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Home History >> Fourth of July 1853

Contributed by Francine Jones, 2001

The Following was copied from the Marion Star, Issue of Tuesday, July 19, 1853

(For the Marion Star)

At an early hour the citizens began to gather from every quarter, and by 11 o'clock, A.M., some five or six hundred had assembled. Mr. J. B. Shackelford, Marshal of the Day, formed the procession in front of the Church, and after performing a few evolutions marched up in front of the stand, and the citizens were then comfortably seated under the large shady trees which stand in the church yard. After singing an appropriate hymn, a very solemn and impressive prayer was offered up by the Rev. W.M. Easterling; after which Dr. O. H. Davis read the Declaration of Independence, when Dr. Wm. M. Davis, Orator of the Day, delivered to the audience a short but stirring oration. A copy of it is asked for publication, and therefore nothing more need be said here as it will speak for itself. During the intervals between the performances several musicians discoursed sweet music to the crowd.

At half-past one, P.M., the assembly were invited to dinner, where edibles were plentifully spread for the replenishing of the inner man.

After dinner, the company again repaired to the stand, when, on motion, W. B. Rowell was appointed President, assisted by A. G. Davis and C. D. Rowell, as Vice Presidents. The following Regular and Volunteer Toasts were then given:


The Day we Celebrate - Dear to every lover of Republican Liberty - doubly dear to every true American.

The Patriots of "76 - Embalmed in the memory of their countrymen, may the blessings their valor won be enjoyed by their posterity through all succeeding generations.

Gen. George Washington - "First in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countryman:" as we venerate his memory, so may we practice his precepts.

The President of the United States. - May his administration be as successfully carried out as his inaugural address was frank and manly.

The Abolitionists of our Country. -- Influenced by improper principles, their course tends only to evil; their fanatical and unholy crusade against the South and her institutions, in direct violation of the Constitution of our country, is the most potent for evil of all the isms extant, and must have had it origin in devilism.

His Excellency, the Governor of South Carolina - May he "follow in the footsteps of his illustrious predecessors."

The Army and Naval Forces of the United States - The arms of our defence; our enemies may well "fear and tremble" when they see them raised in defence of our honor, our rights and our liberties.

The Government of the United States. - Wisely constructed, and when constitutionally administered, brings happiness and prosperity to all classes of society at home, and offers an asylum to the oppressed of all nations.

South Carolina. -- Chivalrous and magnanimous; though unaligned by her enemies, she holds an enviable position among her sister States.

Internal Improvements - The progress of our internal improvements indicate the rapid strides of "Young America" to the zenith of civilization and prosperity; may no untoward circumstance check her upward course.

The "Isms" of the Day - Though they may be called "legion," from Spiritual- rapperism, Harriet Beecher Stowe-Uncle Tom's Cabin-ism-and-abolition-ism, "Good Lord deliver us."

The United States Government. - Created for the protection of all the States from foreign aggression, may it commit no wrongs nor submit to any injury or dishoner.

The Ladies. - Worthy of our warmest affections, by their devotion to every virtuous principle. They look to us for protection and support; we look to them for comfort and smiles. May they never be disappointed; -- may we realize our hopes.

   Woman, virtuous, noble, good,
      An "Angel of mercy" to all the distressed;
   As in our youth, so in our manhood,
   Of God's gifts to man, the purest and best.


By T. G. Avant.-Party excitement is like liquor, the devotees often pay a high price for momentary enjoyment.

By. Rev. C. D. Rowell. - The Hon. John McQueen: Our highly esteemed representative in Congress, his patriotism is irrefragable and seldom if ever excelled; may no weapon that is formed against him ever prosper, and every tongue that shall rise against him in judgment from northern demagogues be condemned.

By Dr. C. Henry Black. - South Carolina: Though many stars of the first magnitude have fallen from her political horizon, there are enough left we hope to keep it still bright and burning.

By B. H. Palmer. - We celebrate this day in memory of that which gave us our national existence, and while we review the past, may we look forward to the future, cherishing in our hearts the memory of those who gave us the boon of liberty.

By ----------: The Orator of the day: The talent and patriotic zeal exhibited this day entitles him to the commendation of the residents of this District.

By J. W. Gasque. - The Hon. J. C. Calhoun: He lies undisturbed beneath the sod - may his name ever be cherished by all true hearted patriots, and may spiritual rapperism cease to call his name.

By. M. C. G. Avant. - The Abolitionists of the North: May they be joined in the holy estate of matrimony with the mud colored sons and daughters of Africa.

By J. C. McClenaghan. - Gen. Marion, who was ____ and called by his enemies, the "Swamp Fox" _____ contributed more nobly ____ _____ ____ ____ which was ____ _____ _____ this District proud to bear the venerated name, and her sons will on all occasions imitate his virtues in preserving the blessings of this glorious day.

By Joseph H. Davis.-- Women: "Sweet angelic creature:" the poets celebrate her praises in strains of admiring enthusiasm; the wandering troubadour sings of her darling loveliness and the witchery of her influence.
"We crown for dear woman best gift from above,
The wreath of affection, of friendship and love."

By A. G. Davis. - J. I. Manning: May he faithfully perform the duties incumbent upon him, and at the expiration of his term, may Gen. J. H. Adams, the fearless advocate of Southern Rights, be our next Governor.

By. J. W. Gasque. - The 78th Anniversay of American Independence: May we celebrate it with becoming reverence, and may we ever feel grateful to the Disposer of all things for that peace and tranquility which crowns our beloved country.

By. W. J. Davis -- Col. I. D. Wilson: A Southern Rights man who stands up for the honor of the South: may he be elected to any office to which he may aspire.

By Major J. R. N. Tenhet, (sent.) - Jas. H. Hammond: The giant intellect of his generation; his native State loses most by suffering such a mind to rust in obscurity.-His name will live when those of his traducers and calumniators shall have been entirely forgotten.

By W. Page Taylor, (sent.) --. Gen. E. B. Wheeler: A hospitable, upright, useful citizen, enjoying as he deserves the purest treasure mortal times afford - a spotless reputation.

By Dr. Oliver H. Davis.- The Southern States: Adorned with all the graces of a generous and lofty civilization, may their union be as strong as the iron band which binds a true patriot to his country.

By J. M. Hunter. -- Heroes of the revolution: May we ever cherish the memory of those who fought our battles; venerate their names while we live, and when we are gone may posterity perpetuate their deeds of noble daring in the cause of Liberty.

By R. W. Rowell. -- George Washington: This noble "Father of his Country" was appointed Generalissimo of the American army in its struggle against the tyranny of Britain; may his name remain as a monument of wonder, love and veneration to the citizens of our glorious Republic.

By H. A. Gasque.-The love of liberty is implanted in the hearts of Americans; with them liberty and bravery are synonymous terms.

By Levi Legett, Jun'r. - Agriculture and Commerce: They are both necessary to the happiness and prosperity of any people.

By W. P. Morris. - Santa Anna: May he lose his other leg and be sent to the Queen of Spain to be nursed.

By. Dr. Wm. M. Davis. - Mrs. Harriett Beecher Stowe: May her present husband soon die, and Fred. Douglass be her next.

By Col. Levi Legett. - The Order of the Day, and the Patrons of the Dinner: May he never cease to advocate the cause his ancestors fought for, or want means to cure the wounded sons of liberty; and may they never lack meal or oil for themselves, and a plenty to feed the patriotic sons of South Carolina.

By the same. - The State Legislature of 1852: A majority the heroes of party; the Northeastern Railroad bid shows their weakness, and the appropriation bill an extravagance, without a parallel in the legislation of South Carolina.

By Rev. J. I. Palmer. - The Citizens of Tabernacle: May the respect they have for the day which gave us our national existence, and their veneration of our departed heroes, be amply repaid with the blessings of Heaven.

By W. P. Morris. - The Abolitionists: -- May they never have power, liberty or speech to interfere with any thing south of "Mason and Dixon's line;" may they keep to their own side of the house, and let honest people alone.

By J. B. Shackelford, (Marshall of the Day.) - Gen. John McQueen, our immediate representative in Congress: His past services guarantee his future fidelity to the South. Whether he continues in the National councils or returns to private life, he will have our best wishes for his happiness and welfare. "Well done, good and faithful servant."

By Isaiah Wall. - George Washington: This illustrious patriot raised the banner of freedom before a world of tyrannical oppressors. He achieved laurels which to other men would have destroyed the liberty they had gained; but to Washington this was of minor importance - Liberty was his aim, and liberty he obtained; may we ever respect his name with feelings of the strongest gratitude.

By M C. G. Avant. - Woman's Influence: In all our highest notions of ambition, the exciting energy has been in the approving smile from the eye of woman; though gentle in affection, yet mighty through her influence upon the "lords of creation."

By __________ -- The Ladies: May the single all soon be married, and the married all be happy.

By W. B. Rowell. - Santa Anna, the President of Mexico: If he desires to try the "fortunes of war" again with "Uncle Sam," he has only to refresh his memory with a certain place called "Buena Vista" to satisfy him of the probable result, particularly if "Captain Bragg's Battery" should still be in use.

By the same. - John C. Calhoun, Daniel Webster and Henry Clay: A trio of greatness; we venerate their memory and honor their patriotism. Let us imitate their virtues and forget their faults.

By Rev. T. M. Munnerlyn. - The principles of '76 which prompted our fathers to action: May we, their offspring, defend the rights they guaranteed to us with manly courage.

By A. G. Davis. - Santa Anna, the prize mule rider: If another war should occur with Mexico may he be secured before he mounts another mule, his leg be dismembered before he has time to run it off, his head be sent to the little Missus Queen of Spain, as a caution, and his dead body be left to rule the degraded people of Mexico.

A good many other sentiments were offered but were not handed in. About 4 o'clock the assembly dispersed, highly gratified with the performances of the day - nothing occurring to disturb the hilarity of festivity of the occasion.

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