The Barnwell Baptist Association, by Clara Johnston Hitt, 236 pages, published 1914
The Barnwell Baptist Association 1876-1885
This session of the Association was held with the Graham's church. The Introductory Sermon was preached by Rev. J. G. Williams from II Cor. 13:5.
The officers were reelected. Brethren B. F. Peeples, D. P. Sojourner and A. F. Free received and counted the votes.
George's Creek church was received into the Association.
In 1876 a successful effort was made by the white people of South Carolina to throw off the rule of aliens commonly known as Carpetbaggers. There had been riots in many parts of the State and political demonstrations. We find the following in the minutes : "In view of the good representation of churches by delegates, under the exciting and distracting condition of the country and with an earnest desire for peace and good order Brother Thomas Dawson was requested to lead in prayer."
Messengers were received from Saluda Association, the State Convention, the Barnwell Baptist Sunday School Convention and from Willow Swamp church.
Rev. A. W. Lamar preached at night and a collection of $5.25 was taken for State Missions.
On Saturday, prayer meeting was conducted by I Brother D. P. Sojourner. Rev. A. Buist preached from Rom. 7:3. Rev. W. D. McMillan preached at night.
On Sunday, Rev. W. A. Pearson preached the Charity Sermon from Rom. 12:1. Rev. Lucius Cuthbert preached at the same hour in the Methodist church from I Chron. 29:5. Rev. W. H. Dowling preached in the afternoon and Rev. A. Buist at night.
The work done at first by the body as a whole had come more and more to be entrusted to committees. Twelve committees were appointed : On Preaching, Finance, Letters, Nominations, Correspondence, Deceased Ministers, Union Meetings, Time and Place of Next Meeting, Education, State Missions, Foreign Missions, Auditing Committee. Each of these committees was expected to make a written report, which after being read to and approved by the Association, was printed in the minutes of the meeting. These reports were of more or less interest bearing the personal marks of the chairman of the committee. Several of the committees this year mention the "hard times," the "distracted state of the country," the "financial crisis."
The General Committee, which was again continued, had found it impossible to raise the amount from the churches asked for for the aid of the beneficiaries.
Only six churches: Hunter's Chapel, Long Branch, Mt. Tabor, Philadelphia, St. John's and Williston, had complied with the request to report in the financial table, showing all contributions made during the year. Collections at the associational meetings had become more and more frequent. They had not met the demand for increased amounts of moneys. This financial table scheme was an effort to increase contributions throughout the year. Along with this we find a beginning of the apportionment system, the first apportionment, that of last year, being for the aid of our beneficiaries and being only partially successful. The body still voted to send. off moneys in hand to the objects for which they were contributed.
We find statements of an appeal for aged Brethren Dawson and Suares followed by small collections, the Widows and Orphans' Fund voted to blind Sister Margaret Hiers; we also find the churches pledging themselves as a body to send monthly contributions to the Barnwell church for the support of Brother Suares.
We find this significant resolution, "That hereafter, all amounts contributed to this Association, for benevolent and other purposes, be paid into the hands of the Treasurer who alone is authorized to receipt for and disburse the same, under direction of this body."
A committee of three was appointed to cooperate with the General Committee in raising funds for our beneficiaries, Brethren Hickson and O'Bannon.
Money to the amount of $50 and fifteen bushels of corn was given to the Students' Fund.
Sunday's collection was divided among State and Foreign Missions and Brother Hickson. It amounted to $26.10.
Money sent up to the Association including Sunday's collection amounted to $175.05. During the year $103.80 was paid to State Missions and $310.65 to our beneficiaries.
The next meeting was appointed to meet at Ghent's Branch church (note change in spelling Ghent's instead of Gent's), Rev. W. D. McMillan to preach the Introductory, and Rev. F. J. Sanders, the Charity, Sermon.
The twenty second session of the Association met with the (Ghent's Branch church. The Introductory Sermon was preached by Rev. W. D. McMillan from II Peter 3 :18.
Rev. J. F. Buist was continued as Moderator, Rev. W. D. McMillan as Clerk, and Isaac A. Blanton was elected Treasurer.
Midway and Cypress Chapel churches were received into the. Association.
Rev. W. A. Pearson led in prayer for our much loved and aged brother, Rev. Wm. Brooker, for many years Moderator of this body, now afflicted.
Messengers were present from the Edisto, Savannah River and Orangeburg Associations and from the Barnwell Baptist Sunday School Convention.
After prayer meeting on Saturday, Rev. W. D. Rice preached in the church and Rev. P. J. Hiers in the grove. In the afternoon our beneficiary, Rev. F. C. Hickson, preached from John 9:4.
On Sunday the attendance was very large. Rev. F. J. Sanders preached the Charity Sermon from Matt. 20:6. ; Rev. C. A. Baynard preached in the grove. "Thus another golden Sabbath of privileges and opportunities passed into the ocean of eternity."
Rev. George Walker, a member of St. John's church and for many years its pastor, had passed to his final reward. "He was possessed with a spirit of zeal, and labored faithfully in his Master's cause, always ready to every good word and work."
The Association sustained another great loss in the death of Jones M. Williams, for many years the chairman of the General Committee, and "one of its wisest and safest counsellors."
The General Committee had during the year limited their work to providing for the aid of F. C. Hickson at Furman University. The churches had been slow to respond to their work, having contributed only $75.79.
The General Committee for the ensuing year was appointed as follows : D. P. Sojourner, J. W. Hair and B. F. Peeples.
Rev. M. R. Suares as chairman of the Committee of Foreign Missions presented a strong plea for the conversion of the heathen.
Almost a third of the churches had nothing to say or complained of coldness. Seven Pines was unrepresented. Of the thirty four churches thirteen sent up partial statistics showing moneys contributed during the year for various objects.
Moneys sent up to the Association amounted to $305.43 including $25.54 collected on Sunday. Sunday's contributions were equally divided among State Missions, Foreign Missions and Brother Hickson.
A collection of $10.33 was divided among Brethren Brooker, Suares, Woodward and Dawson. The churches were recommended to continue their plan of relief for our aged and afflicted Brother Suares.
A committee of seven members was appointed to report at next meeting some well digested plan for systematic giving.
The Committee on Education through Chairman W. . A. Pearson asked for continued support for Furman University and the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary now "removed from our borders," and also asked for a plan to raise funds for Ministerial Education. A committee was appointed to devise a plan for educating our beneficiary. It was determined to have three women in each church collect and forward funds for this purpose.
Chairman J. G. Williams of committee on State Missions made the statement that the churches prove to be of Christ when they preach the Gospel to the poor. Bro. C. M. McJunkin, of The Baptist Courier, presented its claims and was recommended to the brethren.
Several churches pledged themselves for amounts for a "Students' Fund."
The Aiken church had been burned by fire. Rev. Lucius Cuthbert asked for a contribution toward rebuilding. The sum of $13.35 was collected and pledges from many churches. A collection and pledges were also secured by the Midway church for building purposes.
In addition to the list of ministers in 1873 the following were added in 1877: G. W. Hicks, Greenland; W. A. Pearson, Barnwell; J. L. Rollins, Reeves; M. R.
Suares, Barnwell; W. B. Wells, Buford's Bridge. Rev. W. H. Dowling had removed from the Association. The next Association was appointed to meet at Long
Branch, Rev. G. W. Hicks to preach the Introductory, and Rev. J. G. Williams, the Charity, Sermon.
The twenty third session of the Barnwell Association was held according to appointment at Long Branch. Rev. G. W. Hicks preached the Introductory Sermon from Jas. 5:20.
The former officers were reelected.
The Savannah River, Edisto and Edgefield Associations and the Barnwell Baptist Sunday School Convention sent messengers.
Rev. S. E. Woodward led in prayer for our beloved and aged brother, Rev. Wm. Brooker, because of protracted and severe affliction.
The Association appointed a committee to suggest a plan for the spiritual advancement of the colored Baptists within the associational bounds. This committee through Chairman W. D. McMillan lamented their lack of spiritual instruction. A second committee to plan for them was appointed. This committee was composed of Brethren W. D. McMillan, J. G. Williams, W. D. Rice, W. A. Pearson and D. P. Sojourner,
On Saturday Rev. S. E. Woodward conducted prayer meeting; Rev. W. D. Rice preached, also Rev. J. L. Rollins in the grove.
After the presentation of the claims of The Baptist' Courier by Rev. Gardner and Rev. J. G. Williams a" committee was appointed to receive subscriptions. After intermission, Dr. W. B. Carson preached.
On Sunday a large congregation heard Rev. J.' G.* Williams preach from Jas. 1:27. After intermission' Rev. L. Cuthbert preached from Judges 16:6. There were services in the grove at the same hour, and in the neighborhood at night.
A committee was appointed to inquire why Barnwell and Edisto churches were unrepresented. Mt. Tabor church was given a letter of dismission to unite with the Charleston Association.
Chairman G. W. Hicks for the Committee on Systematic Benevolence proposed that each farmer set apart the proceeds of one or more acres, each lawyer the fees from one good case, each merchant the profits of one or more days, and those of other businesses follow the same plan. Three fourths of this was to be placed in the church treasury and the other fourth was to be given as the individual decided best. Two delegates from each church were appointed to bring the plan before the churches.
Chairman A. Buist for the Committee on Letters reported a gracious outpouring of the Holy Spirit as shown in their reports, but small contributions to religious purposes. Prayer meetings in the churches were recommended.
Chairman J. G. Williams for the Committee on Correspondence expressed gratefulness for an increased membership and the common blessings of Providence, freedom from yellow fever, and an abundance of provisions though the cotton crop was short.
Chairman M. R. Suares for the Committee on Education lamented the inefficiency of the public schools and advocated the learning of one thing well rather than many things superficially. He spoke of the power of education and advised more attention to "the education of our daughters" and also a more liberal patronage of Ministerial Education.
Chairman W. D. Rice for the committee on State Missions reported contributions for the past year amounting to $93.97, just $2.76 for each church. "This is too little for our means." Most of the associations were at this time working through the State Mission Board at Columbia to send the Gospel to destitute places in South Carolina.
Chairman W. A. Pearson of the Committee on Foreign Missions said the majority of our churches are missionary in name but antimissionary in fact. Some of our returned missionaries are begging the Board to send them back to China. When our fathers used to pray for Foreign Missions, their cry was, "Lord, open the way for the preaching of the Gospel among the nations that sit in darkness." When this prayer had been heard they cried, "Lord, give us men to carry the Gospel." And now our cry should be "Open the hearts of the people to contribute of their means to spread a knowledge of the truth as it is in Jesus." It is sinful disloyalty to Christ to excuse ourselves from the command, "Go ye into all the world and preach the Gospel to every creature." Every pastor ought to preach one straightforward missionary sermon to each of his churches each year.
The General Committee had confined themselves to aiding F. C. Hickson at the University but had received little aid from either pastor or laity. The General Committee was unchanged.
Rev. A. Buist led in prayer in behalf of Governor Hampton on account of his painful accident.
Rev. J. L. Rollins was made Colporteur.
The sum of $21.64 was contributed and divided between Bethesda and Midway to erect houses of worship. A collection of $41 was divided among our aged brethren, Brooker, Snares and Woodward.
The moneys sent up amounted to $340.24 including $42.11 collected on Sunday and $41 collected on Monday. Sunday's collection was equally divided between State and Foreign Missions. An effort had again been made to give a financial table of expenditures during the year but only twelve churches made a partial report.
The General Committee was empowered to devise and put into operation some plan to aid Brother Hickson, who was retained as beneficiary.
The next meeting was appointed to be held at Great Saltkehatchie, Rev. W. D. Rice to preach the Introductory, and Rev. W. A. Pearson, the Charity, Sermon, and Bro. W. H. Duncan to make a Sunday School address.
The twenty fourth session of the Barnwell Baptist Association met with the Great Saltkehatchie church. Rev. W. D. Rice preached the Introductory Sermon.
The former officers were reelected.
Messengers were received from the Savannah River Association and from the Barnwell Baptist Sunday School Convention.
Mt. Arnon church was received into the body. Barnwell and Edisto churches gave reasons for nonrepresentation at the last meeting.
Rev. W. A. Pearson moved that standing rule 5 be suspended and that after preaching on Saturday the Association proceed to business. It had been the rule to devote Saturday to exercises of a devotional nature.
On motion of Rev. W. D. Rice it was decided to nominate one delegate to the Southern Baptist Convention for every hundred dollars contributed by this Association.
On Saturday Rev. J. G. Williams preached from Isaiah 53:11. Rev. A. Buist preached in the grove from II Tim. 3:12.
Rev. W. B. Carson was given an opportunity to speak of a book he intended to publish. He obtained a number of subscribers as did Bro. James Hoyt also for The Baptist Courier, which he represented.
Professor G. O. Robinson entertained the Association with excellent music.
A collection of $9.56 was taken up for Midway church.
On Sunday a large assemblage of persons met at an early hour. Prayer meeting was conducted by Revs. P. J. Hiers and J. M. Morrow. Bro. W. H. Duncan addressed the young men. His address on Joshua was listened to with marked attention. Rev. W. A. Pearson preached the Charity Sermon. Rev. W. D. McMillan preached in the grove from Rom. 8:1. In the afternoon, Rev. A. B. Estes preached from Luke 19:10.
The Committee on State Missions reported through Chairman J. M. Bostick that last year's financial report showed that 3,500 professed followers contributed $97 for missions at home, $53 for Foreign Missions and less than $300 for all objects of benevolence, this sum being insufficient to support one missionary.
The Committee on Foreign Missions, through Chairman F. J. Sanders spoke of the work of Jesus and of the great commission. He ended as follows : "But, dear brethren, what have we done for the Foreign Mission Board? Little, yea, exceedingly little. Oh, is it not a sad omen? We claim to be the successors of holy and liberal men. We may be in theory and sentiment, but practically we deny the kinship and covet our gold. What loud appeals for aid are now echoing and reechoing from the distant lands in heathen darkness, whose people bow and worship lifeless gods of stock and stone, while we in this Christian land of Bibles know Jesus as our Saviour and as the King of Kings and Lord of Lords. Why then stand ye all the day idle? Oh, pray not thy Kingdom come, unless you sustain your prayers by your purse. A kind providence has recently smiled upon us financially, civilly and politically. Oh then, in gratitude to the Giver of all good and perfect gifts, in the name and for the sake of Jesus, help the cause of Foreign Missions. For that essential Board of Christian work much needs and today sadly misses our prayers and funds. May the constituents of the Association, and especially the ministers of this body, use their influence, as good stewards of God, in bringing about a new element of love for missions that we may in our weakness and poverty aid in culminating the happy and long anticipated day, when 'Swords shall be beaten into plow-shares, and spears into pruning hooks 'when nation shall lift up sword against nation no more forever."
Rev. J. G. Williams made a stirring speech on our duty in reference to Foreign Missions. "From Greenland's Icy Mountain" was sung with great enthusiasm, and a contribution of $51.68 was made to the cause, after which a prayer led by Rev. J. M. Bostick was offered in behalf of the work.
Chairman W. D. Rice for the Committee on Letters reported the condition of the churches as variable. Some reported revivals with small additions but most of them seemed to have retrograded. "The contributions were painfully small with the exception of the Barnwell, Williston, Blackville, Great Saltkehatchie and Philadelphia churches." The committee suggested that the pastors and deacons stimulate the churches to greater interest in Foreign, Home and State Missions. They favored the acreage system.
Chairman W. A. Pearson for the Committee on Education reminded the Association of the duty of educating the children. The committee said that the public schools could not take the responsibility of educating our children out of the hands of parents and guardians. Parents are responsible to God for the education of their children. The Baptist brotherhood ought to patronize Furman University, which affords opportunities as good as any within our reach, and saves students from influence at variance with our Baptist views.
The General Committee consisting of D. P. Sojourner, J. W. Hair, B. F. Peeples with the Clerk and Treasurer of the Association was continued. The Committee through Chairman D. P. Sojourner reported that Brother F. C. Hickson no longer had need of help as beneficiary at Furman University and recommended that the churches aid the Committee in raising funds for Foreign Missions. "We feel that there has been neglect on the part of our churches in regard to this important field of labor."
Article II of the Constitution was amended to read : "This Association shall be composed of the regularly ordained ministers of the Gospel whose membership shall be with the churches comprising this body, and who shall be duly vouched for by said churches, and of members chosen by the respective churches in their union, not to exceed three such members, who shall be duly authorized by letter to represent the churches delegating them. Provided, however, that any church may be admitted, either by delegate or letter, if the Association deem it expedient and proper so to do."
Standing Rule 5, which was suspended at the beginning of this meeting, was changed so that the Association shall meet on Tuesday instead of Friday before the second Sunday in November. The new rule did not provide for .the religious exercises of Saturday and Sunday as heretofore. It provided only for an Introductory Sermon, the devotional feature strongly emphasized by Rev. W. T. Sanders at the organization in 1856 being lost sight of.
The next meeting was appointed to be held at Williston, Tuesday before the second Lord's Day in November, 1880, Rev. J. M. Bostick to preach the Introductory, and Rev. J. F. Buist, the Charity, Sermon.
The Finance Committee reported $420.47 sent up to the Association. This included $81.68 collected on Monday and $36.09 collected on Sunday.
The twenty fifth session of the Association met at Williston on Tuesday before the second Sunday in November, 1880.
The appointee being absent, Rev. R. W. Sanders preached the Introductory Sermon.
The former officers were reelected.
Messengers were received from the Edisto and Orangeburg Associations and from the Barnwell Baptist Sunday School Convention.
Chairman W. H. Duncan of the Committee on Correspondence advised as the duty of the Baptists of South Carolina the shaping of our laws so as to prohibit the distillation, sale and use of intoxicating liquors in our State. That this be done by prayer, by interesting our neighbors in the work, by securing the help of the present representatives in the General Assembly, by requesting every minister to acquaint himself with the advantages of such laws and to preach before each congregation one sermon advocating such a law, and by living lives of sobriety ourselves. This report was held over till Wednesday, discussed by Brethren Getsinger, Williams, A. Buist, Rice, Miller and others. Special prayer was offered by Rev. W. D. Rice, after which the report was adopted. Rev. J. G. Williams then offered the following resolution which was adopted:
"Resolved, That a committee be appointed to memorialize the Legislature to enact such laws as in their wisdom may prohibit the manufacture and traffic in intoxicating liquors, and that the State Convention and other associations and our Methodist brethren be invited to unite their efforts and influence with ours is the same purpose."
The committee appointed consisted of J. G. Williams, W. D. McMillan, W. H. Duncan, A. Buist, I. A. Blanton, W. D. Rice and J. F. Buist. Brethren Strickland and Hoyt were asked to become messengers between this and other corresponding bodies and to present the resolutions of this Association relative to the manufacture and sale of intoxicating liquors.
The Committee on Home Missions through Chairman W. D. McMillan called attention to the need of sending the Gospel to the Indians on the frontier.
On Tuesday night Revs. A. Buist and J. G. Williams made addresses on Foreign Missions. A collection of $24.50 was taken up.
A very able Missionary Sermon was preached on Wednesday by Rev. J. F. Buist and a collection was taken for Foreign Missions.
Rev. W. H. Strickland, of the State Mission Board, presented that work. Rev. J. G. Williams, as chairman of the Committee on State Missions, read the report. He said: "There is but one mission: the great World Mission." By a chain of masterful reasoning he proved it. Jesus he characterized as a State missionary. He then called attention to the need of mission work in South Carolina. A collection of $107.20 was then taken up for this work. At night Rev. W. H. Strickland preached and a collection of $12.60 was taken up.
Chairman W. D. Rice, for the Committee on Foreign Missions, named Rev. H. A. Tupper, Richmond, Va., Corresponding Secretary of the Board, called attention to the Foreign Mission Journal, said we had twelve missionaries and fifteen native assistants in China, three missionaries and three native assistants in Africa, ten missionaries in Italy, one in Brazil, and an organized Baptist church. He urged the formation of woman's mission societies and the appointment of a committee of male members in each church to look after Foreign Missions. The total amount collected by the Southern Baptist Convention for Foreign Missions being $50,043.67.
The Finance Committee reported moneys sent up to the Association to the amount of $429.63. The Association again adopted the acreage plan for systematic giving, and endorsed Secretary Strickland's, of the State Mission Board, cash in advance plan for future work, recommended a collection in December for the purpose and invited Secretary Strickland to visit the churches and take collections for State Missions during the month of February.
A resolution was adopted asking the churches to raise funds to assist the Savannah River Association to support an additional missionary.
Chairman F. J. Sanders reported for the Committee on Letters a healthy spiritual condition with few accessions, and an improvement in finances which are still exceedingly small on the part of some of the churches. He insisted that each church inaugurate some plan for raising funds for the evangelization of the world.
The Executive Committee was retained. The General Committee was now first called the Executive Committee. The Executive Committee had spent the year in trying to arouse an interest in missions. Circulars had been sent to each church asking for twenty cents per member for missions. The following churches contributed as much or more than asked for: Bamberg, Barnwell, Blackville, Cypress Chapel, Elko, George's Creek, Healing Springs, Rosemary, Springtown, Williston.
A collection of $25 was divided among Brethren Suares, Woodward and Sister Brooker.
Brother J. A. Hoyt presented the claims of The Baptist Courier.
By motion of Rev. A. Buist it was suggested to the Board of Trustees of Furman University that the bondsmen be relieved from the payment of fifty per cent of the face value of their bonds and that the plan of free tuition be abandoned.
Mt. Calvary church was given a collection of $13.98.
The Moderator congratulated the body on the harmony which prevailed, the increased interest in all the various Christian enterprises, the liberality in contributions, and exhorted the brethren to a continuance of effort for the more rapid extension of the Master's Kingdom.
The next meeting was appointed to meet at Bamberg on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday before the second Sunday in November, 1881, Bro. F. C. Hickson to preach the Introductory, and Bro. A. Buist, the Missionary Sermon. Rev. J. J. Getsinger was chairman of the Committee on Time and Place of Next Meeting which first named the Charity Sermon the Missionary Sermon.
In 1881 the Barnwell Baptist Association met with the Bamberg church.
The Introductory Sermon was preached by Rev. F. C. Hickson from Eph. 6:10.
The former officers were reelected.
The following bodies sent messengers: The Savannah River, Edisto, Edgefield and Orangeburg Associations, The Barnwell Baptist Sunday School Convention and Furman University.
Harmony and Willow Swamp churches were received into the Association.
There was preaching at night by Rev. L. Cuthbert from Col. 3:6.
The Committee on Letters through Chairman F. J. Sanders recommended that hereafter the annual letters "have fewer words and more cash."
Chairman W. D. McMillan for the Committee on State Missions reported increased interest in State Mission work and increased contributions to that work during the year.
Chairman J. G. Williams for the Committee on Foreign Missions said that the heathen now as never before are showing a willingness to consider the claims of the Gospel. God is putting it into the hearts of his people to give the Gospel to the heathen. Every pulpit should frequently present the claims of Foreign Missions. Our people should be encouraged to read our missionary papers. There ought to be a Woman's Missionary Society in every church. Missionary instruction ought to be a part of Sunday School instruction. Foreign Missions are best promoted by the vigorous prosecution of State Missions and education. And effective aid would be given to Foreign Missions by colportage.
Rev. A. Buist preached the Missionary Sermon from Rom. 5 :5.
A collection of $36.45 was divided among State, Home and Foreign Missions.
Chairman G. N. Askew for the Committee on Home Missions spoke of the need of work among the Chinese in California, among the Indians and the Negroes. Opportunities and obligations, said he, were never greater than today.
Chairman A. Buist for the Committee on Education said that the prime object of education is to develop true manhood and womanhood. The heart must be cultivated as well as the head. No life can be truly great which is not truly good. To render education complete the whole man: physical, intellectual and moral, must be developed. Education like light never ascends but always descends. Colleges, universities, and high schools are indispensable to the education of the masses. Hence Baptists ought to rally to the rescue of Furman University.
Rev. Dr. Manly spoke in behalf of Furman University and obtained $105 in cash and pledges for that institution.
Deacon J. Walton Hair, long a member of the Executive Committee, had died during the year. We find resolutions upon a page in the minutes dedicated to his memory. We quote as follows: "That in the death of Bro. J. W. Hair, the county has lost one of its very best citizens, the church a most valued member, the cause of Jesus an active, consistent and liberal worker, his family an affectionate husband and parent, and the community in which he lived a wise counselor."
The Executive Committee was appointed as follows: D. P. Sojourner, G. W. M. Williams and B. F. Peeples with the Clerk and Treasurer of the Association.
The Executive Committee reported having again sent out circulars asking for twenty cents per member for missions and having appointed an agent in each church. The results were unsatisfactory. The churches which raised the amount asked for or more were Bamberg, Barnwell, Blackville, Ghent's Branch, Great Salkehatchie, Philiadelphia, Rosemary, Springtown, and Williston.
The Finance Committee reported moneys sent up amounting to $443.95 including the general collection of $36.42, and also the mass meeting collection of $18.84 for Foreign Missions.
Rev. W. H. Strickland had collected $47.61 for State Missions not included in the above. Nine of the churches had pledged $75 to Furman University. The body had passed resolutions endorsing Furman University, Greenville Female College, and Patrick's Military School.
Rev. L. Cuthbert asked aid to build a house for Fairmount church. A number of brethren made pledges.
Bro. J. A. Hoyt presented The Baptist Courier, and Bro. Williams sold a number of Carson's "Essays in Theology and Philosophy."
The next meeting was appointed to be held at Barnwell on Friday before the third Sunday in November, 1882. Rev. G. N. Askew was appointed to preach the Introductory Sermon and Rev. W. D. Rice the Missionary Sermon.
The Clerk appended a note to the minutes saying that only three out of thirty six churches had sent up a Financial Table report and urging the churches to send up such a report.
A contribution of $19.20 had been made during the meeting to Brethren Suares and Woodward.
We find in the minutes of this Association this interesting "Recapitulation of Money Raised by the Association during the year."
For Minutes $ 56.50
Associational Purposes 15.30
Indigent Ministers 8.05
State Missions 452.6a
Home Missions 87.79
Foreign Missions 213.67
Theological Seminary 10.10
There are reasons to believe that the total contributions to all objects was something more than this. Our people could not see the necessity for statistics and it must have been difficult to arrive at even this.
It is also interesting to note that six churches reported a small colored membership.
The session of the Barnwell Baptist Association for 1882 was held with the church at Barnwell.
Rev. G. N. Askew preached the Introductory Sermon.
The officers of the preceding year were again elected.
Messengers were received from the Charleston, Savannah River, Edisto, Orangeburg, and Santee Associations, the Barnwell Baptist Sunday School Convention, The Baptist Courier, and Furman University.
The Committees on Education, State, Home and Foreign Missions were made Standing Committees.
Fairmount church was received into the body.
At night Rev. J. C. Browne preached an able sermon to a large congregation.
Chairman J. G. Williams for the Committee on Home Missions, after explaining the need for Home Missions, stated that the field of the Board at this time was New Orleans, the Indians in the West and the Chinese in California. Dr. S. Landrum being missionary in New Orleans, and Bro. J. B. Hartwell continuing the work in California begun by our beloved brother, Rev. J. L. Shuck, of this Association. After the report on Home Missions Dr. Furman spoke and a collection of $31.37 in cash and $12 in pledges was taken up.
The Committee on State Missions through Chairman A. Buist reported success in the work. Jesus taught, said he, to go and preach the Gospel to all nations beginning at Jerusalem. "We lay it down as a religious maxim that he who does the best for the salvation of his own people will be an earnest and faithful worker for the salvation of the world." Barnwell Association contributed for State Missions during the year 1879 $246.91 and during the year 1881 $525. "Let us, brethren, pray more perseveringly and give more liberally, remembering that giving is essential to the spiritual life and growth, both of the individual and the church."
Sunday's collection was voted to State Missions. It amounted to $52.30. On Saturday night after preaching by Rev. Lucius Cuthbert and an address by Dr. Furman a collection of $59.75 was taken up for State Missions.
After preaching on Sunday night by Dr. J. C. Furman, Chairman W. D. McMillan made the report for the Committee on Foreign Missions. He deplored that more than three fourths of the world's inhabitants are yet without the Gospel. We are ready, said he, to respond to the cries of famine or of scourge. "Passing strange to men and a wonder to angels it must surely be, that Christians extend so much of sympathy and contribute so much of money to relieve physical distress and so little to save human souls." During the past year the Baptists of South Carolina gave $8,000 for Foreign and $10,000 for State Mission work.
Chairman G. N. Askew of the Committee on Digest of Letters reported the churches in a healthy condition, peace and harmony prevailing. The committee recommended that all churches keep a strict account of monies contributed and send up such an account in the Financial Table.
Nine churches made such a report this year, only three having done so a year ago. Dr. Furman and others urged the churches to exercise more care in the preparation of the Financial Table. The showing of the churches was not as creditable as it might have been because much done did not appear on record.
Large congregations heard Rev. W. D. Rice and Rev. L. Cuthbert, respectively, at the Baptist and Presbyterian churches on Sunday morning. Services were also held at the colored Baptist and Methodist churches by Revs. J. F. Buist and F. C. Hickson. A Sunday School mass meeting was held in the afternoon. After instructive and interesting addresses by Rev. W. D. McMillan and Dr. Furman a collection was taken to be equally divided between State Missions and the Mary Harley Fund.
Chairman W. H. Duncan, of the Committee on Education, asked that the excellent report of last year, which had been written by Rev. A. Buist, be reprinted this year. This was done.
A resolution was passed expressing gratification at the progress of Furman University. Dr. J. C. Furman had presented the claims of Furman University and had received a collection of $56.47.
Chairman J. W. Blanton, of a Committee on History of the Churches, recommended the appointment of a suitable person to compile as rapidly as practicable a concise history of the churches within this Association and also of the Association and report at the next meeting of the Association. The committee named by resolution to write these histories consisted of J. M. Bostick, A. Buist, F. J. Sanders, John G. Williams, and W. D. McMillan. :
The Executive Committee was unchanged. This committee through Chairman D. P. Sojourner reported financial embarrassment of the country as a hindrance to the work of missions. The committee had asked twenty cents from each church member. Many complied with the request. Some did more. Others did little. Rev. J. J. Getsinger "has been doing some mission work on the Port Royal railroad without compensation, which we trust this Association will give some consideration."
Brother Sojourner asked for the appointment of a committee whose duty should be to lay out work for the Executive Committee. The unanimous expression of opinion was that no such committee was needed, the Executive Committee being fully empowered to devise, lay out and execute any plan which it may deem proper for the advancement of God's glory and the progress of the Redeemer's Kingdom within the bounds of the Association.
The roll call was omitted on Monday because of the severe inclemency of the weather.
Hickory Grove explained her nonrepresentation at last session. Committees were sent to churches not represented at this session.
Brother J. A. Hoyt presented The Baptist Courier.
Monies sent up to the Association and contributed during the meeting amounted to $810.74. All money raised and reported through the Treasurer during the year amounted to $1,048.33.
A collection was added to the Indigent Ministers' Fund making $30 to be divided among Brethren Suares and Woodward and Sisters Brooker and Baxley. It was determined to appoint an agent in each church to collect money for this fund.
A contribution of $4.00 was given to build a house of worship at Reevesville.
The Willow Swamp church asked for a letter of dismission.
The next meeting was appointed to be held at Blackville on Friday before the second Sunday in November, 1883, Rev. W. D. McMillan to preach the Introductory, and Rev. J. M. Bostick, the Missionary, Sermon.
THE TWENTY-EIGHTH SESSION-1883.
The twenty eighth session of. the Barnwell Baptist Association was held with the Blackville church, on Friday before the third Sunday in November, 1883.
The Introductory Sermon was preached by Rev. W. D. McMillan from Mark 14:72.
The former officers were reelected.
The Savannah River, Edisto, and Orangeburg Associations sent messengers to this meeting as also the Barnwell Baptist Sunday School Convention, The Baptist Courier, Furman University, and the State Mission Board.
At night a large congregation heard Rev. J. C. Browne preach.
On Saturday prayer service was conducted by our venerable brother, Rev. Samuel Woodward.
Brother J. A. Hoyt spoke for Furman University and The Baptist Courier.
Rev. J. M. Hoover, in affliction, wrote asking for compensation for preaching in destitute places. A collection of $13.00 was sent to him.
Rev. M. R. Suares presented his Memorial of Mrs. Harley and sold a number of copies.
On Friday night Rev. R. H. Griffith, Corresponding Secretary of the State Mission Board, gave an instructive account of State Mission work. He was given a cash contribution of $100.
The Committee on State Missions, through Chairman F. J. Sanders, reviewed the need of work for State Missions, called attention to the sacrifices of the few and the inactivity of the many and urged upon all to give freely.
Rev. L. Cuthbert preached the Charity Sermon from Acts 16:9. At the same hour Rev. W. D. Rice preached in the Methodist church from Prov. 1 :24-26. A total collection of $44.91 was taken. Rev. J. J. Getsinger preached in the colored Baptist church.
A Sunday School mass meeting addressed by Revs. Sawyer, Hiers, J. F. Buist, and McMillan was held in the afternoon.
Sunday night was devoted to Home Missions. Rev. L. Cuthbert preached. A contribution of $40.21 was made. Services were held in the colored Baptist and Methodist churches by Revs. J. F. Buist and S. B. Sawyer. Rev. J. A. Mundy preached in the Presbyterian church at the same time.
The Committee on Home Missions through Chairman G. N. Askew summed up the work in California, Indian Territory, Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, Florida, among the Negroes, and in church building.
The Indigent Ministers' Fund on hand was divided among Brethren M. R. Saures and Samuel Woodward and Sister Brooker, as also a collection of $15.35.
Fairmount church was given a contribution of $11.77.
Brother J. G. Williams asked help to erect a house of worship at Allendale. A collection and pledges to the amount of $77.20 was obtained. It was resolved that pastors would be requested to take a collection in December for the Allendale church. The "Beneficiary Fund" on hand was divided between Fairmount and Allendale.
Rev. A. Buist, chairman of Committee on Foreign Missions, reported. The purpose of God, said he, the Spirit of Christ and of Christians is the missionary spirit. Therefore, we have adopted the great commission of our Lord and Master as our report.
The Executive Committee had asked for fifty cents for missions from each member of each church. Some have given more. Fairmount doubled the amount asked for. One man in each church was appointed to try to raise the amount asked for.
The Executive Committee for the ensuing year was appointed as follows: D. P. Sojourner, B. F. Peeples, W. R. Boynton, with the Clerk and Treasurer.
Chairman J. G. Williams reported for the Committee on Education. "Christianity has done much for education, and education has done much for Christianity." Education gives influence, and influence adds greatly to one's power for doing good.
"We cannot urge too strongly upon our brethren their duty to educate their sons and daughters." For our sons, there is Furman University, and for our daughters, Greenville Female College, the Cooper-Limestone Institute, and the Anderson Female Seminary under Rev. L. M. Ayer, of Barnwell.
The Committee on Correspondence urged intelligent, systematized, patient labor for the Negroes.
The money sent up to this meeting amounted to $771.56. All monies raised during the year as reported by the Treasurer amounted to $1,230.33.
The next meeting was appointed to meet on Thursday before the second Sunday in November, 1884; at Allen's Chapel, Rev. G. N. Askew to preach the Introductory, and Rev. Arthur Buist, the Missionary, Sermon.
The minutes of the meeting at Allen's Chapel in 1884 presents a very attractive appearance; the names of the officers, the members of the Executive Committee and of the Standing Committees as well as time and place of next meeting and the appointees for the Introductory and Missionary Sermons appears on the page at the beginning. This arrangement began in the minutes of 1882.
At this meeting the Introductory Sermon was preached by Rev. G. N. Askew.
The former officers and Executive Committee were continued.
The Greenville and Savannah River Associations, Barnwell Baptist Sunday School Convention, Furman University, State Mission Board and Baptist Courier were represented.
It was determined that hereafter all monies contributed during the year should be placed in the hands of the Finance Committee so that all amounts might appear in one report of the Treasurer.
Ashleigh church was received into the body.
Brethren W. D. McMillan, J. F. Buist, and R. H. Griffith made remarks on Home Mission work. A collection of $18.18 was taken.
The Committee on Home Missions reported that the time had come for the Home Mission Board to penetrate, occupy, and fully sustain our peculiar faith in every city, town and vale. We ought to be ready and willing to do our part in this home evangelization. Bro. J. B. Patrick, of the Greenville Military Institute, and Bro. Charles Manly, of Furman University, spoke on Education. The sum of $8.75 was collected for Furman University current expense fund. Pledges were made to Furman University to the amount of $106.50.
The Committee on Education through Chairman A. Buist said, "The church and the school house are real needs in every neighborhood. An educated pew is as essential as an educated pulpit. The Christian is and should be a benefactor in the community in which he lives. The intellectual and moral development of the human mind and heart is indeed a grand sphere for Christian exertion and Christian liberty. Baptist schools and colleges must be supported by Baptist money or they will languish and finally die.
Chairman W. D. Rice, for the Committee on Foreign Missions, said, "There can be no discussion as to the duty of Christians to preach the Gospel in all the world. The whole spirit of Christianity is the spirit of missions. The spirit of opposition is preferable to a listless spirit that says but does not do. Among the associations we stand sixth in membership; seventh in Foreign Missions; seventh in pastors' salaries; sixth in State Missions; seventh in Home Missions; ninth in general contributions. We contributed last year for all benevolent purposes sixty one cents per member. Never before have we had so great an incentive to labor and pray as now. Our own missionary is on the seas. Mexico, Italy, China, Japan, Africa, South America, the whole world, is open to the Gospel."
The Committee on State Missions through Chairman G. N. Askew asked for continued liberal contributions for State Missions.
Sunday's collection was divided between State and Foreign Missions. Brother Griffith, State Mission Agent, made a stirring speech after which a collection followed amounting to $82.80 in cash and pledges. Each church was requested to take a collection on the third Sunday and forward to Bro. Griffith.
On Saturday morning the order of business was suspended and a special prayer led by Rev. A. Buist was offered for the outpouring of the Holy Spirit upon the churches.
Brother Hoyt called attention to the fact that other associations were collecting the histories of the churches, and Brother Rice moved the appointment of a committee to write the history of Healing Springs, the oldest of the churches.
Resolutions appealing for the endowment of Furman University were passed. The Executive Committee was asked to secure a contribution from each church for this endowment.
Rev. M. R. Suares, of Barnwell, was killed on February 21, 1884, by a railroad train at White Pond. He was walking on the track and, being totally deaf, did not discover the train till caught by the cowcatcher, when his neck was broken. "A great man in Israel has fallen, venerable and beloved." He was seventy two years old.
Rev. G. W. Hicks died in February, 1883, at the age of fifty five. He was born in New York State, and brought from Savannah to Barnwell County by Bro. Joseph A. Lawton. "A purer, sincerer and truer man the writer never knew and he knew him well." .
The Committee on Correspondence recognized with thankful hearts the blessings of God temporally and spiritually and exhorted all Christians to keep themselves unspotted from the world.
Harmony church was given a letter of dismission to unite with the Savannah River Association.
All monies raised during the year and reported through the Treasurer amounted to $925.15.
Harmony had been distinctly characteristic of this meeting.
The next meeting was appointed to meet at Cypress Chapel on Friday before the second Lord's Day in November, 1885, Rev. F. J. Sanders to preach the Introductory, and Rev. W. D. Rice, the Missionary, Sermon.
THE THIRTIETH SESSION-1885.
The meeting of this body in 1885 was held with the Cypress Chapel church on Friday before the second Sunday in November. There was no Monday meeting as in the early days. The Association adjourned after service on Sunday.
The Introductory Sermon was preached by Rev. R. H. Griffith.
The following officers were elected: J. F. Buist, Moderator; W. D. McMillan, Clerk, and I. A. Blanton, Treasurer.
Representatives were present from the Savannah River and Greenville Associations, the Barnwell Baptist Sunday School Convention, Furman University, the State Mission Board and The Baptist Courier.
The Committee on State Missions declared that those who oppose State, do not help Foreign, Missions. The Board, it said, is unifying the Baptists of South Carolina. Any falling off of interest and contributions in State Mission work would seriously cripple the whole work of the denomination in the State.
Brother R. H. Griffith, Corresponding Secretary of the State Mission Board, followed the report with an address of great interest and instruction. A collection in cash and pledges of $57.05 was taken.
The Committee on Home Missions through Chairman A. Buist reported that this work had never received the appreciation it deserves. Its object is to strengthen our denomination in the Southern States. It demands regular, cheerful and large contributions of money and our constant and faithful prayers. It is a Baptist work and must be done with Baptist money.
More laborers are needed, though more than a hundred missionaries are in the employment of the Board.
A collection of $16.20 was given to Home Missions.
The Committee on Foreign Missions through Chairman G. N. Askew said the work of Foreign Missions was the result of the great commission and not to be gain sayed. The two needs to carry it out are men and money. We ought to pray for men and work for money. The triumph of the Gospel in heathen lands has been wonderful.
Sunday's collection was divided between State and Foreign Missions.
A resolution was passed requesting the churches to discourage the unChristian practice of chewing tobacco in the house of God and spitting it over the floor.
A committee appointed to consider adopting Bro. A. R. Calhoun as beneficiary as requested by Mt. Arnon church decided in his favor. The Association raised in money and pledges $250 to aid him at Furman University.
The Committee on Education through Chairman J, C. Davant said that denominational development is the appropriate subject of this report. There should be Sunday School provisions for the grown up people. As Baptists we should fear nothing from free State tuition. We have the right to make our own what we will. We must see to it that our denominational youth shall be equally developed.
Brother Charles Manly made an earnest plea for the endowment of Furman University. The Association requested the Executive Committee to appoint an agent in each church to secure contributions to this endowment and that this Association raise $1,000 for this endowment.
The Executive Committee reported that the pastors of the churches were appointed as agents to work for Furman University and for missions. The Treasurer's report showed that $56.40 was contributed by four churches and by public collection for Furman University.
The Treasurer's report showed collections for all benevolent purposes during the year to have been $872.32.
D. P. Sojourner, B. F. Peeples, and W. R. Boynton with the Clerk and Treasurer were made the Executive Committee for the ensuing year.
Chairman F. J. Sanders for the Committee on Digest of Church Letters reported the churches in good spiritual condition, but finances not equal to the demand.
The Committee on Union Meetings with Rev. D. W. Key as chairman named the moderators of each of the four divisions of the union meetings.
The minutes of this meeting contains a short history of Healing Springs church submitted by Revs. A. Buist and W. D. Rice.
A committee of J. G. Williams, A. Buist, W. D. Rice, and Paul Willis was appointed to write a history of Ashleigh and Bamberg churches.
It was recommended that the Executive Committee call a convention of church clerks and treasurers and instruct them as regards the workings of the Executive Committee and of the Association.
As many as twentyvsix churches made some sort of report in the Financial Table. But some still did not understand how to report.
Brother Williams, as chairman of a committee appointed by the Barnwell Baptist Sunday School Convention, offered resolutions of that body in reference to the prohibition of the sale of intoxicating liquors and asked the action of the Association upon them. A committee of J. C. Davant, D. P. Sojourner, and D. S. Hair reported. We take from that report: "While there was some anticipation of bitter opposition and ingenious evasions of any such law, the realized extent was unforeseen, and disappoints. our estimate of the common law abiding spirit of our people. Be it Resolved, 1st, That the Baptists of this County stand pledged in good faith and unalterable purpose, to the other Christians and all orderly citizens of Barnwell County, to each other, their individual manhood and Christian profession, with unflinching determination to adhere to the law only the more firmly as it shall be the more bitterly assailed. 2nd. That while none of us should seek to be any man's accuser, all connivance at or knowledge of the law's violation would be inconsistent with our duty as Christian citizens, which solemnly requires bold and dignified, information to the proper law officers of the County of every known infraction of the law in order that it shall be respected and maintained, and that society shall have. our protection and proper service. 3rd That we would fervently remind all violators of the inevitable judgment to come, committing our purpose and way to the God of all peace, praying him that we shall be kept steadfast."
On motion by Bro. Williams it was decided to publish the above report in the county papers and The Baptist Courier.
Resolutions were passed endorsing the work of the "Ladies Missionary Societies" and encouraging their organization.
Bro. Hoyt presented the interests of The Baptist Courier.
The Committee on Correspondence reported: We have a common interest in a common cause which insures a common reward. There should be more concert of action in developing denominational enterprises. We should give our united efforts to the development of the Sunday School work, Home Missions, Foreign Missions, State Missions, Furman University, and The Baptist Courier.
The next meeting was appointed to meet on Thursday before the second Sunday in November, 1886, at Hunter's Chapel church, Rev. D. W. Key to preach the Introductory, and Rev. Paul Willis, the Missionary, Sermon.
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