & Anthony Churne
  22. DIMMOCKE (Dimock), Elizabeth. (S) [servant to F. O'Sullivan]
  23. DONNE (Done), Robert. (F)
    commoner elected to the first Council
  24. FITZPATRICK, Brian. (S) [servant to F. O'Sullivan]
  25. FRIZEN (Fraiser), John. (S*)
    later obtained 100 acres
  26. GRAY, George. (F) [Seaman on the Carolina]
  27. HUDLESWORTH (Huddleston), John. (S*) [servant to T. Smith]
  28. INGRAM (Ingrum), Thomas. (F)
    For Thomas Ingrum 150 acres arriving First Fleet
  29. KENNIS, Joanna. (F) [wife of Wm. Kennis]
  30. KENNIS, William. (F)
    For Wm. Kennis 400 acres for him & Joanna his wife & Wm. his son arriving First Fleet
  31. KENNIS, William. (F) [son of Wm. Kennis]
  32. LARMOUTH (Larmott), John. (S) [servant to S. Bull]
  33. LAWSON, Jane. (S) [servant to Joseph Dalton]
  34. MARE (More), John. (S) [servant to F. O'Sullivan]
  35. MARSHALL, Ralph. (F)
    commoner elected to the first Council
    Ralph Marshall 140 acres for him arriving First Fleet bd. [bounding] Samuel West & Thos. Norris & E. of Ashley River.
  36. MATTHEWS, Maurice. (F)
  37. O'SULLIVAN, Florence. (F) [Deputy for Sir Peter Colleton]
    For Flor. O’Sullivan 1,900 acres for him & 12 servants Eliz. Dimock, Rich. Alexander, Stephen Wheelwright, John Dale, John More, George White, Wm. Bevin, Bryan Fitzpatrick, Daniel Sullivan, John Scott, Aaron Allouran, Reige Shugeron arriving First Fleet
  38. OWENS (Owen), William. (F)
    For Wm. Owen 1,320 acres for himself, John Barley & Christopher Swaine, Wm. Scrivener, Robert Hunt, John Williams, Benjamin Gilbert arriving First Fleet.
    John Reese & Elizabeth Braine arriving 1670/71 & Thomas Clarke arriving 1671
  39. PRIDEOX, (Prideaux), George. (S) [servant to Joseph Dalton]
  40. RIXE, Alice (Aice). (S) [servant to T. Smith]
  41. ROADES (Rhodes), William. (S) [servant to Joseph Dalton]
  42. SAYLE, William. (F)
    First governor of Carolina (1670-1671)
  43. SCOTT, John. (S) [servant to F. O'Sullivan]
  44. SCRIVENER, William. (F)
  45. SEARLE, Andrew. (S) [servant to S. West]
  46. SHUGERON, Teige (Reige). (S) [servant to F. O'Sullivan]
  47. SMALLWOOD, Matthew. (S*) [servant to John Rivers]
  48. SMITH, Abraham. (S) [servant to J. West]
  49. SMITH, Elizabeth. (S) [servant to P. Smith]
  50. SMITH, Paul. (F)
    commoner elected to the first Council
  51. SMITH (Smyth), Thomas. (F)
  52. SULLIVAN, Daniel. (S) [servant to F. O'Sullivan]
  53. SWADE (Swaine), Christopher. (S*) [servant to W. Owen]
    later received 100 acres
  54. WEST, Joseph. (F)
    Second governor of Carolina (1671-1672), held two additional terms: 1674-1682 and 1684-1685
  55. WEST, Samuel. (F)
    commoner elected to the first Council
    For Samuel West 450 acres for him and 2 servants Wm. West & Andrew Searle arriving First Fleet. bd. Ralph Marshall.
  56. WEST, William. (S) [servant to S. West]
  57. WHEELWRIGHT, Stephen. (S*) [servant to F. O'Sullivan]
  58. WHITE, George. (S) [servant to F. O'Sullivan]
  59. WIGGLESWORTH (Wiggleston), Hugh. (S*) [servant to T. Smith]
    later received 100 acres
  60. WIDZIER (Woodyer), Dudley. (S) [servant to Stephen Bull]
  61. WILLIAMSON, John. (F)
    For John Williamson 450 acres for him and 2 servants Edmund Pursell & John Kinsell arriving First Fleet
  62. WORME, Thomas. (S*)
    later received 100 acres
  63. YOUNGE (Young), Thomas. (S) [servant to Joseph Dalton]


  1. MAHONNE, Dennis. (S) [servant to Richard Cole, see above]
  2. CROSSLAND, Richard. (S) [servant to Richard Cole, see above]


  • "The First South Carolinians" by St. Julien R. Childs,
    ("The South Carolina Historical Magazine", Vol. 71 (1970), pp. 101-108; Edited by Joseph I. Waring.)
  • "The Shaftsbury Papers", edited by Langdon Cheves.
    The settlers/passengers of the three ships wrote letters to Lord Anthony Ashley Cooper, the Earl of Shaftsbury, in England. He was one of the eight Lords Proprietors. John Locke, the Earl's secretary, organized and compiled papers for the Earl which are known as the "Shaftsbury Papers." The original Shaftsbury Papers are in England but copies may be found in many libraries.
  • Bermuda Historical Quarterly.
  • Lefroy. Memorials of the Bermudas.


Special thanks to Ray Timmons for providing a copy of "The First South Carolinians".


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