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The Battle of Cedar Creek
October 19, 1864

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Other Names: Belle Grove
Location: Frederick County, Shenandoah County and Warren County, VA
Campaign: Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign (August-December 1864)

Principal Commanders:
Union: Maj. Gen. Horatio Wright and Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan [US]
Confederate: Lt. Gen. Jubal Early [CS]

Forces Engaged: 52,945 total (US 31,945; CS 21,000)

Estimated Casualties: 8,575 total (US 5,665; CS 2,910)

Description: At dawn, October 19, 1864, the Confederate Army of the Valley under Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early surprised the Federal army at Cedar Creek and routed the VIII and XIX Army Corps.  Commander Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan arrived from Winchester to rally his troops, and, in the afternoon, launched a crushing counterattack, which recovered the battlefield.

Sheridan’s victory at Cedar Creek broke the back of the Confederate army in the Shenandoah Valley. Lincoln rode the momentum of Sheridan’s victories in the Valley and Sherman’s successes in Georgia to re-election.

Sources:
National Park Service
The Civil War, American Heritage (Doubleday, 1960)


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