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The Battle of Charleston Harbor
April 7, 1863

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Other Names: Fort Sumter
Location: Charleston County, South Carolina
Campaign: Operations against Defenses of Charleston (1863)

Principal Commanders:   Rear Adm. S.F. Du Pont [US]; Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard [CS]

Forces Engaged: 9 warships

Estimated Casualties: 36 total (US 22; CS 14)

Description:In April, Maj. Gen. David Hunter prepared his land forces on Folly, Cole's, and North Edisto Islands to cooperate with a naval bombardment of Fort Sumter. On April 7, the South Atlantic Squadron under Rear Admiral S.F. Du Pont bombarded Fort Sumter, having little impact on the Confederate defenses of Charleston Harbor. Although several of Hunterís units had embarked on transports, the infantry were not landed, and the joint operation was abandoned. The ironclad warships Keokuk, Weehawken, Passaic, Montauk, Patapsco, New Ironsides, Catskill, Nantucket, and Nahant participated in the bombardment.  Keokuk, struck more than 90 times by the accurate Confederate fire, sunk the next day.

Sources:
National Park Service
The Civil War, American Heritage (Doubleday, 1960)


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