I received a whole bundle of Henry Willis's papers from the Gloucester Records Office earlier this week and have updated my note, new version attached. It seems that Henry, father of the two girls Temperance Jane and Ann Packer, may have had an exciting career - he served on HMS Richmond in 1762, and that vessel was at the siege and capture of Havana in that year. But he would have been 22 or less at the time, so he was probably too junior to be mentioned in the records. At any rate, he isn't in The siege and capture of Havana 1762, David Syrett (ed), Navy Records Society, London 1970. I'm getting a researcher to see if there is anything about him in the Public Records Office.

The point about this research is to see if he had connections with Augusta or Beaufort in his lifetime (he died in 1794), that would have persuaded his daughters to emigrate there after his death. I'm also keen to establish the relationship between Henry's wife Jane Lubbock, and Richard Lubbock who emigrated to Augusta in or around 1790.

 Please contact Eric Avebury with information on these records in North America.

The Rev Henry Willis, b 1738, Rector of Little Sodbury 1788 and Vicar of Wapley, 1792, married Jane Lubbock (b February 17, 1743) September 1, 1765 at Redlingfield, Suffolk

The WILLIS family and Richard LUBBOCK the emigrant  


Henry Willis’s forebears


Henry WILLIS was born in 1739. His father John WILLIS lived at Redlingfield Hall near Eye, Suffolk and married Temperance HANNES, a ward in Chancery after the death of her father Sir Edward HANNES in July 1710.


Sir Edward HANNES married Ann PACKER September 30, 1698, so Temperance was presumably born after June 1699. Her father made a will on May 5, 1708 leaving her the residue of his considerable estate, over £10,000 (a sum equivalent to £1 million in today’s money).


Some months after the making and publishing the said last Will and Testament [Sir Edward] was unfortunately seised with a Lunacy and Insanity of Mind and it being found by vertue of a Commission issued under the Great Seale of Great Brittaine in the Nature of a Writt de Lunatico Inquirendo on the Seventh day of February in the Seventh year of her present Majesty’s Reigne That the said Sir Edward Hannes ….. was then a Lunatic and Non compos Mentis Her Majestie was pleased by her Letters patent under the Great Seale dated the Four and Twentieth day of the same February to grant and remit the custody and Government of the person of the said Sir Edward Hannes to George Smalridge Doctor on Divinity and the said Doctor John Waugh and Joseph Shayle and also To grant and remit the Custody Receipt and Management of all and Every the Mannors Lands amd Hereditaments and reall and personall Estate of the said Sir Edward Hannes to Robert Packer of Shellingford in the County of Berks Esquire Neverthelesse to and for the only use and benefitt of the said Sir Edward Hannes and his Family”.


After Sir Edward died (July 22, 1710 at St Anne’s, Westminster), his wife Anne having predeceased him, the executors of his will, who had been put in charge of him during his illness, and the manager of his property, his brother in law Robert Packer, disputed control of the estate and the 11-year old Temperance took proceedings in the Chancery Court to recover her inheritance. Under the will, she became entitled to possession when she reached the age of 21 or married, so there was some incentive for her to find a husband. How she did so is a mystery, considering that she was living in Westminster and her whirlwind suitor came from Redlingfield in Suffolk. At all events she was ‘inveigled from her guardian Dr [John] WAUGH,’ on May 21, 1713, and married then and there. Her suitor John WILLIS swore a ‘Faculty Office Marriage Licence Allegation’, falsely claiming that Temperance was 15, and producing a man named John Knight of Twickenham who falsely claimed to be Temperance’s guardian. The day after the wedding the bridegroom ‘[John] WILLIS, the parson and the agents were committed by the Master of the Rolls’, an order subsequently confirmed by Lord Harcourt, who was Lord Chancellor 1710-1714.  The elopement was clearly a well-planned operation, with a Mr Knight (presumably the false guardian) giving the 13-year old bride away, a clergyman Bentham performing the marriage service which was also certified by a Minister Stephen Hales and witnessed by three men named Grymes, Fidder and Knight. Presumably Temperance was restored by the court to the care of her guardian for the time being, and there is no record of when she resumed her married life, except that John and the other culprits ‘were long in custody’.


Temperance had four other children besides Henry: Mary, Lucy (b 1726), Elizabeth and John Hannes. The three girls were all spinsters at the time of John’s death in the parish of St Martin in the Fields in 1761, while John Hannes had pre-deceased his father.


Anne PACKER’s parents were John PACKER of Shelingford Manor and Anne STEPHENS his cousin, and Anne’s parents were Sir Edward STEPHENS Kt, born c 1583, of Lypiatt Park and Little Sodbury, died 1670, and Anne CREWE. He was knighted by Charles II July 11, 1660. It was through this connection that the patronage of the living of Little Sodbury no doubt came into the family


Henry and the Royal Navy


Henry was born in 1739, the youngest child of John WILLIS and his wife Temperance HANNES.


The couple lived at Windsor Castle between 1753 and 1760, for reasons which have not been established, and during these years Henry’s elder sister Mary kept a diary, from which many of the details of his early career are drawn. She must have been very fond of Henry, since her other siblings are hardly mentioned. 


Henry went to school at Mr Grimwood’s at Ordham in the summer of 1753, but in August 1756 he had joined the Royal Navy and was on the Swallow sloop in Yarmouth Roads under Captain Angel.  That officer then got command of a 20-gun ship, the Deal Castle, but there was no vacancy for Henry and he remained on the Swallow under Captain Lendricke.


A year later he was still on the same ship in the same place. The family had heard nothing from him for four months because he was very ill, but in early September 1757 he ‘was got well again’. In December he ‘had the Promise to be removed as Midshipman from on Board the Swallow Sloop of 16 guns Captain Lendrick to the Saphita Man of War of 40 Guns, Capt James Gambier, Commander’.


On March 14, 1757/58, Henry came home unexpectedly on leave, ‘for the first Time since his being in the Navy’. He stayed with the family at Windsor Castle only three days, leaving on March 17. (The reason why John WILLIS and his family lived at Windsor Castle for several years, at least from March 1757/58 to 1762, has not been established). On May 11 Henry was at home again for dinner, having been discharged from the Swallow at the end of April and removed to the Emerald Man of War, 26 guns, Captain Cornwall, as Midshipman.


In July 1758, Henry wrote to his father saying that he was going from Portsmouth to Plymouth, and would be setting out from there on a four month cruise, and the family heard at the beginning of November that the Emerald had sailed. On November 16 Henry’s father heard from him again, that the Emerald had been obliged to return to Plymouth on account of damage caused by bad weather. Henry was home on leave from December 13 to 17, before the Emerald finally sailed – from Portsmouth – as convoy for the West India fleet, to be stationed in Jamaica.


On December 30, however, Henry’s father had a letter from him saying that he had not reached Portsmouth until after the fleet had sailed, to the surprise and consternation of the family. There were apparently no serious disciplinary consequences of this episode, since at the end of February 1759, Henry was at home again, bringing with him a certificate of his being entered, on February 25, as Midshipman on the Bienfaisant, 74 guns, Captain Balfour, (captured from the French at the battle of Louisbourg, the largest amphibious operation of the 18th century). The certificate was ‘Wrote and Signed by the Captain Himself’.


Between July 1759 and March 1760, references to the Bienfaisant’s location in the Lieutenant’s Log show it as based at Plymouth. Henry was noted as sick from October 26 to November 30, 1759, when he was discharged, and at the beginning of January 1760, Henry wrote from on board ship to say that he had been ill ashore for several weeks. He  rejoined the ship at the end of December.   On March 8, 1760 his father had a letter from Henry at Plymouth to say that the Bienfaisant and the Belliqueux had orders to sail for the West Indies, and the papers reported that they had sailed. They arrived in Barbados on May, and were at Dominica in June. Over the summer months the Bienfaisant was mainly ‘at sea’, but called in at Tobago (July), Barbados (September) and Barbados again (October). In early November 1760 she arrived again at Barbados and remained there until late December. In January 1761 she is listed at Marigalante, and back to Barbados at the end of the month, remaining there until the end of February.  The ship then sailed to Antigua, staying there most of March. The pages of the Lieutenant’s Log for April and May are missing, but the vessel was confirmed at Barbados in early July. Henry was promoted to Master’s Mate on July 26, but there is no further news of him until the ship returned to Portsmouth, where he was discharged on November 9, 1761.


Henry is entered (from ‘Sup list’), on the Royal Sovereign as Midshipman from November 10, 1761, probably while it was in Portsmouth harbour as a depot ship. He was discharged April 4, 1762 to Danae, which was based in the West Indies.  There it was engaged in convoy duty from Jamaica, and on May 6, 1762, Henry was made Master Mariner, a grand title for the navigational assistant, responsible for calculating the ship’s position. In June, together with Superb (Captain Joshua Rowley) and Gosport (Captain John Jervis), the Danae had a narrow escape from a squadron of French warships on their way to attack St John’s, Newfoundland. Danae put up such a determined show of defiance that the French commander, de Ternay, decided to stick to his original objective, and the French did briefly occupy St John’s, where they arrived on June 24.


On September 18, 1762, Captain Martin of the Danae saw a large French convoy off Cape Tiburon, standing into the Bite of Léogane. He fell in with the Fowey at that time and despatched her to Lord Albemarle, commander of the land forces at the siege and capture of Havana, with the account. Two of the French ships chased the Danae and Fowey, but were soon called off.


In a note from Port Royal of January 8, 1763, John Smith writes to Messrs Papley & Rogers, Joint Agents for the Richmond:




Please pay to Mr Henry Willis Masters Mate of His Majesty’s Ship Danae on his order one half of the Prize Money due to me for the Bon Intention a Dutch sloop with Negroes &c and also the same part that will arrive from the Sally Schooner both taken by His Majesty’s Ship Richmond


& you will oblige


Your humble servant


It is not clear why Smith should have given Henry half the prize money for an operation in which, so far as can be seen, the Danae was not involved. Henry was discharged from Danae March 14, 1763 on the order of Rear Admiral Kepple, and this may have been the end of his brief naval career.


Henry’s marriage


Richard LUBBOCK a wine merchant of Bishopsgate Street, Norwich, was born 1706 and baptised December 11, 1706 at St George’s, Colegate, Norwich. His grandfather Nicholas LUBBOCK and grandmother Hannah nee Browne had property in North Walsham, and his brother Thomas’s grant of arms in1730 were later adopted by his remote cousin John, a member of the senior branch of the family, whose connection with North Walsham continued until the beginning of the 20th century.   Richard the wine merchant married Jane ATTLESEY (baptised  April 12, 1720  Saint Helen, Norwich), in 1743. She was the daughter of Peter ATTLESEY and Jane VERTUE, who were married on July 28, 1715 at St Mary in the Marsh, Norwich,). The only known child of Richard and Jane was another Jane, described as ‘daughter of Richard and Jane LUBBOCK’ at her baptism in North Walsham on February 17, 1743/44.   This Jane married Henry WILLIS on September 1, 1765, at Redlingfield, Suffolk,, and six of their children are recorded in the North Walsham parish register:


Temperance Jane WILLIS baptised August 28, 1767

Amelia WILLIS baptised December 12, 1768

Richard Lubbock WILLIS baptised March 5, 1770

Harriet WILLIS baptised August 1, 1771

Sophia WILLIS born September 29, 1772, died February 22, 1775

Henry Hannes WILLIS baptised January 4, 1775


Four more children existed, Ann Packer WILLIS; Winchcombe Hartley WILLIS (1778-1803), Louisa, who married Joseph Laver and died in 1855 at the age of 77, and Charlotte, said to have died in 1801 aged 14. Ann Packer could just have been fitted in between Sophia and Henry Hannes, though more probably she was born after the spring of 1776, perhaps when her parents were in Lincolnshire.


Henry in the church


Henry was destined to a life in the church, his second cousin Dr Hartley having promised his father that he would give him the living of Bucklebury. He matriculated at Merton College December 12, 1778, aged 39; BA 1787, MA 1788. The archivist at Merton College, Julian Read (01865 276310), writes:


it is clear that in the eighteenth century undergraduates were not officially permitted to be married, following the example of senior members of the university. Upon marriage, Fellows were supposed to resign their fellowships. However, there are documented cases in the eighteenth century of Fellows, and in at least one case a head of a college, marrying and not resigning their fellowships; their wives and any resulting children being kept a respectable distance from Oxford. I suppose it is possible that there were cases of undergraduates acting in a similar fashion but I have no evidence of it”.


Henry’s elder sister Mary was living at Sodbury by 1782, because there is an annotation by ‘Mary WILLIS’ of an extract from the will of Henry Packer (in whose estate John WILLIS, Henry’s father, was the residuary legatee), dating her note ‘Jany 1782’.   Mary made a will leaving some of her property to her cousin Mary HARTLEY, and she died in 1792 after a short illness which was treated with ‘Liniment’, ‘Draught’, ‘Tulip’ and ‘Camphor’.  She was buried at Sodbury July 16, 1792. The undertaker was Joseph WALLIS and the Rev NICHOLS officiated. WALLIS’s bill dated August 18, 1792 came to £19-18-6.


Henry was ordained Deacon by the Bishop of Lincoln on February 24, 1777, and on the same day was appointed curate in the Parish of Springthorpe, Lincs. He was ordained priest by the Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry on December 21, 1777. He was appointed Rector of Newton in the Archdeaconry of Lincoln January 13, 1778. He was appointed Curate in the Parish of Rangeworthy on May 31, 1781, and vicar of Wapley on the same date, by the patron of the living, Henry STEPHENS, a relation through Henry’s great-grandmother Elizabeth STEPHENS. There is also a nomination by Jane, Dowager Lady BAMPFYLDE of Bruton Street, Berkeley Square, who claims to be the ‘true and undoubted Patron of the Vicarage of Wapley’, dated March 11, 1788, and it seems that there was a change of Patron at the time of that appointment.  The Bishop had agreed to Henry’s request that he be allowed to resign the Wapley living and be reappointed to it after Little Sodbury. The undated letter making this request was written at Oxford, where Henry was keeping his last term before his MA degree, and he expects to finish by March 10 (1788).


On February 23, 1788, Henry also wrote to Lady BAMPFYLDE repeating his request to be allowed to resign Wapley and take it up again after Little Sodbury, ‘my Motive that Sodbury may stand me first & Wapley my last Living, which will be of service to Me hereafter if by getting another Living I am obliged to take a Dispensation’.  At present, he says, he is ‘Chaplain to my Friend Ld SUFFIELD’’ and is ready to ‘take a Dispensation whenever wanted, but at present I mean to avoid the Expence..’. It seems curious that his ordination preceded his university career. On March 28, 1788 he was appointed Rector of Little Sodbury on the presentation of another relative, Winchcomb Henry HARTLEY, and he continued to hold the living of Wapley at the same time, after the Bishop wrote to him on March 5, giving permission for these arrangements without a Dispensation. A curate was appointed for Little Sodbury on November 30, 1788, at a salary of £25 a year.


On November 8, 1792, on the presentation of his cousin Winchcombe Henry HARTLEY, Henry was appointed Rector of East Shefford, Berks. Winchcombe was the brother of the radical and friend of the American Revolution David HARTLEY MP, through whom he met John Adams when he was US Ambassador in London in 1785.  Could the influence of the HARTLEYs have a bearing on the emigration of Henry’s daughters after his death?


A letter from W H HARTLEY from Chesterfield Street dated August 4, 1792  throws light on Henry’s acquisition of the living at Shefford:


Dear Sir,


I have just received yours of yesterday from Chavenage. A letter I have written to Mr Stephens, if it arrived before you left Chavenage, will prevent your having the trouble of coming again and you will find by that, it would be to no purpose. I write however now in answer to yours by today’s post, that it may find you at Acton. You have I am certain every reason to be satisfied with what I have expressed upon the subject of the Shefford living, and I shall sign the presentation, when I am satisfied, and think proper.

A letter from Mr Ludlow tells me I have sufficiently empowered yourself and Mrs Basset to conduct the late Mrs Mary Willis’s affairs, which will I am sure be settled by you both perfectly according to her desire, and I am exceedingly happy that you are both together to put her will into execution.

Mrs Hartley and myself rejoice exceedingly at the good account of Mr and Mrs Stephens (.) Present ourselves to them when you write to or see them. Accept also the same for yourself and family and present them to Mrs Basset. We hope she was not fatigued with her long journey.


I am Dear Sir,

Yours Affectionately,

W H Hartley.


Henry’s wealth and the Black Sheep


Henry was married from Redlingfield Hall in 1765, but the property does not seem to have remained in the family after his mother’s death, also in 1765.  Henry himself owned property in Norfolk as has been noted. He also had expectations of wealth if he had lived a few months longer from his cousin Henry STEPHENS, from whom he would have inherited the Chavenage estate, and from his grandfather Henry PACKER – see extracts from the latter’s will at Appendix III. That Henry STEPHENS, who died childless in 1795, was the last of the male line, and Chavenage went to Henry WILLIS’s younger son Henry Hannes WILLIS, rather than to his eldest son, Richard Lubbock WILLIS. 



In a codicil dated August 30, 1791 Henry writes:


My eldest Son Richard Lubbock Willis having by his infamous Conduct forfeited my favour & affection I here cut him of [sic] from any Share of my Effects except one shilling to be paid Him a month after my decease by my Executors.


Presumably Henry must have also made arrangements with his cousin, Henry STEPHENS, to leave the Chavenage estate, which would otherwise have passed to Richard, to his younger brother Henry Hannes WILLIS, though no trace has been found of correspondence in the subject.


Richard’s younger brother Winchcombe Hartley WILLIS must also have caused his father great anxiety. He was supposed to take ship as mate in May 1794 but missed the boat, running up bills for coffee houses, a hairdresser, breeches maker and hire of coach in the process. Mr S HOWARD, of Southampton Street, London, in whose care the wayward youth had evidently been placed, excused himself to Henry, saying that he had


discourag’d all extravagance and had him with me as much as my engagements would admit of. 


Mr Howard writes plaintively:


how the mistake of letting the ship go without him happen’d I can’t imagine.


Winchcombe Hartley had been expensively kitted out for his career at sea. A letter from John BULMAN of Brunswick Street, Blackfriars Bridge, of June 16, 1794, addressed to the Rev and Mrs WILLIS at Iron Acton says:


I am informed by Mr Howard of Southampton Street to whom I have made application that you have given him Orders not to discharge at present my small Bill delivered some time ago amounting to £(illegible) for Cloths made up for your Son before his departure from England – and the reason he assigns for this unexpected delay of Payment is you think too high a Charge has been made – in this particular I am confident no Man in London would have been more reasonable considering the very expensive manner and the number of Buttons &c – they were made up with and at the request of your Son every thing is stated at the very lowest price for present money, which he informed me would be the Case, and that Mr Howard had full directions to discharge those small matters.


I should esteem it a particular favour if you would now give that Gentleman leave to settle –with me as I have several very pressing decisions which require all the money I can possibly raise and a Line for that purpose will much oblige.


The ‘small Bill’, for uniforms, came to £11-8-6. Mr BULMAN would have been lucky to get paid, for less than three weeks after the date of this appeal, estranged from two of his sons, and perhaps from two daughters as well, Henry died on July 4, 1794, and was buried at Eastington, Gloucestershire, where his tombstone can still be seen in the parish church,.


Evidently Winchcombe did finally put to sea and as an Ensign he captured a French privateer Le Diable in the West Indies before dying there of a fever in 1803.


There are indications that Henry was not well off in his original will, dated Mayshill October 3, 1783:


Having by some Indiscretions (but much more by disappointments) only a small matter to leave behind me My Will is that all my property whether real or personal be as soon as well can be converted into money by public sale or auction – out of which my Will is that all my Lawful Debts & funeral expences be first discharged and least from what may be thought affectionate Regard to my memory too much may be expended where I think too little within the bounds of decency cannot - I order my remains to be interred wherever it please God I die in the Parish Churchyard…. Six poor Industrious Men carrying me to my grave for which I wish them to have five shillings each The Balance of my…. I give unto my Wife for her natural life… to maintain & educate all the children I may leave by her to the best of her power untill they are married or engaged….


His father John WILLIS died September 23, 1764 and his mother died the following year.  Henry and his siblings were the heirs and would have inherited the Redlingfield estate in Suffolk, but it was heavily encumbered and was administered by the executors of John’s creditor   Sir Henry Bosworth. 


Henry continued to have property interests in Norwich until the end of his life, and was represented in his dealings with the Dean and Chapter Charles MURRAY, who was writing to him on December 4, 1792 about a lease of ‘The Cranes Estate’ which had to be renewed.




Richard Lubbock the emigrant


Richard LUBBOCK emigrated to Augusta Georgia in or about 1791, when the city was little more than a village, with 250 houses and a population of ‘over 1,000’.  It has been assumed that he was born in1766, because when he died in Hamburg SC in1826 he was said to be aged 60, but no record of his birth in that year has been found in any of the Norfolk parish records.


He took the oath of citizenship May 29, 1798 in Augusta, recommended by James Pearre and George Walker.


He was a ‘Stewart’ of ‘Forsyth’s Lodge’, which had a Lodge room in Augusta. The Lodge celebrated the festival of St John the Evangelist on December 27, 1796, with a service at St Paul’s Church, ‘a sermon suitable to the occasion… preached by the Rev Brother Adam Boyd’, and a dinner at the Lodge Room, for which tickets were sold at $2 a head. The Forsyth Lodge #14 was chartered from 1794, and Brother Lubbock served as Treasurer in 1797 and as Junior Warden in 1799 . He was one of 18 founding members of the Masonic Social Lodge No 18, chartered in Augusta, Richmond County December 7, 1799 by the Grand Lodge of Georgia.  He was still shown on the rolls of that Lodge in 1801, but some time between June 5 and December 4, 1801 he withdrew his membership.


Richard and his family moved to South Carolina some time after 1800, and this was perhaps the reason why he withdrew from the Augusta Lodge. The records of Lodges in South Carolina have not been searched, but the office of the Grand Lodge of South Carolina say that all their records were destroyed in the Civil War.


On August 29, 1801, ‘an improved lot of land in the city of Augusta’ and two billiard tables, belonging to Richard, were put up for sale by the Collector of Taxes, C Mead, to pay taxes amounting to $142.31. In June, 1802, a Mrs M Jones had taken over the ‘large and elegant situation, opposite the Academy, formerly occupied by Mrs Lubbock’.


He died in Hamburg, South Carolina February 9, 1826 and the masons erected a monument to his memory on Schultz’s Hill there. His funeral was reported in the Augusta Chronicle as being held at St Paul’s Parish Church, Augusta.


(Richard was not the first LUBBOCK in the New World. Mariam LUBBOCK is said to have been born in Charleston, South Carolina, in 1727, and to have married Thomas KIRK at St Phillip’s Episcopalian Church there on February 6, 1748, and perhaps word had filtered back to Norfolk of the good life there).


Richard married 14-year old Diana Sophia SANDWICH (baptised April 11, 1777), soon after his arrival, probably in Augusta in 1791 though no record has been found. Their first child Henry Thomas WILLIS LUBBOCK was born July 24, 1792.


Diana Sophia was appointed executor of the will of Ann Packer WILLIS, “formerly of Grovesend, Alveston, Gloucestershire, sister of Temperance Jane WILLIS”.  The two WILLIS sisters arrived in Augusta during the nineties, possibly travelling with Richard LUBBOCK. They may also have been influenced by the radical MP David Hartley, who represented Hull 1774-80, June 6 1782-1784, friend of American independence and brother of Winchcombe Henry Hartley, who appointed their father to the Living of Little Sodbury.


Ann Packer WILLIS died on October 28, 1806, between 7 and 8 am, at the house of Richard Lubbock in Beaufort, South Carolina. She describes Diana as her ‘Sister’ and ‘wife of my brother Richard’ in her will, and it is on the basis of this evidence presumably that the Gloucester Record Office say this is the black sheep Richard Lubbock WILLIS, who ‘had evidently dropped the name of Willis after being disinherited’.   


It is possible that the ‘infamous conduct’ of which the Rev Henry complained was also the trigger for Richard’s emigration. On this assumption, the event itself and Richard’s emigration may both have occurred in the summer of 1791, shortly before Henry added the codicil to his will on August 30. This would not leave very much time for Richard’s courtship of the 14-year old Diana Sophia, their marriage, and the birth of their first child Henry Willis Lubbock on July 24, 1792, but if the marriage took place before April 1791, Diana would have been only 13 at the time. There is no clue as to the event that precipitated the emigration and the disinheritance; all trace of Richard vanishes from the extant records from this moment onwards.  Whatever the explanation may be, in the US Richard turned out to be a pillar of the community (apart from the little matter of unpaid taxes), member of two masonic lodges, and friend of Schulz the founder of Hamburg, South Carolina. Richard LUBBOCK was said to be 60 at the time of his death, so if that was correct he was born in 1766, while Richard Lubbock WILLIS would have been 56.


The WILLIS sisters in Augusta are undoubtedly the daughters of the Rev Henry WILLIS and his wife Jane Lubbock. If Richard was in fact their brother, it seems likely that the three siblings all went together to Georgia in 1791, the sisters taking Richard’s side in the family row. Temperance Jane would have been 24 and Ann Packer about 15 at the time. It may also be that, after the children left, Henry no longer needed a house as large as Grovesend because he died and was buried at Iron Acton. 


Jim Lubbock, a direct descendant of Richard LUBBOCK the emigrant, suggested that Richard’s identity could be tested by comparing his own DNA with that of Eric LUBBOCK (Lord Avebury), whose 11G grandfather Nicholas LUBBOCK (b 1593), was 3G grandfather of Jane LUBBOCK. If Richard the emigrant was a Lubbock, and a near relation of Jane’s, say a nephew, Nicholas would be Jim’s and Eric’s common paternal ancestor (CPA).  Samples of Jim’s and Eric’s DNA were submitted to Oxford Ancestors, and the differences between their ‘Y-Clan Signatures’, equivalent to the number of mutations between the two samples, calculated in accordance with the rules set out in the booklet ‘Using your Y-Clan signature for Genealogical Research’, is 5, as follows:




































J v E












Oxford Ancestors indicate that beyond three mutations, the chance of having a common paternal ancestor in the last thousand years becomes vanishingly small. In other words, it is almost certain that Richard LUBBOCK the emigrant was in fact Richard Lubbock WILLIS.



The Sandwich family


Diana Sophia’s parents, Thomas S. SANDWICH and Leah Langton BARRETT, who were married at St Giles’ Cripplegate on April 22, 1776, had emigrated to Augusta, some time before the birth of their third child Thomas Kirby, born January 15, 1785 in Augusta but after January 19, 1783 when their second child Leah Ann SANDWICH was baptised at St Giles Cripplegate. Leah Ann was taken to Augusta with her parents and married John E HARTRIDGE at the First Presbyterian Church, Augusta, December 27, 1807. He died November 4, 1817 and was buried in Willesden.  (It is curious that he returned to England less than ten years after the marriage). She died in Jacksonville, Florida, on December 13, 1860.


Cornwallis had surrendered at Yorktown in October 1781, two years before the emigration of the SANDWICH family. The war of independence was effectively over, but the Treaty of Paris was not signed until September 3, 1783, by which time the SANDWICH family was perhaps already in Augusta. During and immediately after the revolutionary war, there was no slackening on the rate of immigration into the state: in 1776, Georgia had 40,000 people, with a few more whites than blacks, and in 1790, the population was 82,000, 37% black. So about 30,000 whites arrived in those 14 years. It would be fascinating to know what the English arrivals felt about the politics of their migration.


Betty Jaekle was told both that Thomas Kirby SANDWICH was born in Augusta and that he was born at Harrow-on-the-Hill. The parish registers in Harrow and its neighbourhood have been checked, and no record found of the baptism. It seems more likely, therefore, that he was indeed born in Augusta, and that the family emigrated some time after the baptism of Leah Ann at St Giles Cripplegate on January 19, 1783, and Thomas Kirby’s birth on January 15, 1785. He is said to have married in Augusta in 1810, but there are no further details of his life. He died July 8, 1831.


At the beginning of 1795, the Post Office in Augusta gave notice that a letter addressed to Mrs Sandwich would be returned to the General Post Office if not collected. This is the earliest mention of the Sandwich family in the Augusta Chronicle, the records of which are now searchable online back to May 1792.


In early 1795, Mrs Sandwich opened a school for young ladies at the late residence of Dr Montgomery, where she proposed to give six boarders and an unspecified number of ‘day scholars’ lessons in reading, writing and needlework. The boarders were to be charged 25 guineas a term plus 5 guineas entrance, the day girls four dollars per quarter and one dollar entrance. The day scholars were to be charged $2 extra for writing and arithmetic, and $2 for geography and astronomy.


Private schools in Richmond were in competition with the Richmond Academy, the oldest public school in the state, founded in 1785 and offering a range of courses at fees varying from $2 to $5 per quarter.


Mrs Sandwich’s daughter was named as the other teacher at her school. This prompts the question of how the Sandwich family maintained themselves between their arrival in August c.1784, and the opening of the school eleven years later. It is also interesting that she was going to employ the 18 year old Diana Sophia as a teacher although Diana was looking after two infants Henry Thomas Willis Lubbock, born July 24, 1792, and Richard Lubbock, born 1794.


In February 1795, and again in March, Diana Sophia was offering her own teaching in a separate school at the Hermitage, near Brownsborough, the late residence of Captain Ignatius Few.  Mrs Lubbock was undercutting her mother, charging boarders 15 guineas a term plus 5 guineas for French and music. This venture had been launched at the beginning of 1795, though it is hard to imagine how mother and daughter could actually have run two separate schools, while the daughter was supposed to be teaching at the mother’s school.


Competition between the SANDWICHes and the LUBBOCKs on the pages of the Chronicle continues in the spring of 1795, with both advertising in the Chronicle of March 14, March 21, March 28 and April 4. On April 11 a competitor Edmond WALSH appears, who claims to have already met with encouragement as a teacher of children, and announces on April 11, 1795, that he is setting up a new school in the back part of Mr Edwards’ lot, opposite the house occupied by the reverend parson Boyd – presumably the Minister who was to preach to the Forsyth Lodge at the end of the following year..


On May 16 and again on May 16 and May 30, Mr Sandwich appears as an active participant. He is presumably going to teach science, and the school will admit younger boys with their sisters. The school is to be run according to the plan of Dr Rush of Philadelphia. Then on June 13 Mrs Sandwich is able to announce already that ‘THE Public have further evinced their approbation of Mr. And Mrs. SANDWICH’s undertaking by fubfcribing for fix boarders, on the enlarged Plans’. [ie with the ‘SCIENTIFIC BRANCHES’] Parents and guardians are exhorted to apply immediately before the subscription is finally closed. As recently as April 18 there had been vacancies for three boarders and four day-scholars, and in May there were still places for two of each, and apparently there was no rush, because at the end of October the Sandwiches and their daughter-in-law joined forces. The ‘enlarged plan’ of education offered by the combined team of SANDWICHes and LUBBOCKs includes the sciences, and young gentlemen, though not young ladies, are ro be prepared for Latin classes at the Academy. Mr Sandwich does not teach Latin, because the ‘public academy’ has a ‘respectable Rector’.


From this point onwards, there is no news of the educational venture. Either it had become so well known as to need no advertising, as the proprietors claimed, or it folded. Certainly in July, 1796, Mr Sandwich still had the time and energy to advertise for an apprentice in ‘Mufical Inftrument making, Tuning, and Cabinet making’.   But in 1800, Mr and Mrs Sandwich had ‘erected a suitable building fir a LADIES ACADEMY’ at Mount Salubrity, within three miles of the City of Augusta, where they were hoping to admit 12 boarders at $200 per annum. By 1807, Mr Sandwich claimed that his Academy had been going for 11 years, but the charge for board and tuition had come down to $120 per annum. This time Mrs Sandwich is not mentioned, and she is thought to have died in 1801.


Thomas Sandwich had other properties besides the school. On March 5 and 12, 1796, he was offering to let stabling for 39 horses, together with a separate lodging room if required, and a large corn loft and fodder house. On February 9, 1799, he advertised under the heading ‘To NEW SETTLERS’ an ‘excellent house, well furnished, and a good garden with or without 150 acres of land well fenced, and ten working negroes, with the use of horses, cattle and a cotton gin’. The property is described as being ‘about 290 miles from Augusta’.


Richard Lubbock’s eldest son


Henry Thomas Willis LUBBOCK, the eldest son of Richard LUBBOCK the emigré, was born July 24, 1792 in Augusta. He studied literature at a school in Oxford, England in 1806 and graduated from the Medical College of Pennsylvania in 1810. He practised as a doctor in Beaufort, South Carolina until 1819, then took a sea-captain’s licence and in 1822 became the captain and part owner with Henry SCHULTZ, a German immigrant who founded Hamburg on July 2, 1821, of the Commerce, plying between Charleston, Savannah and Augusta. In 1824 he was captain and part owner of the Henry Schultz, also part owner of the Macon. In 1825 the Henry Schultz caught fire and exploded in Augusta dock, and three years later the Commerce was holed and had to be sold as scrap on December 11, 1828. LUBBOCK took a lease of the City Hotel in Savannah in an attempt to rebuild his assets, but died there on February 15, 1830.


Henry married Susan Ann SALTUS, born May 16, 1793 in Beaufort, South Carolina, to Captain Francis SALTUS, who was also said to have emigrated in the early 1790s, and Sarah GRAYSON. They had seven children, all of whom survived to adulthood and married.


Francis Richard Lubbock, their son, wrote:


“My father died of country fever while he was preparing for a trip to England to look after an estate to which he was entitled. He was just 37 years old”.


If he had been successful, the American Lubbocks would have come into the estates of the Stephens and Packer families, to all of which the heir was Richard the emigrant. Whether the Rev Henry had the right to disinherit Richard, notwithstanding the will of Henry Packer (see Appendix III) and the entail of the Chavenage estate, would have made an interesting court case.

Chronology of the life of Henry Willis


Born 1738


August 1756 he had joined the Royal Navy and was on the Swallow sloop in Yarmouth Roads under Captain Angel.

May 11, 1758 he was on the Emerald

February 25, 1759, Henry was entered as Midshipman on the Bienfaisant, 74 guns, Captain Balfour.

Entered Royal Sovereign November 10, 1761 from ‘Sup list’

Discharged from Royal Sovereign, entered Danae April 5, 1762

Appointed Master Mariner Danae May 7, 1762

Discharged from Danae on orders of Rear Admiral Keppel March 14, 1763


Married Jane Lubbock September 1, 1765 at Redlingfield, Suffolk

Temperance Jane born  August 28, 1767

Amelia Baptised December 21, 1768

Richard Lubbock born March 5, 1770

Harriet baptised August 1, 1771

Sophia born September 29, 1772

Henry Hannes baptised January 4, 1775

Ann Packer born May 1776?

Winchcombe Hartley Willis 1778-1803 (D1023/F10)

Louisa b 1778, d 1855


Ordained Deacon February 24, 1777

Rector of Newton, Lincs January 13, 1778 until March 6, 1778

Matriculated at Merton College Oxford December 12, 1778


Vicar of Wapley May 31, 1781

Finishes his term at Oxford for MA March 1788

Reappointed vicar of Wapley by new patron of the living March 1788

Appointed Rector of Little Sodbury March 31, 1788


Henry disinherits Richard Lubbock Willis August 30, 1791

Funeral of Henry’s sister Mary July 16, 1792

Henry settled Mary’s estate with ‘Mrs Bassett’ August 4, 1792

Rector of East Shefford, Berks November 8, 1792

Henry dies July 4, 1794

Appendix I

Relationship between Rev Henry Willis and Winchcomb Henry Hartley, who presented him to the Living of Little Sodbury    




                                                                    Edward Stephens of Eastington d 1587 = Joan Fowler


                                    |                                                                                                       | 

                            Thomas Stephens of Lypiatt Park d 1613 = Elizabeth Stone                      Richard d 1599 = Margaret d 1591 dau of Edward St Loe of Knighton

                                            |                                                                                                                            |

                                            |                                                                                                                            |

 Sir Edward Stephens = (1609) Anne Crewe dau of Sir Thomas Crewe                                 Nathaniel d 1660= (1633) Catherine Beale

                                           |                             of Steine, Northumberland                                                     |


      Temperance Stephens = (1635) John Packer                                              Richard d 1678 = Anne Cholmley d 1712 dau of Sir Hugh Cholmley

                                           |                                    _______________________ |__________

                                           |                                    |                                                    |              

      John Packer 1658-1682 = (1675) Elizabeth Stephens d               Nathaniel 1656-1732 = (1696) Elizabeth Pemberton dau of Sir Francis Pemberton                

                                           |                                                                                   |

                                           |                                                                        Henry d 1795=Ann Huntley  

                 ____________ |___________________________________________________                                         

   |                                                 |                                                                              |                                   Sir Henry Winchcombe d 1703

   |                                                 |                                                                              |                                                     |

Anne Packer = Sir Edward Hannes   Temperance = Thomas Gisborne                        Robert d April 1731 = Mary Winchcombe d Feb 1719/20

b 1680                    |                                                                                               _______________________|________________                                                   

                             |                                                                                  |                                                |                                 |

                    Temperance = John Willis              Dr David Hartley FRS= (1735) Elizabeth    Henry Packer d Oct 1746        Winchcombe Howard Packer MP d Aug 21 1746

                           |                                    1704-1757            _________|_________________________________                   

                                           |                                                                    |                                                       |                                       |

                      Henry d 1794 = Jane Lubbock                      Winchcomb Henry MP d 1794                 Mary             David Hartley MP



Sources: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints AFN 109Q-ZB2

               June Badeni Past People in Wiltshire and Gloucestershire, Norton Manor, 1992, 130 et seq

                Arthur Humphreys, Bucklebury, a Berkshire Parish, York Lodge, 1932

Appendix II Abstracts from Dr Hartley’s  Letters concerning Bucklebury Living &c GRO 547a/F23


Decr 17 1748 In answer to mine says we shall with pleasure come into yr design of giving Bucklebury to my 20 Son & will talk to Mr le Marchant about it but their present design if Mr Le Marchant & Mr Powney will give their leave is to get it for his old Tutor who is old & infirm about 55 thinks cannot stand  in my way & he will not fail to prepare his son to lay it upon him as an obligation & desires to hear from me again upon ye subject

June 6 1749 In answer to mine says Dr Annesley died last Sunday & Mr Le Marchant gives them intire disposal of ye Living only says .. their intention for Master Harry be taken care of & doubts by a letter he recd about a fortnight ago whether his Tutor will take it & if so further says my Cousin desires .. Dr Barker (who was then very infirm) might have it however I this Case we shall not at all interpose but leave it to you to make ye Living secure to Master Harry at 24

June 20 49 Says He presumes Mrs Willis had recd my Cousins letter before that & that his Tutors Wife had been there & made proposals to have ye Living held that they might have some benefit after his Tutors death but that was absolutely refusd & then very kindly advises me not to think of doing so myself both for my own & children’s sake &c

Abstract from Mr Le Marchant 8 June 49 says He supposes that I have heard from Dr Hartley who calld upon him on Thursday last & proposd as my son was very young a Friend of his might be Presented in ye mean time upon which he desird him to write to me & make it agreeable to me & He shoud (?) with ye concurrence of Mr Powney join in appointing anyone whom we two should approve.

Abstract of My Cousins Letter to Mrs Willis who wrote to her upon ye Death of Dr Annesley 15 June 1749 They had not heard from Mr Warham who she supposes will take some time to consider of it his health being very indifferent but thinks he will take it if otherwise kindly refuses Mr Bosworths holding the Living & proposes Dr Baker (if Mr Warham shoud refuse it) as a fit person but cannot think of Bonds od Resignation and therefore leaves it to me & Mrs Willis to judge whether it be agreeable to our securing it for Harry at 24 years old & has not wrote to him about it nor has any intention of pursuing that thought then adds that Mr Le Marchant had been with them yesterday wth a Letter from Mr Powney concerning a Mr Dodwell who had offerd a better Living in Leicestershire in exchange & supposes that woud do as well for my Son which they believd woud & said so to them & woud write to me about it & then says if this takes place ye Leicestershire Living will be held by Mr Warham or whoever succeeds for my Son or if Mr Dodwell drops tho he is young Buckelebury then falls again to be presented to my Cousin or for him.

July 13 1749 Mr Dodwell has recd his Presentation & as he has a good Character hopes all our  wishes will be complied with & that Dr Baker is dead,


Abstract of Letters concerning Bucklebury Living being always intended for Me at 24 years old sent Me by Dr Bosworth in 1779 in his own Hand writing –

NB Dr Bosworth administered to my Father

Appendix III Extract from Henry Packer’s Will


Copy of an Extract from Mr Henry Packer’s Will (Gloucester Records Office 547a/F23)


Extracted from the Registry of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury


Part of the last Will of Henry Packer bearing Date the 2d October 1746 and now remaining in the said registry is as follows to wit


In the Name of God Amen I Henry Packer of Donington in the County of Bucks Esquire do make and declare my last Will and Testament and thereby dispose of my Real and personal Estate in manner following that is to say All my Mannors Lands Tenements and Hereditaments whatsoever in the Countys of Berks and Middlesex and elsewhere which I have any Right or Power to give or dispose of I give and devise to my Friends Penniston Powney Esquire and William La Marchant Esquire and their Heirs untill my Nephew Winchcombe Henry Heartly Son of my Sister Elizabeth Heartly shall attain to his Age of Twenty one years In Trust for the only use and benefit of my said Nephew Subject nevertheless to …. Of One Thousand Pounds to my Niece Mary Heartley at her Age of Twenty One years and from and after that my said Nephew shall have attained his full age I give and devise my said real Estate to him my said Nephew and his Heirs for ever But in case my said Nephew shall dye on his Minority then my Will is that my said Trustees and their Heirs shall from and immediately after his decease Stand Seized of the said Real Estates In Trust for my said Niece Mary Heartly untill her Age of Twenty one years and at her Age of Twenty one years I give and devise the same to her and her Heirs for ever But in case my Niece shall dye in her Minority then I give and devise my said real Estates to my said Trustees and their Heirs in Trust for such Child or Children of my said Sister Elizabeth Heartly as shall be her Heir or Heirs at law and his her or their Heirs for ever And in Case my said Sister shall have no other Child who shall attain the age of Twenty one years then I give my said Real Estates to my Sister for her Natural Life and from and after her decease my Will is that my said Real Estates shall go to the Eldest Son of my Kinsman John Willis of Ipswich on the County of Suffolk and to his Heirs for ever


This Will was proved at London the Twenty Ninth October 1746 before the Worshipful George Hay Doctor of Laws and Surrigate by the Oaths of Peniston Powley Esqr and William La Marchant Esquire the Executors named in the said Will to whom Administration was granted being first sworn duly to administer


Considering that this Will was among Henry Willis’s papers, it seems likely that Henry Willis’s  father John Willis was the ‘kinsman’ and that Henry inherited the Real Estates. This Henry Packer is the son of Robert Packer and Mary Winchcomb, and his sister Elizabeth married Dr Hartley. Henry Packer and John Willis were fist cousins, their common grandparents being John Packer and Elizabeth Stephens.


There is a note by Mrs Mary Willis (D547a/F23) as follows:


Henry Stephens Esqr Fathers Sister married – Packer – by whom she left the following Children - - -- -


1.        Robt Packer who married one of the Coheiresses of Sr Henry Winchcomb by whom He left an only daughter who married Dr Hartley by whom she left a Son & a Daughter

2.        Ann Packer who married Dr Hannes (afterwards Sr Edward) by whom she left an only daughter who married Jno Willis Esq by whom she left a Son and three Daughters viz Henry Willis Mary Willis Lucy Willis Elizabeth Willis

3.        Temperance Packer who married Thos Gisborne Esq by whom she left one or two sons & two or three daughters - - - - - -- --


Mem: from Mrs Mary Willis Sodbury Jany 1782


(This confirms that Jane died and Henry had remarried before 1782)


 Please contact Eric Avebury with information on these records in North America.

 Copyright ©2003-5, Eric Avebury , London.  These documents may be freely used for private purposes, and included in your own genealogy. However, this document is copyrighted and may not be sold, nor given to anyone who may attempt to derive profit from same.

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