Note by FOC, webmeister: These documents on Tarleton Brown are Copyright ©2000 L. E. Jarrell, used with permission by SCGenWeb, Allendale County web site.  All OCR errors are mine alone, and are not to be attributed to either Tarleton Brown, publishers, or Gene Jarrell.  These documents have been unintentionally modified in several "word processors" and editors.   Please inform me of errors.

Apparently this surname was spelled T-A-R-L-T-O-N, not "Tarleton", as in the name of British Lt. Colonel Banastre "Bloody" Tarleton.  This was documented in 1970,  by Joyce S. O'Bannon, a descendant by Tarlton's second wife, Judith O'Bannon, published in the year of the South Carolina Tricentennial Tarlton's memoirs under the title Barnwell's Tarlton Brown: Patriarch of a Civilization, Documents Related, and Revolutionary Memoirs. Submitted by Professor Emeritus Dr. B. E. Mulligan, University of Georgia.

Memoirs of Tarleton Brown

A Captain in the Revolutionary Army

(Written by Himself)

(First published, New York, 1862)


I (Gene Jarrell) found the Memoirs of Tarleton Brown on a DAR microfilm at the local Family History Center, LDS Church, Greensboro, NC from which I made a photo copy. From this copy Brown’s manuscript was retyped without making any changes to its content. This was done with sincere apologies and affection to Tarleton Brown, my fourth great grand uncle, and sister to my fourth great grandmother, Mary Brown Best.

 Tarleton Brown lived, fought battles, served as a public servant and was a business man in farming and milling, in what is now Allendale and Barnwell Counties, South Carolina. The following is a chronology for him.

Born Albemarle County, VA 1757
Moved to lower South Carolina 1759
Private SC Militia, Revolutionary War 1774
Served: Siege of Savannah, GA 1779
            Battle of Monk’s Corner, SC 1780
Commissioned Lieutenant 1780
Land grants, 1,980 acres in SC 1786-1804
Married Almedia Matthews 1788
Coroner & Sheriff, Winton Co., SC 1788
Gristmill owner 1789
SC State House Representative 1792-97
Lt. Colonel, Twenty-third Regiment 1794-1808
SC State Senator 1798-99
Sheriff Barnwell Co., SC 1799-1804
Second married Judith O’Bannon 1804

Two documents are included in this booklet. One is a biographical sketch of Tarleton Brown from Biographical Directory of the South Carolina Senate 1776-1985, by N. Louise Bailey, et al; and a photo copy of an article by Laura Bellinger Jones who presented another biographical sketch on him.  It is hoped the reader will find the reading rewarding as he listens to someone who lived and experienced this period of our history.

L. E. Jarrell
High Point, NC
February 1999


N. Louise Bailey, Mary L. Morgan, Carolyn R. Taylor 

N. Louise Bailey, Editor

Mary L. Morgan, Assistant Editor

Carolyn R. Taylor, Assistant Editor

Inez Watson, Research Consultant

University of South Carolina PRE

Columbia, South Carolina

(from AHJ Regional Library, PO Box 768, Allendale, SC)


BROWN, TARLTON (sic) (Browne, Tarleton) (1757-1845)

Tarleton Brown, son of William Brown (1730-1780) and Sarah Jennings, was born 5 April 1757 in Albemarle County, Virginia. In 1769, his family moved to South Carolina, settling near Brier Creek in what was then Orangeburg and later Barnwell District. As an adult, he first resided near Sand Hill and Cedar branches of Lower Three Runs. He operated gristmills on his property which he named Fork Mills. Through grants (1786-1804), he obtained 1,980 acres. Brown moved circa 1820 to nearby Boiling Springs, an area in Barnwell District known for its cooling, pure waters. Writing his will 9 June 1842, he mentioned land of undisclosed acreage on the west side of Lower Three Runs, 350 acres on "Wolf-pit" branch in Barnwell District, and a residential tract (1,110 acres) on the east side of Lower Three Runs. An inventory of his estate revealed he owned twenty slaves in Barnwell.

Brown was active during the American Revolution. Early in 1776, he enlisted as a private in the South Carolina militia. Commissioned a lieutenant in 1778 and promoted to captain 1 April 1780, he was present at the siege of Savannah (September-October 1779), Battle of Moncks Corner (April 1780), and siege of Augusta (May-June 1781). His commanders included WILLIAM HARDEN (1743-1785), FRANCIS MARION (1732?-1795), and ANDREW PICKENS (1739-1817). The war also brought personal tragedy to Brown; his father and other family members were killed by Tories, and he himself contracted smallpox. After peace was established, he wrote an account of the Revolution which was later published as Memoirs of Tarleton Brown, a Captain in the Revolutionary Army. Public service for Brown began in earnest after the war. He was appointed coroner (8 May 1788) and sheriff (4 November 1788) for Winton County; he continued in the latter post until 1791. Winton elected him to the House for the Tenth (1792-1794), Eleventh (1794-1795), and Twelfth (1796-1797) General Assemblies; he served on the House committee on privileges and elections (1792-1795). Elected to the state Senate. he represented Winton in the Thirteenth General Assembly (1798-1799) and served on the committees on high roads, bridges, and ferries (1798-1799) and privileges and elections (1798-1799). Upon his election as sheriff for Barnwell on 21 December 1799, he resigned from the Senate; he served as sheriff until 1804. Other offices he held included road commissioner (1786); road overseer (1787); lieutenant colonel of the Twenty-third Regiment, Fifth Brigade, of the state militia (ca. 1794-1808); commissioner, to erect a courthouse and jail in Barnwell District (1798); and trustee, for establishing public schools in Orangeburg (1798).

Sometime in 1788, Brown wed Almedia Matthews (1770-1800). They were the parents of three children-William Duke, Lewis Matthews, and Almedia A. (m. Preston Harley). On 16 May 1804, he married his second wife, Judith O’Bannon, widow of Wilson Cook, Jr. Four children were born to them: Austin Barnett, James Kennedy, Frances Caroline (m. William H. Peyton), and Sarah Wilson (m. Dopson). Judith Brown predeceased her husband in 1837. Tarlton Brown died 4 September 1845 and was buried as he requested in the cemetery of the Baptist church at Boiling Springs, Barnwell District.

Thirteenth General Assembly Winton 1798-1799


Almanacs. 1799, 1800, 1801, 1802. 1803, 1804, 1808.

Amer. Rev. Pension Recs., 378.

Appleton’s Cyclopaedia.

Aud. Accts., 829.

Ayer Papers. 22 April 1797, 23 Sept. 1802, 2 June 1803.

Baruwell Co. Offices, pp. 6, 35, 36. 37.

Barnwell Co. Probate Court Papers, bundle 89, pkg. 12.

Rarnwell Co. (WPA) Wills, 2(1826—1856). Book D, 72-77.

Biographical Directory of the house, 1: 239, 210

BROWN 244, 248; 4: 79-81.

Tarleton Brown, Memoirs of Tarleton Brown,. a Captain in The Revolutionary Army (New York 1862).

Census. 1790. 102. Census. 1800, Barnwell Dist.. 57. Census, 1810, Barnwell Dist. 88. Census, 1820, Barnwell Dist., 3. Census, 1830, Barnwell Dist., 135.

Charleston Yearbooks. 1893, 227.

Elizabeth Willis DeHuff, The Brown Family of Virginia and South, Carolina (n.p., 1964). pp. 11-12.

General Assembly Petitions. 1796, #94. General Assembly Reports. 1797, #55, #70, #110.

Holcomb, Winton Co. Minutes, pp. 4, 12, 32, 42—43, 59, 67.

House Committee Book, 1792, 1794. House Journals. 1796. 59.

Lawton and Wilson. pp. 35—34. Manning, "Barnwell Co. Records," 9: 17-21; 12: 272.

Misc. Recs., 3O: 243.

Neuffer. Names in SC, 7: 2; 15: 13; 16: .1; 18: 41-43.

Joyce S. O’Bannon, Barnwell’s Tarleton Brown (n.p., 1970).

Patterson, p. 64. Reynolds & Faunt.

Salley. Orangeburg County, pp. 90, 219. 503, 504.

SC Statutes, 5: 338; 7: 289.

Senate Committee Book, 1798, 1799.

Senate Journals. 1799. 193.

State Grants, 11: 137; 15: 541; 19. 394. 49:412; 51:213.

Memoirs of Tarleton Brown
Tarleton Brown, Patriarch, by Laura Bellinger Jones
SCGenWeb - Allendale County, South Carolina

Note by FOC,  ye webmeister: These documents on Tarleton Brown are Copyright ©2000 L. E. Jarrell, all rights reserved, used with permission by SCGenWeb, Allendale County.  All OCR errors are mine alone, and are not to be attributed to either Tarleton Brown, or Gene Jarrell.   Please inform me of my errors.