Native Americans of South Carolina

From: Glinda

To: Pony Hill

Subject: Louisiana Redbones

Date: Sat, 24 Dec 2005 21:31:01 EST

Hi, my name is Glinda, my paternal grandmother was a Perkins, would love to have any info you have about the Perkins family. I have just recently learned about my ancestors possibly being Cherokee Indian, spent all my childhood being called a redbone with no idea what it meant. Have discovered a lot of pride in who I am, a little late in life, but better late than never. My parents were not at all forthcoming about my ancestors when I was growing up, not sure why, possibly because my grandmother died when my dad was only 2 yrs. old. All I was told was Black Dutch when I asked and my dad refused to allow the word redbone to be used in our home.

Reply from Pony Hill, [ponyhill71@hotmail.com]

There is a 'Cherokee' legend in the family of almost every Perkins descendant. When people are not sure what kind of Indian tribe they descend from, they say the most well known tribe from that area....The Lumbee Indians of Robeson County NC were called Cherokee for quite some time, when in reality they descend from Siouan and Tuscarora ancestors. The 'Clifton Choctaw' in Louisiana and the "Mowa Choctaw' in southwestern Alabama all descend from Siouan/Algonquin mixed-Indians who came down from NC/VA area, yet every one of them claims to be Choctaw.

The earliest known Perkins ancestor was Jeremiah Perkins who was one of the "chief men of the Chowan Indians" who signed a land purchase treaty in 1713 in what is now Gates County, NC. The members of the Chowan tribe were mostly Algonquin speakers and closely allied with the Nansemond tribe which was a close neighbor just across the border in Norfolk. In the early 1800's several members of the Perkins family were given proclamations by the Norfolk court stating that they were not free negroes or mulattoes but were Indians, and living among the Nansemond. It is clear that the Perkins family was among the Siouan-Tuscarora-Nansemond Indian families who resided at Fort Christiana around 1717.

The Perkins family migrated from the NC/VA border to northern SC (Marlboro and Sumter Counties) after the closing of Fort Christiana in the 1720's. Just after the Revolutionary War, many members of the Perkins family migrated out again, some briefly to portions of Georgia and Alabama, but the main points of migration were to the eastern section of Tennessee and Northwestern Florida. Most of the Tennessee Perkins' only stayed briefly and moved on down to Louisiana ... many of the Florida Perkins' stayed, but some left on a mixed-blood 'wagon train' that left here in the 1850's bound for Louisiana to join their cousins.

Copyright ©2005, Steven Pony Hill, all rights reserved.

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Copyright ©2005, Steven Pony Hill, all rights reserved. this document is copyrighted and may not be sold, nor given to anyone who may attempt to derive profit from same, without written permission of the author.