My Carolina Wren Marion County, South Carolina
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My Carolina Wren
Home Census and Tax Lists >> 1880

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Tax Lists and other Census Substitutes

Census Tools and Reference


When collecting data from the columns "born in year" and "married in year", keep in mind that the "census year" ran from June 1st of 1879 to June 1st of 1880.


  • Soundex (Index to 1880)
    The 1880 census index, known as the SOUNDEX, is available on microfilm from NARA and it is a wonderful locating tool. However, please keep in mind that it is only a PARTIAL index in that the Soundex films contain only the names of families with children age 10 and under.
    The Soundex for South Carolina (all counties) is contained on NARA Microfilm # T771 (56 rolls)

    The Soundex Coding System
    The Soundex is a coded surname (last name) index based on the way a surname sounds rather than the way it is spelled. Surnames that sound the same, but are spelled differently, like SMITH and SMYTH, have the same code and are filed together. The Soundex coding system was developed to find a surname even though it may have been recorded under various spellings. Every Soundex code consists of a letter and three numbers, such as W252. The letter is always the first letter of the surname whether it is a consonant or a vowel. The numbers are assigned to the remaining consonants of the surname according to the Soundex guide. NARA's Soundex Machine can code your family's surname automatically.


  • Population schedule:
    Contained on NARA Microfilm Rolls # T9-1234 (part) and T9-1235 (2nd part)
  • Agricultural Schedule

  • The 1880 census has an additional set of schedules which are little known and seldom used by most researchers. The "Supplemental Schedules 1-7: Defective, Dependent and Delinquent Classes" (DDD Schedules). If individuals were classified as "insane" or "idiotic", were in prison, deaf/mute, blind, had a sickness/disability, were maimed/crippled, were homeless children, or paupers and indigents, the census takers were required to go to one of the 7 schedules set aside for these categories and ask additional, detailed questions of these individuals, if they were capable of answering, or of their caretaker(s), if they were not capable of answering.


  • Florence County was formed in 1888, taking four townships from western Marion County: Jeffries, McMillan, Cain (includes town of Pamplico), and Pee Dee.
  • Dillon County was formed in 1910, taking six townships from upper Marion County: Bethea, Carmichael, Harleesville, Hillsboro, Kirby, and Manning.
  • An Old Marion Township map can be found here

(Please read note at the top of the transcriptions page.)

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