Genearl Francis Marion, the "Swamp Fox" The illustration at left shows perhaps the grandest of South Carolina's partisans, General Francis Marion.  This illustration is taken from Battles Skirmishes, and Actions of the American Revolution in South Carolina, by Terry W. Lipscomb, South Carolina Dept. of Archives & History, ©1991, used with permission and gratitude. The original is in the Caroliniana Library, University of South Carolina.  The artist has caught the cunning, daring, and humor in General Marion's facial expression.  This imaginary depiction, one of the finest I have seen, exhibits the highest form of the art, capturing the very spirit for which General Marion became famous.  The figure caption reads: "From encampments hidden deep in the lowcountry swamps, General Francis Marion launched surprise hit-and run raids against the king's soldiers."  One point on authenticity.  Read the book (on this web site, see opening page, and on the Project Gutenberg site below) on Francis Marion.  He and his men were dressed in little more than rags, unpaid, and had not the neat appearance the artist has shown on this illustration.   General Marion constantly carried a bottle of vinegar in his pocket into the swamps, drinking it straight constantly as a folk remedy to stave off "swamp fever" (malaria).  Modern science has revealed that drinking vinegar makes the skin smell strange and mosquitoes are less likely to bite, truth in this old folk remedy!  Marion was a beloved commander, and an effective partisan, truly a sword in the side of the Redcoats (as opposed to a thorn!).

SC Historical Marker, Published by the South Carolina Dept. of Archives & History. 1998 2nd ed., used with permission.
Williamsburg County pg. 237
45-11 SC 527 Kingstree Vicinity
Captain William Henry Mouzon

(front) This was the plantation of Capt. William Henry Mouzon (1741-1807), prominent militia officer in the American Revolution, of Huguenot descent, was educated in France as an engineer. He was a lieutenant in the 3rd. S.C. Regiment, then raised the Kings Tree Company and became it's captain. This militia company numbered 75 men when it disbanded after Charleston fell to the British in May 1780.

(Reverse) Capt. Mouzon's company reformed in July 1789, then joined Col. Francis Marion. British troops under Col. Banastre Tarleton burned Mouzon's Plantation and outbuildings in August. Shortly thereafter, on Sept.... 28, 1780, Capt, Mouzon was severely wounded in Marion's victory at Black Mingo Creek and forced to retire from further service. He died in 1807 and is buried in the Mouzon family cemetery nearby. Erected by the Williamsburg Historical Society---1996 (Thanks to Betty Mouzon for digitizing this!).


The Life of Francis Marion

by W. Gilmore Simms

A letter from ISAAC MARION, one of the brothers of our subject [Francis Marion], who dwelt at Little River, the Northern boundary of the province, is worthy of quotation, as serving to show that he was animated with the same public spirit that possessed his more distinguished kinsman. It was written to accompany the express, which brought the news of the battle of Lexington. A letter to him, from R. Howe, of N.C., forwarding the express, remarking, "I know you stand in no need of being prompted when your country requires your service" -- would seem to show that he too had shared in the reputation of his brother. The following is the letter of Isaac Marion, addressed to the Committee of Safety of Little River.

Boundary, May 9, 1775, Little River.

Gentlemen of the Committee; -- I have just now received an express, from the Committee of the Northern Provinces, desiring I would forward the enclosed packet to the Southern Committees. As yours is the nearest, I request FOR THE GOOD OF YOUR COUNTRY, AND THE WELFARE OF OUR LIVES, LIBERTIES, AND FORTUNES, you'll not lose a moment's time, but dispatch the same to the Committee of Georgetown, to be forwarded to Charleston. In meantime, am, gentlemen, Your obliged humble servant, &c. Isaac Marion. To Danness, Hawkins and others.


The marriage of Marion, like that of Washington, was without fruits. This may have baffled some hopes, and in some degree qualified his happiness, but did not impair his virtues. He adopted the son of a relative, to whom he gave his own name, in the hope of perpetuating it in the family, but even this desire has been defeated, since the heir thus chosen, though blessed with numerous children, was never so fortunate as to own a son


SCGenWeb's Web Site on Gen. Marion including three books and a list of men who served under him
The South Carolina Historical Society has numerous surviving pieces of correspondance to and from Marion. (off site)

You can purchase a copy of the men who served under General Marion. (offsite, use your back arrow to return).

Genealogy of Family of Francis Marion (I have put this together myself, and it is not complete.)

Boddie's book on Francis Marion

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1844 Book, The Life of Francis Marion complete on line in html
The References below are off this web site, use your back arrow to return.
Project Gutenberg complete text of a book on Francis Marion   (off site)
Francis Marion's Sweet Potato Dinner! (off site)
This is London review of the move "The Patriot."  An "unkindly" view of Marion! (Thanks to Gary Wolfe)(offsite)
Fort Benning web site article on Francis Marion (excellent!).(off site)
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